The United Nation (UN) on 10 July 2014 launched the 2014 revision of the World Urbanisation Prospects report. The report said that at present, 54 percent of the world's population lives in urban areas, which will have an additional 2.5 billion people in urban areas by 2050.
Highlights of the report
• Tokyo was ranked at first position as populous cities in 2014 with 38 million inhabitants (projection says that Tokyo’s population will decline, but will remain the world's largest city in 2030 with 37 million people)
• Delhi with 25 million population was ranked at 2nd position
• Shanghai with 23 million was placed at the at the third position
• Mexico City, Mumbai and Sao Paulo, each with around 21 million inhabitants in 2014 were ranked at fourth position
• Osaka with just over 20 million people, round up the top five spots.
• According to UN, at present worldwide, there are 28 megacities that represents 12 percent of the world’s urban population of which 16 megacities are located in Asia, with four in Latin America, three each in Africa and Europe and two in North America. The number of megacities has reached to 28 from previous 10 marked in 1990 (megacities are defined as urban agglomerations with more than 10 million inhabitants).
• By 2030, the world will have 41 megacities each with more than 10 million inhabitants of which maximum will be in developing nations.
• The World Urbanisation report said that between 2014 and 2050, the largest urban growth will take place in India, China and Nigeria. These three countries will account for 37 percent of the projected growth of the world’s urban population
• As per the report, by 2050 India will add 404 million urban dwellers, which will be much more than China’s projection of 292 million. Nigeria will add 212 million to its urban population.
• At present, urban population of 758 million exists in India and China, which accounts to 30 percent of world’s urban population.
• After combining India and China with the United States, Brazil, Indonesia, Japan and Russia at present accounts for more than half of the world's urban population.
Report in context of India
The UN report highlighted Delhi with 25 million inhabitants as the world’s second most populous city after Tokyo. Mumbai was ranked at fourth place in the list.
The reports projection says that Delhi’s population that has almost doubled to 25 million, since 1990 will retain the spot of world’s second most populous city through at least 2030, when its population is expected to rise swiftly to 36 million. It also projected that India will add the highest number of people to its urban population by 2050, ahead of China. At present India’s urban population are 410 million people and by 2050, it will grow to 814 million.
Director of the UN Population Division - John Wilmoth
What: released by UN
When: 0n 10 July 2014