List of Invasive Alien Flora of India

04-OCT-2016 15:54

    Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. They occur in all groups of plants and animals, as competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites, and they have invaded almost every type of native ecosystem.

    Jagranjosh

    Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very helpful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

    General Knowledge Lists

    Invasive Alien Flora of India

    Invasive Alien Flora of India

    Nativity, Distribution & Features

    Needle Bush

    Nativity: Tropical South America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: A shrub or small tree. Occasional in thorny scrub and dry degraded forests and often creates close thickets.

    Black Wattle

    Nativity: South East Australia

    Distribution in India: Western Ghats

    Features: Introduced for afforestation in Western Ghats. Regenerates rapidly after fire and forms dense thickets. It is distributed in forests and grazing lands in high altitude areas.

    Goat Weed

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Troublesome weed in gardens, cultivated fields and forests.

    Alternanthera Paronychioides

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Occasional weed along edges of tanks, ditches and in marshy lands.

    Prickly Poppy

    Nativity: Tropical Central & South America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common winter season weed in cultivated fields, scrub lands and fringes of forest.

    Blumea Eriantha

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Abundant along railway track , road sides and degraded forests land

    Palmyra, Toddy Palm

    Nativity: Tropical Africa

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Cultivated and self sown, occasionally found to be gregarious nearby cultivated fields, scrub lands and waste lands.

    Calotropis/ Madar, Swallo Wort

    Nativity: Tropical Africa

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common in cultivated fields, scrub lands and waste lands.

    Datura, Mad Plant, Thorn Apple

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Occasional weed on disturbed ground.

    Water Hyacinth

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Abundant in still or slow floating waters. Nuisance for a aquatic ecosystem.

    Impatiens, Balsam

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common along railway tracks; also runs wild in gardens.

    Ipomoea/ the pink morning glory

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of marshy lands and along the edges of tanks and ditches.

    Lantana camara/ Lantana, Wild Sage

    Nativity: Tropical America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of forests, plantations, habitation, waste lands and scrubs lands.

    Black Mimosa

    Nativity: Tropical North America

    Distribution in India: Himalaya, Western Ghats

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. It invades water courses and seasonally flooded wetlands.

    Touch-Me-Not, Sleeping Grass

    Nativity: Brazil

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of cultivated fields, scrubs lands and degraded forests.

    4’ O Clock plant

    Nativity: Peru

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Runs wild in gardens and near habitation.

    Parthenium/ Congress grass, Parthenium

    Nativity: Tropical North America

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of cultivated fields, forests, overgrazed pastures, waste lands and gardens.

    Prosopis juliflora/Mesquite

    Nativity: Mexico

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of waste lands, scrub lands and degraded forests.

    Townsend grass

    Nativity: Tropical West Asia

    Distribution in India: Throughout

    Features: Very common along streams and banks of rivers

    Biological invasion by alien species is recognised as one of the major threats to native species and ecosystems. The effects on biodiversity are enormous and often irreversible.

    Environment & Ecology: A Complete Study Material

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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