The First Venomous Crustacean Found by the Scientists

Scientists found the first venomous crustacean called remipede

Created On: Oct 23, 2013 18:04 ISTModified On: Oct 23, 2013 19:01 IST

Scientists found the first venomous crustacean called remipede. It is a centipede-like creature that lives in underwater caves. It liquefies its prey with a compound similar in nature to rattlesnake's poison. It has its habitat in underwater caves of the Caribbean, Canary Islands and Western Australia. It feeds on other crustaceans.

Crustacean’s venom contains a complex cocktail of toxins, including enzymes and a paralysing agent. The above findings are published in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution.

The remipede (Speleonectes tulumensis) breaks down body tissues with its venom and then sucks out a liquid meal from its prey's exoskeleton. This study will help improve our understanding of the evolution of animal venoms.

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