Top 5 Current Affairs: 22 January 2018

Jan 22, 2018 17:47 IST
Top 5 Current Affairs: 22 January 2018

India to launch ocean pollution observation system

India is all set to have its own automated ocean pollution observation system this year that is expected to help monitor ocean pollution levels besides offering insights on the changes in the marine system.

The new ocean data acquisition system will do away with the present practice of collecting water samples from the sea and studying their pollution levels thereafter.

The system is reported to be completely foolproof. It will help in monitoring the pollution level of the ocean water and the impact of climate change. It will also provide data that will help scientists to understand how the marine system is changing.

Om Prakash Rawat appointed New Chief Election Commissioner


Senior-most Election Commissioner, Om Prakash Rawat was appointed as the Chief Election Commissioner in the Election Commission on 21st January 2018.

According to a notification by the Union Law Ministry, Rawat will assume the charge of office of the Chief Election Commissioner with effect from 23rd January 2018. He would be succeeding outgoing CEC Achal Kumar Joti, who retires on 22nd January.

The appointment was made by President of India, Ram Nath Kovind. Besides this, the President also appointed retired IAS officer Ashok Lavasa as the Election Commissioner with effect from the date he assumes the office, to fill up the vacancy that would have arisen in the three-member panel after Joti's retirement

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban launches Smart Star-Rating for garbage-free cities

Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs along with the Chief Minister of Goa, Manohar Parrikar launched the ‘Protocol for Star Rating of Garbage-Free Cities’ in Goa on 20th January 2-18.

The SMART star-rating initiative, developed by the Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban would rate the cities on a 7-star rating system, which would be based on multiple cleanliness indicators for solid waste management.

The cities can achieve a high star rating by ensuring that no garbage or litter is found in any public, commercial or residential locations in the city at any point of time in the day.

'Potentially hazardous asteroid' to safely fly past Earth in February

An intermediate-sized asteroid, categorised as a "potentially hazardous asteroid", will make a close approach to Earth on February 4, but has zero chances of colliding with our planet over the next 100 years.

The asteroid 2002 AJ129, discovered in January 2002 is somewhere between 0.5 km and 1.2 km across. According to NASA, the asteroid will be no closer than 10 times the distance between Earth and the moon or about 4.2 million km.

The asteroid's velocity at the time of closest approach, 76,000 mph (34 km per second), is higher than the majority of near-earth objects during an earth flyby. The high flyby velocity is a result of the asteroid's orbit, which approaches very close to the sun -18 million.

India to surpass China as fastest growing large economy in 2018

The Sanctum Wealth Management report predicts that India will become the fastest growing economy in the world in 2018, surpassing even China and the country’s equity market will jump to become the fifth largest in the world.

The report states that when the rest of the world offers low growth and insufficient structural change, India, by contrast, is seen as a reforming economy with the prospect of strong long-term growth.

India is looking to achieve a 7.5 per cent growth in its economy, while the developed economies are pushing for 2-3 per cent growth.

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