The Kanha National Park: The Largest Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

The Kanha National Park is situated in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh. The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve. It is spreading across two districts the Mandala and the Kalaghat. Kanha National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955. The picturesque Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling's unforgettable classic Jungle Book.
Created On: Mar 18, 2016 18:18 IST

The Kanha National Park is situated in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh. The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve. It is spreading across two districts the Mandala and the Kalaghat, Kanha. National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955. The picturesque Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling's unforgettable classic Jungle Book.

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Location of the Kanha National Park:

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Tiger at the Kanha National Park:

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Barahsingha at the Kanha National Park:

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  1. The Kanha National Park is spread across the area of 940 sq km in the Maikal chain of hills of Madhya Pradesh.
  2. This vivacious land has been the source of inspiration for Rudyard Kipling, a famous writer for his outstanding creation- "The Jungle Book".
  3. The Kanha National Park is the ideal home for wide ranges of wild creatures; right from the mighty tigers to the most populated Barasingha and the countless species of plants, birds, reptiles and insects.
  4. The best location here to enjoy the most is the Bammi Dadar, also known as the Sunset Point.
  5. Kanha National Park is the only woodland in the country that brings so much of varieties in nature and is magically a home to over 200 species of flowering plants and around 70 species of trees.
  6. The highland forests of Kanha are tropical moist dry deciduous type and bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) on slopes can be discovered easily. The most popular Indian Ghost Tree (Kullu) can also be witnessed in the deciduous area.
  7. The major floras discovered in Kanha Reserve -
    Sal, Saja, Lendia, Dhawa, Tendu, Palas, Bija, Mahua, Aonla, Achar and Bamboo. Besides, there are many species of climbers, forbs and grass can also be found here.
  8. It is the only habitat of the rare hard ground Barasingha, often referred as "the jewel of Kanha" and most famed the Indian Tigers.
  9. Mammals:
    Tiger,Panther, Chital, Sambar , Barasingha , Black buck, Barking deer , Chousingha , Gaur , Langur , Wild pig , Jackal, Sloth bear, Wild dog.
  10. Reptiles:
    Python, Indian Cobra, Russell's Viper, Indian Krait, Common Rat Snake, Common Skink, Indian Monitor, Fan Throated Lizard and Indian Garden Lizard etc.
  11. Fishes:
    Giant Danio, Common Rasbora, Mud Perches, Brown Snakehead and Green Snakehead.
  12. Birds:
    The Reserve brings around 300 species of birds and the most commonly seen birds are the Black Ibis, Bee-eaters, Cattle Egret, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Pond Heron, Drongos, Common Teal, Crested Serpent Eagle, Grey Hornbill, Indian roller, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Little Grebes, Lesser Adjutants, Red Jungle Fowl, Wood shrikes and White-breasted Kingfisher.

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Best Time to Visit-

The climate of this region is tropical. Summers are hot and humid with a maximum and minimum temperature of 40.6°C and 23.9°C. Winters are pleasant with an average maximum and minimum temperature of 23.9°C and 11.1°C, respectively. The annual average rainfall is 152 cm. The park is closed from July to mid-October during monsoon.

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