Gender Inequality Index

25-JUL-2014 15:48

    Definition of GII

    Gender Inequality Index is a new index for determination of gender disparity that was pioneered in the 2010 HDI Report 20th anniversary edition by UNDP.

    As per United Nations Development Programme, this index is a composite evaluation which captures the loss of accomplishment, within a nation, due to gender inequality & uses 3 dimensions to do so:

    • Reproductive health
    • Empowerment
    • Labour market participation


    The dimension of reproductive health’s Gender Inequality Index has two indicators:

    • Maternal Mortality Ratio
    • Adolescent Fertility Rate

    Empowerment Dimensions

    The empowerment dimension is measured by 2 indicators:

    • Share of parliamentary seats clasped by each sex
    • Higher education attainment levels

    As per HDI Report 2011, India ranks 129 out of 146 countries on GII. Among BRICS nations, India has the highest inequalities in human development.

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