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Special Status to the Other Indian States

31-JUL-2015 10:28

    Some of the states owing to their uneven developments, tribal areas, backwardness aspirations of people need some special status in order to have uniform growth.

    Article 371: Provisions for Maharashtra and Gujarat

    (a) The establishment of separate development boards for Vidarbha, Marathwada, and the rest of Maharashtra and Saurashtra, Kutch and the rest of Gujarat with the provision that a report on the working of each of these boards will be placed each year before the State Legislative Assembly

     (b) The equitable allocation of funds for developmental expenditure over the said areas, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole

     (c) An equitable arrangement providing adequate facilities for technical education and vocational training, and adequate opportunities for employment in services under the control of the State Government, in respect of all the said areas, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole.

    Article 371-A: Provisions for Nagaland

    1. (a) No Act of Parliament in respect of—

    (i) Religious or social practices of the Nagas, Naga customary law and procedure, administration of civil and criminal justice, ownership and transfer of land and its resources, shall apply to the State of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland by a resolution so decides.

    (b) The Governor of Nagaland shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Nagaland

    (c) In making his recommendation with respect to any demand for a grant, the Governor of Nagaland shall ensure that any money provided by the Government of India out of the Consolidated Fund of India for any specific service or purpose is included in the demand for a grant relating to that service or purpose and not in any other demand

    (d) As from such date as the Governor of Nagaland may by public notification in this behalf specify, there shall be established a regional council for the Tuensang district consisting of thirty-five members and the Governor shall in his discretion make rules

    Article 371-B: Provisions for Assam

    The President may, by order made with respect to the State of Assam, provide for the constitution and functions of a committee of the Legislative Assembly of the State consisting of members of that Assembly elected from the tribal areas specified in Part 1 of the table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule and such number of other members of that Assembly as may be specified in the order and for the modifications to be made in the rules of procedure of that Assembly for the constitution and proper functioning of such committee.

    Article 371-C: Provisions for Manipur

    1. The President may, by order made with respect to the State of Manipur, provide for the constitution and functions of a committee of the Legislative Assembly of the State consisting of members of that Assembly elected from the Hill Areas of that State, for the modifications to be made in the rules of business of the Government and in the rules of procedure of the Legislative Assembly of the State and for any special responsibility of the Governor in order to secure the proper functioning of such committee.

    2. The Governor shall annually, or whenever so required by the President, make a report to the President regarding the administration of the Hill Areas in the State of Manipur and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of directions to the State as to the administration of the said areas.

    Article 371-D: Provisions for Andhra Pradesh

    1. The President may by order made with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh provide for equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to different parts of the State, in the matter of public employment and education, and different provisions may be made for various parts of the State.

    2. An order made may, in particular,—

    (a) Require the State Government to organize any class or classes of posts in a civil service of, or civil posts under, the State into different local cadres for different parts of the State and allot in accordance with such principles and procedure as may be specified in the order the persons holding such posts to the local cadres so organized;

    3. The President may, by order, provide for the constitution of an Administrative Tribunal for the State of Andhra Pradesh to exercise such jurisdiction, powers and authority

    Article 371-E: Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh

    Parliament may by law provide for the establishment of a University in the State of Andhra Pradesh

    Article 371-F: Provisions for Sikkim

    (a) The Legislative Assembly of the State of Sikkim shall consist of not less than thirty members;

    (b) As from the date of commencement of the Constitution (Thirty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1975 (hereafter in this article referred to as the appointed day)

    Article 371-G: Provisions for Mizoram

    (a) No Act of Parliament in respect of—

    (i) Religious or social practices of the Mizos,

    (ii) Mizo customary law and procedure,

    (iii) Administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Mizo customary law,

    (iv) Ownership and transfer of land shall apply to the State of Mizoram unless the Legislative Assembly of the State of Mizoram by a resolution so decides:

    (b) The Legislative Assembly of the State of Mizoram shall consist of not less than forty members.

    Article 371-H: Provisions for Arunachal Pradesh

    (a) The Governor of Arunachal Pradesh shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Arunachal Pradesh and shall discharge his functions in relation after consulting the Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken:

    (b) The Legislative Assembly of the State of Arunachal Pradesh shall consist of not less than thirty members.

     Article 371-I: Provisions for Goa

    The Legislative Assembly of the State of Goa shall consist of not less than thirty members

    Article 371-J: Provisions for Karnataka

    1. The President may, by order made with respect to the State of Karnataka, provide for any special responsibility of the Governor for

    (a) Establishment of a separate development board for Hyderabad-Karnataka region

    (b) Equitable allocation of funds for developmental expenditure over the said region,

    (c) Equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to the said region, in matters of public employment, education and vocational training

    2. An order made under sub-clause (c) of clause (1) may provide for

    (a) Reservation of a proportion of seats in educational and vocational training institutions in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region for students who belong to that region by birth or by domicile; and  

    (b) Identification of posts or classes of posts under the State Government and in any body or organisation under the control of the State Government in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region and reservation of a proportion of such posts for persons who belong to that region by birth or by domicile and for appointment thereto by direct recruitment or by promotion or in any other manner as may be specified in the order.

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