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List of Major River Systems in the World

Aug 27, 2018 18:16 IST
    List of Major River Systems in the World

    A river system is a number of rivers which consists of one main river, which drains into a lake or into the ocean, and all its tributaries. The source is where the water is coming from, for example, from spring water (waterfalls), mountains etc.

    It is an important feature of most landscapes, acting as the principal mechanism for the transport of weathered debris away from upland areas and carrying it to lakes and seas, where much of the classic sediment is deposited.

    Major River Systems in the World

    1. Amazon River System

    Country: Peru, Ecuador, Brazil

    Source: Rio Mantaro

    Tributaries: Marañón, Japurá/Caquetá, Rio Negro/Guainía, Putumayo, Ucayali, Purús, Madeira, Tapajós, Xingu

    Destination: Atlantic Ocean

    2. Amur River System

    Country: Russia, China

    Source: Lake Khanka

    Tributaries: Shilka, Zeya, Bureya, Amgun, Ergune, Huma, Songhua, Ussuri

    Destination: Sea of Okhotsk

    3. Brahmaputra River System

    Country: China, Mongolia, Russia

    Source: Bhagirath Glacier

    Tributaries: Dibang River, Lohit River, Dhansiri River, Kolong River, Kameng River, Manas River, Beki River, Raidak River, Jaldhaka River, Teesta River, Subansiri River

    Destination: Andaman Sea

    4. Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River System

    Country: China

    Source: Jari Hill

    Tributaries: Yalong, Min, Tuo, Jialing, Han, Wu, Yuan, Zi, Xiang, Gan, Huangpu River, Teesta River, Subansiri River

    Destination: East China Sea

    5. Danube River System

    Country: Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine

    Source: Black Forest Mountain

    Destination: Black Sea

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    6. Dnieper River System

    Country: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine

    Source: Valdai hills (Russia)

    Tributaries: Sozh, Desna, Trubizh, Supiy, Sula, Psel, Vorskla, Samara, Konka, Bilozerka, Drut, Berezina, Prypiat, Teteriv, Irpin, Stuhna, Ros, Tiasmyn, Bazavluk, Inhulets

    Destination: Black Sea

    7. Huang Ho River (Yellow River) System

    Country: China

    Source: Kunlun Mountain

    Tributaries: Fen River, Tao River, Wei River

    Destination: Gulf of Bohai

    8. Indus River System

    Country: China, India, Pakistan

    Source: Mount Kailash

    Tributaries: Zanskar River, Suru River, Soan River, Jhelum River, Chenab River, Ravi River, Beas River, Sutlej River, Panjnad River, Ghaggar-Hakra River, Luni River, Shyok River, Hunza River, Gilgit River, Swat River, Kunar River, Kabul River, Kurram River, Gomal River, Zhob River

    Destination: Arabian Sea

    9. Irrawaddy River System

    Country: Myanmar

    Source: Mali River

    Tributaries: Chindwin, Mu, Myitnge

    Destination: Andaman Sea

    10. Lena River System

    Country: Russia

    Source: Lake Baikal

    Tributaries: Kirenga, Vilyuy, Vitim, Olyokma, Aldan

    Destination: Laptev Sea

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    11. Mississippi River System

    Country: Canada, United States of America (USA)

    Source: Lake Itaska

    Tributaries: Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio and Red rivers

    Destination: Gulf of Mexico

    12. Mackenzie River System

    Country: Canada

    Source: Great Slave Lake

    Tributaries: Liard River, Keele River, Arctic Red River, Peel River, Great Bear River

    Destination: Beaufort Sea

    13. Mekong River System

    Country: China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam

    Source: Lasagonagma Spring

    Tributaries: Nam Khan, Tha, Nam Ou, Mun, Tonle Sap, Kok, Ruak

    Destination: South China Sea

    14. Murray River System

    Country: Australia

    Source: Australian Alps

    Tributaries: Mitta Mitta River, Kiewa River, Ovens River, Goulburn River, Campaspe River, Loddon River, Swampy Plains River, Murrumbidgee River, Darling River

    Destination: Southern Ocean

    15. Madeira River System

    Country: Bolivia, Brazil

    Source: Mamore River

    Tributaries: Madre de Dios River, Mamoré River, Ji-Paraná River, Dos Marmelos River, Manicoré River, Mataurá River, Mariepauá River, Aripuanã River

    Destination: Amazon River

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    16. Nile River System

    Country: Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea

    Source: Blue Nile and White Nile

    Destination: Mediterranean Sea

    17. Niger River System

    Country: Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, Nigeria

    Source: Guinea High Lands

    Tributaries: Sokoto River, Kaduna River, Benue River, Anambra River, Bani River

    Destination: Gulf of Guinea

    18. Irtysh River System

    Country: Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, Russia

    Source: Altai Mountain

    Tributaries: Tobol River, Demyanka River and the Ishim River

    Destination: Ob River

    19. Orinoco River System

    Country: Colombia, Venezuela

    Source: Parima Mountains

    Destination: Atlantic Ocean

    20. Parana River System

    Country: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay

    Source: Parima Mountain

    Destination: Atlantic Ocean

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    21. Purus River System

    Country: Peru, Brazil

    Source: Ucayali

    Destination: Amazon River

    22. Paraguay River System

    Country: Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia

    Source: Mato Grasso

    Tributaries: Rio Negro, Miranda River, Cuiabá River, Apa River, Tebicuary River, Jauru River, Pilcomayo River, Bermejo River

    Destination: Parana River

    23. Sao Francisco River System

    Country: Brazil

    Source: Canastra Mountains

    Destination: Atlantic Ocean

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    24. Salween River System

    Country: Thailand, China, Myanmar

    Source: Tibet Plateau

    Destination: Andaman Sea

    25. Tarim River System

    Country: China

    Source: Tibet

    Destination: Lop Nur

    26.  Tigris River System

    Country: Iraq, Turkey, Syria

    Source: Turkey

    Destination:  Shatt al-Arab

    27. Ural River System

    Country: Russia, Kazakhstan

    Source: Ural Mountain

    Destination:  Caspian Sea

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    28. Volga River System

    Country: Russia

    Source: Valdai Hills

    Tributaries: Kama, Oka

    Destination: Caspian Sea

    29. Yenisei River System

    Country: Mongolia, Russia

    Source:  Satnovoy Range

    Tributaries: Angara, Lower Tunguska, Stony Tunguska River

    Destination: Arctic Ocean

    30. Yukon River System

    Country: Canada, United States of America (USA)

    Source: Atlin Lake

    Tributaries: White River, Tanana River, Tagish River, Takhini River, Teslin River, Big Salmon River, Pelly River, Stewart River, Klondike River, Birch Creek, Koyukuk River

    Destination:  Bering Sea

    31. Zaire River (Congo River) System

    Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon

    Source: Lake Mweru

    Tributaries: Inkisi, Kwa-Kassai, Fimi, Kwango, Sankuru, Sangha (right), Kadei, Ubangi/ (right), Mbomou, Uele, Tshuapa River (left), Lomami River (left)

    Destination: Atlantic Ocean

    32. Zambezi River System

    Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Mozambique

    Source: Mwinlunga

    Destination: Indian Ocean

    Since prehistoric era, rivers played important role in life formation and human evolution. They provide a source of drinking water, for obtaining food, to fertilize lands and way to transport goods from place to place. Rivers also provide an important habitat for wildlife. They play an essential role in the ecology of rainforest and wetlands.

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