Why is the Golconda Fort special?
This fort is located near Hyderabad, the capital city of capital of Telangaga. The fort dates back to 1143, when it was built by the Qutb shahi dynasty. The historic Golconda Fort derives its name from a Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’ which means Shepherd’s. Initially it was a mud fort but later on transformed into granite one during the Qutb shahi dynasty.
Picture of Golconda fort:
Facts about Golconda Fort:
1. This fort is located near Hyderabad, the capital city of capital of Telangana.
2. This fort was built by the Qutb shahi dynasty near 1143.
3. The historic Golconda Fort derives its name from a Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’ which means Shepherd’s.
4. Initially it was a mud fort but later on transformed into granite one during the Qutb shahi dynasty.
5. It was among the biggest fortress in the Deccan plateau, built on a 400 ft. high hill.
6. It comprises of four distinct forts, with a seven km long outer wall that has 87 semi circular bastions, eight gateways, and four drawbridges.
7. It has three lines of massive fortification walls one within the other and rise to a height of over 12 m.
8. The outer most wall was provided with a deep moat all around covering a vast area of the town with a circumference of 7 km.
9. It has 8 imposing gateways and is buttressed with 87 bastions rising to a height of 15 to 18 meters.
10. Each of these bastions was surmounted by cannons of varying caliber rendering the fort impregnable and strong among the forts of the medieval Deccan.
11. It is believed that there is a secret underground tunnel in Golconda Fort, which passes from the ‘Durbar Hall’ to foot of the hill.
12. It was the place of most powerful Muslim sultanates in the region and the centre of flourishing diamond trade.
13. The fort encompassed an entire city within itself, the ruins of which can be seen today as well.
14. The fort comprises the other buildings inside it are; Ashlah Khana, Habshi Kamans (Abyssian arches), camel stable, Taramati mosque, private chambers (kilwat), Nagina bagh, Ramasasa's kotha, Mortuary bath, Ambar khana and Durbar hall etc.
15. The fort has an ingeniously evolved water supply system. water collected by the Persian wheels was stored in overhead tanks at different locations and later on distributed to various mahals, apartments, roof gardens and fountains.