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Top 10 Current Affairs of 2015: Events of Impact

Dec 31, 2015 19:30 IST

Jagranjosh.com brings for its readers the Top 10 Current Affairs of 2015 that had significant impact on the year 2015 and will continue to influence the current affairs in the year 2016.

1.

Juvenile Justice bill

Rajya Sabha passed Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015

  • It replaces the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000
  • It permits juveniles between 16-18 years age to be tried as adults for heinous offences
  • Juvenile Justice Boards & Child Welfare Committees to be constituted in each district
  • It also proposed several rehabilitation and social integration measures

2.

COP 21 under

COP 21 under UNFCCC adopted Paris Agreement on Climate Change

  • Agreement facilitates GHG emissions reduction measures post-Kyoto (2020)
  • It seeks to limit global average temperature below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels
  • Developed countries to raise $100 billion per year as the floor by 2020
  • Provides review of the implementation of agreement every five year
  • The Conference of Parties 21 (COP 21) was attended by 192 parties including India

3.

UNGA adopted Sustainable Development Goals 2030

UNGA adopted Sustainable Development Goals 2030

  • SDG 2030 is titled Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • Adopted by 193-Member United Nations 4.General Assembly (UNGA) on 25 September 2015
  • Composed of 17 goals & 169 targets to wipe out poverty, fight inequality & tackle climate change
  • They seek to build on Millennium Development Goals and complete what these did not achieve

4.

NJAC Act, 2014

SC declared NJAC Act, 2014 as unconstitutional

  • It declared 99th Constitutional Amendment Act as unconstitutional and void
  • It upheld the Collegium system to appoint the judges of higher juiciary
  • Collegium System was established by the SC in 1993
  • NJAC Act, 2014 was passed by the Parliament in 2014
  • It was notified in Gazette of India in April 2015

5.

Iran’s Parliament approved Vienna Agreement on Iran Nuclear Programme

  • The agreement was signed by Iran and P5+1 countries
  • Restrictions on defensive arms will be lifted before those on offensive arms
  • Violation of deal could lead to automatic snap-back of sanctions within 65 days
  • Iran also had agreed to store no more than 300 kg of low-enriched uranium

6.

India and Bangladesh

1974 Land Border Agreement between India and Bangladesh came into effect

  • 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in Coochbehar District of West Bengal amalgamated with India
  • 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladeshi territory integrated with that country
  • Boundary pillars known as British Pillars which demarcated enclave lands was dismantled
  • The transfer helped about 50000 people to get citizenship of either country

7.

funds methodology

RBI issued guidelines on marginal cost of funds methodology

  • The new methodology will be used to calculate Base rate
  • Under this, components of BR includes
  • cost of funds, negative carry on CRR/SLR, un-allocable overhead costs & average return on net worth
  • The objective is to make BR more sensitive to any changes in policy rates of the RBI
  • The new methodology is expected to come into effect from 1 April 2016

8.

GAGAN System

Union Civil Aviation Ministry launched GAGAN System

  • GAGAN stands for GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation
  • It is an inter-operable Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS)
  • India is the fourth nation after the US, Europe and Japan to have SBAS
  • GAGAN is the first SBAS system in the world to serve the equatorial region

9.

Nitish Kumar

Nitish Kumar sworn-in as Bihar Chief Minister

  • The JDU leader was sworn-in as Chief Minister for the fifth time
  • Governor Ramnath Kovind administered the oath of office and secrecy
  • The swearing-in ceremony was held at the Gandhi Maidan in Patna
  • Council of ministers belonging to RJD, JD(U) and Congress parties also took the oath

10

Nobel Peace Prize 2015

Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet won the Nobel Peace Prize 2015

  • It was announced by Kaci Kullman Five, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
  • Awarded for its decisive contribution to building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia
  • They played the crucial role post-Jasmine revolution in 2011
  • The Quartet was picked from the pool of 273 nominees

Is this article important for exams ? Yes105 People Agreed
Read more Current Affairs on: Top 10 Current Affairs , Current Affairs 2015

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