What is International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme?

Humans are an integral part of the Earth systems. They occupied a marginal position in the geocentric world. But despite such marginalisation, this programme conceptualises the planet and its functions spoke to the plea for a human agenda to address “our common future”. In this article, we have discussed on the objective and components of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Created On: Mar 11, 2019 13:08 IST
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

Humans are an integral part of the Earth systems. They occupied a marginal position in the geocentric world. But despite such marginalisation, this programme conceptualises the planet and its functions spoke to the plea for a human agenda to address “our common future”.

What is International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme?

The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is a research programme that studies the phenomenon of global change. This programme envisions coordinating international research on global-scale and regional-scale interactions between Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and their interactions with human systems. It was launched in 1987 by International Council of Scientific Union. This programme envisions coordinating international research on global-scale and regional-scale interactions between Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and their interactions with human systems.

The project of this programme encompasses the areas of ocean studies (GLOBEC), land(GLP), atmosphere(IGAC), marine geochemistry (IMBER), land-ocean (LOCIZ), ocean-land(SOLAS) interactions, paleoclimatic studies(PAGES), earth systems as a whole(AIMES).

Components of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

IGBP research is organised around six major components representing the Earth system - land, atmosphere, and ocean and where they meet (land-atmosphere, land-ocean. atmosphere-ocean). It is also working on other components such as carbon, water, human health and food security in joint research with other international global-change programmes.

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Objective of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

The prime objective of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is to provide essential scientific leadership and knowledge of the Earth system to help guide society onto a sustainable pathway during rapid global change. The objective of the IGBP moving around three key elements:

1. The planet: increase
fundamental
knowledge
of
the
Earth
system
and
how
it
changes.

2. The planet under pressure: increase
knowledge
of
how
humans
affect
the
Earth
system, how
the
system

3. Transformation in an era of rapid global change: provide
relevant
and
timely
information
to
decision
makers
that
will
contribute
towards
sustainable
solutions.

IGBP aims to be a world-class provider of Earth System:

1. Expertise

2. Coordination

3. Communication

Hence, we can say that the IGBP research covers major components Geosphere-Biosphere, to play a significant role in the science of global environmental change (GEC) and help society meet the urgent GEC related challenges.

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