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Top 10 Deadliest Earthquakes in the World

Sep 11, 2018 16:50 IST
    Top 10 Deadliest Earthquakes in the World

    An earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves. It is also known as a quake, tremor or temblor.

    The theory of Plate Tectonics states that the lithosphere consists of several individual segment called plates. About twenty such plates have been identified in which Pacific plate is the largest plate and Juan de Fuca Plate is the smallest one. Plates margin are three types- Divergent, Convergent and Transform fault boundaries. Most of the seismic activity occurs along these dynamic margins.

    The United States Geological Survey listed top 10 Deadliest Earthquakes in the World which are given below:

    Top 10 Deadliest Earthquakes in the World

    1. Shensi, China

    Deaths: About 830,000

    Date and Year: January 23, 1556

    Magnitude: 8

    Epicentre: Shaanxi province (formerly Shensi), China

    2. Tangshan, China

    Deaths: Official casualty figure is 255,000 deaths. Estimated death toll as high as 655,000.

    Date and Year: July 27, 1976

    Magnitude: 7.5

    3. Aleppo, Syria

    Deaths: About 230,000

    Date and Year: August 9, 1138

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    4. Sumatra, Indonesia

    Deaths: 227, 898

    Date and Year: December 26, 2004

    Magnitude: 9.1

    5. Haiti

    Deaths: 222,570

    Date and Year: January 12, 2010

    Magnitude: 7.0

    6. Damghan, Iran

    Deaths: 200,000

    Date and Year: 22 December, 856

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    7. Haiyuan, Ningxia , China

    Deaths: 200, 000

    Date and Year: December 16, 1920

    Magnitude: 7.8

    8. Ardabil, Iran

    Deaths: 150,000

    Date and Year: March 23, 893

    9. kanto, Japan

    Deaths: 142, 800

    Date and Year: September 1, 1923

    Magnitude: 7.9

    10. Ashgabat, Turkmenistan

    Deaths: 110, 000

    Date and Year: October 5, 1948

    Magnitude: 6.5

    When disasters like earthquakes, wildfires, hurricanes, floods or droughts happen then we still have no way to eliminate. We cope as best we can by fortifying ourselves against the danger with building codes and levees, and by setting aside money to clean up afterwards.

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