International Human Rights Day is celebrated on 10th December every year across the world. The date is selected to honour the United Nations General Assembly’s implementation and notification, on 10th December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was one of the first global declaration of human rights. On 4th December 1950, the formal celebration of Human Rights Day happened at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly, when the General Assembly announced resolution 423(V).
The day is celebrated by organizing big political conferences and meetings and by cultural events in relation to human rights issues. Additionally, on this day, the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Various Governmental and Non-governmental Organizations organize special events related to the human rights field.
How is International Human Rights Day celebrated?
The Human Rights Day is celebrated by formally organizing the political conferences, meeting, exhibitions, cultural events and many other programs to leverage the human rights awareness. A particular theme is decided to make this celebration more effective and successful. For example, human poverty is one of the biggest human rights challenge. By celebrating Human Rights Day, they try to achieve the goal of eradicating the poverty from the human life and help them establishing and living a well-off life. Some other programs are also performed such as music, drama, dance, and others which focus on learning the human rights by people. Some of the protest activities are also conducted in order to generate awareness among the people for the human rights.
Why Do We Celebrate International Human Rights Day?
International Human Rights Day is celebrated across the globe by the people to achieve the real rights for the human beings. This day is celebrated with an aim to improve the physical and socio-cultural well-being and welfare of the susceptible group of people throughout the world. Few reasons for celebrating this day are as follows:
• To leverage the awareness about human rights among the people across the globe.
• To accentuate the efforts of the United Nations General Assembly in order to progress the comprehensive human rights conditions.
• To interact and celebrate in association to discuss and highlight the crucial issues of the human rights.
• To motivate the susceptible group of people like women, minorities, teenagers, poor, disabled person, and others to participate in this event.
Some important historical events
In 1979, Shih Ming-the organized a human rights campaign in Kaoshiung, Taiwan, which led to the Kaohsiung Incident consisting of three rounds of arrests and mock trials of political opponents of the ruling Kuomintang party followed by their imprisonment.
In 1983, Raul Alfonsin, the President of Argentina, decided to assume office on 10th December, marking the end of the military dictatorship which was related to human rights violations happened during the dictatorship.
In 2004, International Human Rights Day was sanctioned by the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) as an official day of human rights celebration.