Paper Industry in India is agro-based and it requires more land must be brought under plantations of eucalyptus and other trees apposite for the making of papers. The first paper mill in the country was set up at Serampore (Bengal) in 1812 but failed due to lack of demand for paper. In 1870, a fresh venture was started at Ballygunj near Kolkata. The Government of India defined the Paper Industry as a "Core Industry".
Raw material of Paper Industry
2. Salai Wood
5. Waste Paper & Rags
Geographical Distribution of Paper Industry in India
It is major paper producing state in India. It has 63 mills, accounts for 16.52 per cent of the installed capacity and produces 18 per cent of the paper produced in India.
Major Centres: Sangli, Kalyan, Mumbai, Pune, Balarshah, Pimpn, Nagpur, Bhiwandi, Nandurbar, Tumur, Khopoli, Kamptee, Vikroli, Chinchwad
2. Andhra Pradesh
This state has 19 mills, accounts for 11.3 per cent of installed capacity and 13 per cent of India’s total production of paper.
Major Centres: Rajahmundry, Sirpur (Kagaznagar), Tirupati, Kurnool, Khammam, Srikakulum, Pallancheru, Nellore Bhadrachalam, Kakinada, Apidik, Bodhan
3. Madhya Pradesh
This state has large tracts under cellulosic raw materials viz., bamboo, sabai grass, eucalyptus, etc. and provides solid base to paper industry. It has 18 mills which account for 6.62 per cent of the total installed capacity of India.
Major Centres: Bhopal, Amlpi, (Shahdol), Ratlam, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Abdullaganj, Rewa and Indore
It has 17 mills accounting for 5.48 per cent of the total capacity of India. The paper industry of this state use locally grown bamboo and bagasse obtained from the sugar mills.
Major Centres: Bhadravati, Dandoli, Nandangaud, Belagola, Munirabad, Harihar, Mundyud, Bangalore, Mandya, Ramnagaram and Krishnarajsagar
It has 55 mills which largely depend upon bagasse and eucalyptus for supply of raw material.
Major Centres: Rajkot, Vadodara, Surat, Barjod, Bilmoria, Navsari, Songarh, Ahmedabad, Vapi, Bharuch, Dijandranagar, Limbdi, Gondal, Udvada and Bavla.
6. Uttar Pradesh
It has 68 mills but the size of the mills being small, the installed capacity does not exceed 9 per cent.
Major Centres: Saharanpur, Lalkuan, Meerut, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Pipraich, Muzaffamagar, Allahabad (Naini), Varanasi, Kalpi, Budaun and Mainpuri
7. West Bengal
It was the pioneer state in the paper industry at the initial stage and led the country till mid-1980s. Industry is based on bamboo which is available locally or is obtained from Assam, Orissa and Jharkhand, and sabai grass.
Major Centres: Titagarh, Kankinara, Raniganj, Bansberia, Sheoraphuli, Chandrabati, Triveni, Naihati, Kolkata and Baranagore
The paper industry of this state used bamboo as raw material. It has only 8 mills but their size is sufficiently large enabling the state to account for over six per cent of the total capacity.
Major Centres: Brijrajnagar, Chandwar, Raygada
9. Tamil Nadu
It has 24 small sized mills and these mills use locally grown bamboo.
Major Centres: Cheranmahadevi, Pallipalayam, Udmalpet, Chennai, Salem, Amravathinagar, Pahanasam, Madurai
This state has 23 mills and all are small in size but their production is consistent.
Major Centres: Hoshiarpur, Sangrur, Sailakhurd and Rajpura
This state has 18 mills but depend upon imported pulp and eucalyptus for paper production. Yamunanagar has the largest mill in the state.
Major Centres: Faridabad, Dharuhera and Jagadhari
It is one of the centres which fulfil the bamboo requirement for paper industry. Nowgaon has one of the largest paper mills of India.
Major Centres: Guwahati, Cachar and Lumding
Above data is extracted from the recent paper of Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) which also reveals that India has emerged as the fastest growing market. It produces many varieties of papers, namely, printing and writing paper, packaging paper, coated paper and some speciality paper.