Union Budget 2019: Underprivileged
Keeping the existing reservation framework intact, the government has ensured 10 per cent additional reservation for the backward classes in general category in government jobs and education.
The Union Interim Finance Minister Piyush Goyal presented the Interim Budget 2019-20 on February 1, 2019. In Independent India, this will be the 89th budget and the sixth of the Narendra Modi-led NDA government.
This year, the government will present the Interim Budget, also known as ‘Vote on Account’ as it is close to the end of its term. The vote-on-account is an approval, which the government seeks from the parliament for essential spending for a limited period. The full-fledged budget will be presented by the new government.
The lower and middle class have been the focus of the NDA Government during the last four years. Hence, accordingly Piyush Goyal announced the following initiatives in the Union Budget 2019:
• Keeping the existing reservation framework intact, the government has ensured 10 per cent additional reservation for the backward classes in general category in government jobs and education.
• To provide food grains at affordable prices to the poor and middle classes, about Rs 1,70,000 crores were spent in the year 2018-19 which is almost double the amount of Rs 92,000 crores spent in the year 2013-14.
• For the same, the government is allocating Rs 60,000 crore for MGNREGA. Additional amount would be provided if required.
• The Government has worked to bridge urban-rural divide in the country. During the last five years, it has undertaken targeted expenditure to improve the quality of life of those living in rural areas. The government aims to provide urban facilities in villages while keeping the soul of rural life intact.
• Under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, construction of rural roads has been tripled. 15.80 lakh habitations out of a total of 17.84 lakh habitations have already been connected with pucca roads and work is going on to complete the rest very soon.
• The yojana is being allocated Rs 19,000 crore in 2019-20 as against Rs 15,500 crore in 2018-19.
• Besides, during the period 2014-18, a total number of 1.53 crore houses have been built under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
• Further, under the Pradhan Mantri Saubhagya Yojna, by March 2019 every household will get electricity connection.
• The government has also distributed 143 crore LED bulbs with the participation of private sector, which has resulted into a savings of approximately Rs 50,000 crore per year in electricity bills of poor and middle class families.
The government aims to make women in rural India free from the smoke of wood by providing cleaner fuel. The Government aims to deliver 8 crore free LPG connections to rural households, of which 6 crore connections have already been distributed under Ujjwala Yojana. In the next year, another 2 crore connections will be disbursed.
More than 7,000 beneficiaries of PM Mudra Yojana are women.