The Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad on 11 August 2014 introduced The National Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2014, and the 121st Constitution Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha.
The two Bills were introduced after the Union Government withdrew the Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2013 introduced by the previous UPA government in the Rajya Sabha.
The 121st Constitutional Amendment Bill was introduced to give constitutional status to the six-member body called Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC). The JAC will replace the existing Collegium system for appointing judges of higher judiciary. For this, the Bill amends Article 124 of the Constitution relating to Supreme Court and inserts new articles 124A, 124B and 124C.
The Judicial Appointment Commission Bill, 2014, on the other hand, lays down the procedure to be followed by the proposed six-member body for appointment and transfer of judges of higher judiciary.
Main provisions of the Judicial Appointment Commission Bill, 2014
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What: Introduced in Lok Sabha