Definition of GII
Gender Inequality Index is a new index for determination of gender disparity that was pioneered in the 2010 HDI Report 20th anniversary edition by UNDP.
As per United Nations Development Programme, this index is a composite evaluation which captures the loss of accomplishment, within a nation, due to gender inequality & uses 3 dimensions to do so:
• Reproductive health
• Labour market participation
The dimension of reproductive health’s Gender Inequality Index has two indicators:
• Maternal Mortality Ratio
• Adolescent Fertility Rate
The empowerment dimension is measured by 2 indicators:
• Share of parliamentary seats clasped by each sex
• Higher education attainment levels
As per HDI Report 2011, India ranks 129 out of 146 countries on GII. Among BRICS nations, India has the highest inequalities in human development.