List of Invasive Alien Flora of India

Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Created On: Oct 4, 2016 15:54 IST

Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. They occur in all groups of plants and animals, as competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites, and they have invaded almost every type of native ecosystem.

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Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very helpful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

General Knowledge Lists

Invasive Alien Flora of India

Invasive Alien Flora of India

Nativity, Distribution & Features

Needle Bush

Nativity: Tropical South America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: A shrub or small tree. Occasional in thorny scrub and dry degraded forests and often creates close thickets.

Black Wattle

Nativity: South East Australia

Distribution in India: Western Ghats

Features: Introduced for afforestation in Western Ghats. Regenerates rapidly after fire and forms dense thickets. It is distributed in forests and grazing lands in high altitude areas.

Goat Weed

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Troublesome weed in gardens, cultivated fields and forests.

Alternanthera Paronychioides

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Occasional weed along edges of tanks, ditches and in marshy lands.

Prickly Poppy

Nativity: Tropical Central & South America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common winter season weed in cultivated fields, scrub lands and fringes of forest.

Blumea Eriantha

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Abundant along railway track , road sides and degraded forests land

Palmyra, Toddy Palm

Nativity: Tropical Africa

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Cultivated and self sown, occasionally found to be gregarious nearby cultivated fields, scrub lands and waste lands.

Calotropis/ Madar, Swallo Wort

Nativity: Tropical Africa

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common in cultivated fields, scrub lands and waste lands.

Datura, Mad Plant, Thorn Apple

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Occasional weed on disturbed ground.

Water Hyacinth

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Abundant in still or slow floating waters. Nuisance for a aquatic ecosystem.

Impatiens, Balsam

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common along railway tracks; also runs wild in gardens.

Ipomoea/ the pink morning glory

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of marshy lands and along the edges of tanks and ditches.

Lantana camara/ Lantana, Wild Sage

Nativity: Tropical America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of forests, plantations, habitation, waste lands and scrubs lands.

Black Mimosa

Nativity: Tropical North America

Distribution in India: Himalaya, Western Ghats

Features: Aggressive colonizer. It invades water courses and seasonally flooded wetlands.

Touch-Me-Not, Sleeping Grass

Nativity: Brazil

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of cultivated fields, scrubs lands and degraded forests.

4’ O Clock plant

Nativity: Peru

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Runs wild in gardens and near habitation.

Parthenium/ Congress grass, Parthenium

Nativity: Tropical North America

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of cultivated fields, forests, overgrazed pastures, waste lands and gardens.

Prosopis juliflora/Mesquite

Nativity: Mexico

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Aggressive colonizer. Common weed of waste lands, scrub lands and degraded forests.

Townsend grass

Nativity: Tropical West Asia

Distribution in India: Throughout

Features: Very common along streams and banks of rivers

Biological invasion by alien species is recognised as one of the major threats to native species and ecosystems. The effects on biodiversity are enormous and often irreversible.

Environment & Ecology: A Complete Study Material

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