Rajasthan: Geography

31-AUG-2013 13:36

    Rajasthan location in India

     

    Rajasthan is placed in the north-western division of India. It is surrounded by Pakistan in the North-West and the West. On the Northern and North-Eastern side it is bounded by the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, on the Eastern and South-Eastern parts by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh respectively and on the South-West by Gujarat. The Tropic of Cancer passes through its South tip in its Banswara district. The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur. Rajasthan state of India is fairly infertile and dry in the west. This region includes some proportions of Thar Desert, which is also recognized as the Great Indian Desert. The land in the South-Western region of Rajasthan is hilly, wetty and fertile. There is a variation in the climate of Rajasthan throughout. Average rainfall also varies.

     

    Major Rivers in Rajasthan

     

    Name of the river: Chambal River

    Mouth of the river: Yamuna

    Areas through which the river flows: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh

     

    Name of the river: Sabarmati River

    Source of the river: Dhebar lake, Rajasthan

    Areas through which the river flows: Gujarat, Rajasthan

     

    • Name of the river: Mithari

    Source of the river: Aravalli Range in Pali district, Rajasthan

    Areas through which the river flows: Districts of Rajasthan

     

    • Name of the river: Parbati River

    Source of the river: Chhawar, Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India

    Areas through which the river flows: Sawai Madhopur, Dhaulpur

     

    • Name of the river: Berach River

    Source of the river: Udaipur

    Areas through which the river flows: Udaipur, Chittorgarh and Bhilwara

     

    • Name of the river: Saraswati River

    Source of the river: Naitwar in Western Garhwal

    Areas through which the river flows: Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujrat

     

    • Name of the river: Sahibi River

    Source of the river: Jitgarh and Manoharpur and district of Jaipur in Rajasthan

    Areas through which the river flows: Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi

     

    • Name of the river: Luni River

    Source of the river: Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range

    Areas through which the river flows: Rajasthan, Gujarat

     

    • Name of the river: Banas River

    Source of the river: Khamnor Hills of the Aravalli Range, about 5 km from Kumbhalgarh in Rajsamand district

    Areas through which the river flows: Nathdwara, Jahajpur and Tonk disricts of Rajasthan

     

    • Name of the river: Jawai River

    Source of the river: Udaipur district in Aravalli Ranges

    Areas through which the river flows: Udaipur, Pali and Jalore districts of Rajasthan.

     

    • Name of the river: Gomati River

    Source of the river: Hills of Central Udaipur District

    Areas through which the river flows: Chittorgarh, Rajasthan

     

    Natural Geographic Features

     

    Thar Desert

     

    Countries: India, Pakistan

    States in which Thar Desert extends in India:

    • Rajasthan

    • Haryana

    • Punjab

    • Gujarat

     

    States in which Thar Desert extends in Pakistan:

    • Sindh

    • Punjab

     

    Thar Desert extends from Sutlej River, bounded by Aravalli Ranges on the Eastern part, on the Southern part by the Great Rann of Kutch and on the Western side by the Indus River.

     

    Aravalli Range

     

    Peak: Guru Shikhar

    Elevation: 1,722 m

    Length: 800 km (500 mi)

    Countries: India and Pakistan

    States in which Aravalli Range extends in India:

    • Rajasthan

    • Haryana

    • Delhi

    • Gujarat

     

    Settlement: Mount Abu

     

    The Aravalli Ranges are India’s oldest fold mountains. The north end of the Aravalli range continues as secluded hills and rocky ridges into Haryana and ending in Delhi.

     

    Industrial Overview

    Special Industrial Complexes are being built up in Rajasthan to meet the necessities of industries, mainly at the following locations:

     

    1. Hosiery Chopanki in Bhiwadi

    2. Gems & Jewellery and Gem Park in Jaipur

    3. Ceramics Khara in Bikaner

    4. Software Technology EPIP in Jaipur

    5. Electronics and Telecomm in Jaipur

    8. Textiles in Sanganer, Bhilwara, Pali, Sitapura, Balotra and Jodhpur

    9. Agro Industries IGNP Area

    10. Leather Manpur/Macheri

    11. Wool Industries Beawar in Bikaner

    12. Handicrafts Shilpgram in Jodhpur and Jaisalmer

    13. Dimensional Stone in Udaipur, Kishangarh and Chittorgarh

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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