The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket. It was established in 1909 by the representatives of England, Australia and South Africa as "Imperial Cricket Conference". In 1965, it has been renamed as "International Cricket Conference", and finally in 1989 it was renamed as "International Cricket Council" (ICC). Its headquarter is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The current ICC chairman is Shashank Manohar, President is Zaheer Abbas and Richardson is Chief Executive Officer.
It has three types of membership: Full Members; Associate Members; and Affiliate Members.
I. Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, West Indies, and Zimbabwe are full members.
II. There are 39 Associate Member countries where cricket is firmly established and organised but have not yet been granted Full membership;
III. There 56 Affiliate Member countries where the ICC recognises that cricket are played according to the Laws of Cricket.
Functions of the International Cricket Council (ICC)
I. It is responsible for organising major international tournaments of cricket, in which the "Cricket World Cup" is the main.
II. It employs all umpires and referees, who are responsible for the successful events of all Test matches, one-day international and Twenty-20 international tournaments.
III. It deals with the code of conduct for cricket, as well as the professional standards of discipline, action against corruption and match fixing. But it is worth noting that there is no rule of law about domestic cricket competitions held in ICC member countries.
IV. It monitors the cricket playing conditions, the bowling action review, and the other rules of the ICC. However, the ICC does not have copyright laws related to the game. These copyrights are with the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and it has the right to make changes in the rules of cricket, although 'MCC' is required to seek the advice of the ICC for any change in the rules.
The main source of income of the ICC is the organizing of tournaments (primarily Cricket World Cup). The ICC divides a large portion of its income among its member states. Between 2007 and 2015, the ICC earned 1.6 billion US dollars from sponsorship and television rights. Other sources of income also include income from the membership of the ICC and sponsorship and income from the investment.
The revenue cycle-2015-2023 of ICC are estimated to be around US $ 2.5 billion in which BCCI get around 23% whereas England and Australia will get around 6% to 10 %. Apart from this the surplus of the outstanding is distributed to all Associate members.
It is worth mentioning here that the ICC does not receive any income from the two countries (Tests, One-Day Internationals and Twenty-20 International) tournaments because the income of these matches has the right to the Cricket Board of the Member States Occurs.
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The ICC appoints umpires and match referees for all international Test matches, one-day internationals and Twenty-20 matches.
ICC Umpires Panel
There are three types of ICC umpires panel
I. Elite Panel,
II. International Panel, and
III. Associates & Related Panel.
From April 2012 till now the ICC Elite Panel consists of 12 umpires. According to the rules, during each test match, two umpires from the elite panel must be present and one umpire in one day match is required. Members of the Elite Panel are full time employees of the ICC.
Thus, it can be said that the ICC is the largest organization associated with the development of cricket. This institution also creates rule law for cricket to promote healthy competition. It collects its income primarily from major tournaments like World Cup, Champions Trophy.