Gender Inequality Index

Gender Inequality Index is a new index for determination of gender disparity that was pioneered in the 2010 HDI Report 20th anniversary edition by UNDP.
Created On: Jul 25, 2014 15:48 IST

Definition of GII

Gender Inequality Index is a new index for determination of gender disparity that was pioneered in the 2010 HDI Report 20th anniversary edition by UNDP.

As per United Nations Development Programme, this index is a composite evaluation which captures the loss of accomplishment, within a nation, due to gender inequality & uses 3 dimensions to do so:

• Reproductive health
• Empowerment
• Labour market participation

Indicators

The dimension of reproductive health’s Gender Inequality Index has two indicators:

• Maternal Mortality Ratio
• Adolescent Fertility Rate

Empowerment Dimensions

The empowerment dimension is measured by 2 indicators:

• Share of parliamentary seats clasped by each sex
• Higher education attainment levels

As per HDI Report 2011, India ranks 129 out of 146 countries on GII. Among BRICS nations, India has the highest inequalities in human development.

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