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Authoritative Text of the Constitution in Hindi Language

27-JUL-2015 09:47

    The constitution of India was adopted by the constituent assembly in English. A Hindi translation of the constitution signed by the members of the constituent Assembly was also published in 1950 under the authority of the president of the Constituent Assembly in accordance with a resolution adopted by that Assembly.

    Constitutional Provisions

    The Constitution did not provide for any authoritative text of the Constitution in the Hindi language. The 58th Constitution Amendment Act, 1987 inserted Article 394-A in Part XXII of the Constitution. The provisions of Article 394-A are as follows:

    1) The President shall cause to be published under his authority:

    (a) The translation of this Constitution in the Hindi language, signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly, with such modifications as may be necessary to bring it in conformity with the language, style and terminology adopted in the authoritative texts of Central Acts in the Hindi language and incorporating all the amendments of this Constitution made before such publication; and

    (b) The translation in the Hindi language of every amendment of this Constitution made in the English language.

    (2) The translation of the Constitution and its every amendment published shall be construed to have the same meaning as the original text in the English language. If any difficulty arises in so construing any part of such translation, the President shall cause the same to be revised suitably.

    (3) The translation of the Constitution and its every amendment published under this article shall be deemed to be, for all purposes, the authoritative text in Hindi.

    Need for the 58th Constitutional Amendment

    According to the 58th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1987, the objects and the reasons for the legislation are as follows:

    There has been a general demand for the publication of an authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi incorporating there in all the subsequent amendments. It is also imperative to have an authoritative text of the Constitution for facilitating its use in the legal process. Any Hindi version of the Constitution should not only conform to the Hindi translation published by the Constituent Assembly, but should also be in conformity with the language, style and terminology adopted in the authoritative texts of Central Acts in Hindi. It is, therefore, proposed to amend the Constitution so as to empower the President of India to publish under his authority the translation of the Constitution in Hindi signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly with such modifications as may be necessary to bring it in conformity with the language, style and terminology adopted in the authoritative texts of Central Acts in the Hindi language.  The President would also be authorized to   publish the translation in Hindi of every amendment of the Constitution made in English.

    58th Constitutional Amendment

    The provisions of the constitutional amendment act are as follows:

    1. It inserted Article 394-A in the constitution under Part XXII

    2. It empowered the President to publish the translation of the Constitution in Hindi signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly.

    3. It empowered the President to publish the amendment of the constitution in Hindi.

    Jagranjosh

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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