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What is International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme?

Mar 11, 2019 13:08 IST
    International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

    Humans are an integral part of the Earth systems. They occupied a marginal position in the geocentric world. But despite such marginalisation, this programme conceptualises the planet and its functions spoke to the plea for a human agenda to address “our common future”.

    What is International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme?

    The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is a research programme that studies the phenomenon of global change. This programme envisions coordinating international research on global-scale and regional-scale interactions between Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and their interactions with human systems. It was launched in 1987 by International Council of Scientific Union. This programme envisions coordinating international research on global-scale and regional-scale interactions between Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and their interactions with human systems.

    The project of this programme encompasses the areas of ocean studies (GLOBEC), land(GLP), atmosphere(IGAC), marine geochemistry (IMBER), land-ocean (LOCIZ), ocean-land(SOLAS) interactions, paleoclimatic studies(PAGES), earth systems as a whole(AIMES).

    Components of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

    IGBP research is organised around six major components representing the Earth system - land, atmosphere, and ocean and where they meet (land-atmosphere, land-ocean. atmosphere-ocean). It is also working on other components such as carbon, water, human health and food security in joint research with other international global-change programmes.

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    Objective of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

    The prime objective of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is to provide essential scientific leadership and knowledge of the Earth system to help guide society onto a sustainable pathway during rapid global change. The objective of the IGBP moving around three key elements:

    1. The planet: increase fundamental knowledge of the Earth system and how it changes.

    2. The planet under pressure: increase knowledge of how humans affect the Earth system, how the system

    3. Transformation in an era of rapid global change: provide relevant and timely information to decision makers that will contribute towards sustainable solutions.

    IGBP aims to be a world-class provider of Earth System:

    1. Expertise

    2. Coordination

    3. Communication

    Hence, we can say that the IGBP research covers major components Geosphere-Biosphere, to play a significant role in the science of global environmental change (GEC) and help society meet the urgent GEC related challenges.

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