Asia: Fact at a glance

Asia is the largest continent in the world extending over nearly one-third of the land surface of the Earth. It has both the highest and the lowest points on the surface of Earth, has the longest coastline of any continent, is subject overall to the world’s widest climatic extremes, and, consequently, produces the most varied forms of vegetation and animal life on Earth.
Created On: Jan 27, 2016 17:26 IST
Modified On: Jan 28, 2016 10:02 IST

Asia is the largest continent in the world extending over nearly one-third of the land surface of the Earth. It has both the highest and the lowest points on the surface of Earth, has the longest coastline of any continent, is subject overall to the world’s widest climatic extremes, and, consequently, produces the most varied forms of vegetation and animal life on Earth.

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Geographically, the continent makes up 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area, and 29.5% of its land area.

  • In the west, Asia is bordered by Europe, the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, as well by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus Strait, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.
  • In the east, Asia is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, and an almost endless stretch of bays and seas.
  • The Arctic Ocean and a handful of seas front the northern border, while the Bering Sea separates Asia from North America.
  • In the southwest the Red Sea and isthmus of Suez separate the continent from Africa.
  • The Indian Ocean fronts most of Asia's southern borders, along with a series of bays, gulfs and seas, as well as extensive chains of both inhabited and uninhabited islands.

Instant Fact

Country with Most Land Borders      

China

 

Major island                                          

Sri Lanka

Highest Plateau                                   

China's Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, average height of 4500 m, 2.3  million km2

(Sichuan, Qinghai - China)

Largest Delta                                       

Sunderban Delta (The Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in Bangladesh and India, covers an area of 75,000 km2)

Deepest Lake                                        

Russia's Lake Baikal, north of the Mongolian border, 1637 m. Surface 31 ,500 km2

Major Lake                                           

Urmia in Iran 5200 km2

Highest Lake                                        

Lhagba Pool 6368 m (Himalaya - Tibet- China)

Main Language Families                     

Sino-Tibetan, Vietnamese, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu (India and Pakistan), Kymer (Cambodian), Laotian, Tai-Kadai     (Thailand), Burmese, Malay (Indonesia and Malaysia) and Pilipino (Tagalog) for the Phillipines, and Turkic languages, Russian.

Main Religions                                     

Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism (Taoism), Shamanism, Animism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Muslim.                      

Birthplace of religions                     

The Middle East is the birthplace and spiritual centre of Zoroastrism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Largest Urban Areas                

  • Tokyo - Japan
  • Guangehon-China
  • Shanghai, China
  • Karachi-Pakistan
  • Jatarta-Indonesia
  • Seoul, South Korea(incl. Bucheon/Goyang, Incheon/Seongnam/Suweon);
  • Delhi,India(incl.  Faridabad/Ghaziabad)
  • Mumbai(Bombay)India(incl. Kalyan/Thane/Ulhasnagar)     

Largest Agglomeration              

Toyko, Japan

 

Highest City                               

Venquan, near Jinghai and Tibet

 

Major River                                

Yangzi 5470 km2 (other important: Brahmaputra, Ganga, Yenisei, Amur, Hwang-Ho and Mekon)

Largest Waterfall                       

Chutes de Khone (Khone Falls), Mekong River in Laos. Height 70 m

 and 12.122 m3 per second

Main Dam                                  

The Three Gorges Dam (Sandouping, China) 185 m high, 2309 m long. 2 million people resettled; power production 85 billion kilowatt hours per year.  

Highest Dam                            

Rogun in Tajikistan 335 m

Longest and Earliest Man-Made Canal Beijing

Hangzhou Grand Canal. First built in the 5th century BC and was extended twice during the Sui and Yuan dynasties. Length 1794 km, drainage area of 4583 m2, 24 locks, some 60 bridges.

Largest Desert

Gobi in Mongolia and North-Eastern

China, 13,00,000 km2

Greatest Land

Mountain Range

 

The Himalayas, which contains 96 of the world's 109 peaks of over 7315 m. (Other important mountain ranges: Kunlun, Tien Shan, Altai and Tibetan Plateau).

Longest Man-Made Architecture     

Chang Cheng, the Great Wall in China (Total length-more than 6700 km)

Highest Railway

Qinghai-Tibet Express

Highest railway station

Tangulla, 5068 m (Tibet- China)

Longest Railway line

Trans-Siberian Express, from Moscow through the Ural Mountains and across all of Asia to Vladivostok on the Sea of Japan. It covers a distance of 9288 km. The journey from Moscow to Vladivostok takes about 8 days 4 hrs and 25 minutes.

There are 97 stops on the rail route. It crosses seven time zones.

Largest Waiting Room

Beijing Station, Chang'an Boulevard, Beijing, with a capacity of 14,000.

Highest Road

Roda Tibet-Sinkiang 6532 m (China)

Highest Building

Burj Khalifa (Dubai) 828 m tall since

2010.

Highest Point

Mt Everest, 8848 m, Nepal

Lowest point

Dead Sea, Israel/Jordan, at 418 m below sea level.

Image Courtesy: www.upload.wikimedia.org

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