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Rajasthan: Natural Forests

07-SEP-2013 16:54

    The floral prosperity of Rajasthan state is affluent and diverse. The western part is partly desert terrain; the majority of the vicinity under forests is constrained to Southern and Eastern parts of Rajasthan. The forests in Rajasthan are erratically disseminated in the different districts. Most of the forests in the state are in the hilly regions i.e. in Rajasamand, Udaipur, Baran, Kota, Chittorgarh, Sirohi, Sawai Madhopur, Alwar, Bundi, Banswara and Jhalawar districts. Thick natural forests are in sheltered patches, typically restricted to different wild-life sanctuaries and national parks. Some of the enduring forests of Rajasthan state are in diverse stages of plant expansion. The forests of Rajasthan state can be separated into 4 extensive forest categories:

     

    • Tropical Thorn Forests

    The Tropical thorn forests are instituted in the dry and semi-arid areas of West Rajasthan. These expand from Western India - Pakistan boundary and steadily combine with the parched deciduous forests of Aravalli hills as well as the South East plateau. The major species of this type of forests are Acacia leucophloea, Prosopis cineraria, Capparis aphylla, Zizyphus spp., Flacourtia spp. and Acacia nilotica, etc. These forests are essentially found in the Western parts of Rajasthan specifically Pali, Jodhpur, Barmer, Jalore, Churu, Bikaner and Nagaur etc.

     

    • Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests

    The Tropical Dry Deciduous forests are generally found in little pieces in few parts of Rajasthan, Eastern and Northern slopes of Aravalli ranges, mostly in Alwar, Bharatpur and Dholpur districts, are enclosed with this kind of forests. Intermittent expansion of definite species of parched deciduous forests is found beside the arid river beds of Nagaur, Jalore, Bikaner and Ganaganagar districts. The chief species of this type are Anogeissus latifolia, Anogeissus pendula, Terminalia tomentosa, Acacia catechu, Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia balerica, Dendrocalamus strictus, Boswellia serrata and Lanea grandis.

     

    • Central Indian Sub - tropical Hill Forests

    The Central Indian Sub - tropical Hill forests are the most plentiful in Central part of India, as in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra. They are also found in Sirohi, Rajasthan, frequently on the hills near Mount Abu. These forests have some evergreen and partially evergreen species of trees. The foliage of Mount Abu comprises of several plants which are analogous to the sub - tropical area of Himalayas.

     

    • Mixed Miscellaneous Forests

    Mixed Miscellaneous Forests are mostly found in the South-Eastern and Eastern region of Rajasthan including Kota, Chittorgarh, Sirohi, Udaipur, Dungarpur, Banswara, Jhalawar and Baran districts. The Forests chiefly includes Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia tomentosa, Anogeissus pendula, Terminalia arjuna , Albizia lebbeck, Terminalia chebula and Dalbergia paniculata and its associates.

     

    Forest Area of districts as per Legal Status in Rajasthan

     

    Rank

    Name of District

    Total  area under forest cover (31.3.2007)

    Reserved forests

    Protected forests

    Unclassified forests

    1

    Udaipur

    4,587.42  

    2,961.25

    1,626.17

    0.00

    2

    Chittoragarh

    2,766.62

    1,584.70

    1,181.36

    0.56

    3

    Baran

    2,239.32

    0.00

    2,226.74

    12.58

    4

    Karauli

    1,802.81

    62.99

    1,675.55

    64.27

    5

    Alwar

    1,784.14

    1,006.06

    636.83

    141.25

    6

    Sirohi

    1,638.65

    866.60

    749.75

    22.30

    7

    Bundi

    1,559.98

    837.29

    706.65

    16.04

    8

    Jhalawar

    1,349.79

    413.45

    930.62

    5.73

    9

    Kota

    1,310.04

    874.83

    412.58

    22.63

    10

    Bikaner

    1,248.73

    0.00

    234.29

    1014.45

    11

    Banswara

    1,236.67

    0.00

    1,236.67

    0.00

    12

    Pali

    963.58

    819.45

    141.62

    2.51

    13

    Sawai Madhopur

    953.71

    792.88

    154.16

    6.67

    14

    Jaipur

    948.68

    679.34

    263.10

    5.63

    15

    Bhilwara

    794.18

    437.80

    289.62

    66.77

    16

    Dungarpur

    693.25

    251.29

    433.25

    8.71

    17

    Dholpur

    638.45

    7.92

    597.78

    32.75

    18

    Sikar

    637.68

    9.92

    619.18

    8.59

    19

    Ganganagar

    633.44

    0.00

    50.65

    582.79

    20

    Ajmer

    613.10

    194.99

    418.09

    0.02

    21

    Barmer

    609.10

    0.00

    568.33

    44.77

    22

    Jaisalmer

    581.29

    0.00

    199.77

    383.52

    23

    Jalore

    450.68

    122.24

    298.05

    30.40

    24

    Jhunjhunu

    405.36

    6.02

    392.57

    6.77

    25

    Rajsamand

    396.58

    277.44

    119.14

    0.000

    26

    Bharatpur

    382.39

    0.00

    369.57

    12.82

    27

    Tonk

    335.97

    101.42

    230.75

    3.80

    28

    Dausa

    282.63

    133.37

    148.69

    0.57

    29

    Jodhpur

    242.89

    4.68

    175.52

    62.70

    30

    Nagaur

    240.93

    0.80

    206.23

    33.89

    31

    Hanumangarh

    239.46

    0.00

    113.25

    126.21

    32

    Churu

    71.22

    7.20

    10.84

    53.18


    Top 5 districts as per total area under forest cover

     

     

    Rank

    Name of District

    Total  area under forest cover (31.3.2007)

    Reserved forests

    Protected forests

    Unclassified forests

    1

    Udaipur

    4,587.42  

    2,961.25

    1,626.17

    0.00

    2

    Chittoragarh

    2,766.62

    1,584.70

    1,181.36

    0.56

    3

    Baran

    2,239.32

    0.00

    2,226.74

    12.58

    4

    Karauli

    1,802.81

    62.99

    1,675.55

    64.27

    5

    Alwar

    1,784.14

    1,006.06

    636.83

    141.25

     

    Bottom 5 districts as per total area under forest cover


    Rank

    Name of District

    Total  area under forest cover (31.3.2007)

    Reserved forests

    Protected forests

    Unclassified forests

    1

    Churu

    71.22

    7.20

    10.84

    53.18

    2

    Hanumangarh

    239.46

    0.00

    113.25

    126.21

    3

    Nagaur

    240.93

    0.80

    206.23

    33.89

    4

    Jodhpur

    242.89

    4.68

    175.52

    62.70

    5

    Dausa

    282.63

    133.37

    148.69

    0.57

     


     

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