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WHO released the Global status report on violence prevention 2014

Dec 17, 2014 11:55 IST

The World Health Organisation (WHO) on 10 December 2014 released the Global status report on violence prevention 2014 to describe the state of the problem of interpersonal violence worldwide.

The report was jointly published by WHO, the United Nations Development Programme, and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

The report reveals that 475000 people were murdered in 2012 and homicide is the third leading cause of death globally for males aged 15–44 years. The report highlights the urgent need for more decisive action to prevent violence.

Highlights of the Report
• Only one third of the 133 countries surveyed are implementing large-scale initiatives to prevent violence such as bullying prevention programmes, visits by nurses to families at risk and support to those who care for older people.
• About half the countries are fully enforcing a set of 12 laws generally acknowledged to prevent violence, however 80 percent of countries have enacted them.
• Violence also contributes to leading causes of death such as cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS as victims are at an increased risk of adopting behaviours like smoking, alcohol and unsafe sex.
• One half of countries are implementing school-based programmes to teach children and adolescents life-skills such as non-violent conflict resolution.
• One half of countries are promoting efforts to change gender norms supportive of violence against women.
• Less than one quarter of countries are developing public information campaigns to prevent elder abuse.
• About 98 percent of countries have laws against rape; 87 percent of countries have laws against domestic violence; 84 percent of countries have laws against carrying weapons in schools and 40 percent of countries have laws against abuse in institutions for older people.

Recommendations of the Report
• The Global status report on violence prevention 2014 pressed the need of scaling up of violence prevention programmes in all countries and stronger legislation and enforcement of laws relevant for violence prevention.
• Providing care and support to victims of violence is important for reducing psychological trauma, helping victims heal and preventing further involvement in violence.
• It calls for strengthened justice and security institutions to uphold the rule of law and enhanced services for victims of violence.
• It also advocates for better and more effective use of data to inform violence prevention programming and to measure progress.

Global status report on violence prevention 2014
The Global status report on violence prevention 2014 is the first report of its kind to assess national efforts to address interpersonal violence namely child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner and sexual violence and elder abuse.

The report assessed the scale of implementation of 18 best buy violence prevention programmes. This report takes stock of the measures taken by the countries to prevent and respond to interpersonal violence.

The report also reviewed 12 laws which are relevant for violence prevention. The report is intended for use by governments to help identify gaps and encourage and guide actions and by nongovernmental organizations and experts to assist governments in their efforts.

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