Here we bring you the CBSE Class 9 Science notes on chapter 9 ‘Force and Laws of Force and Laws of Motion’ (Part-I). These chapter notes are prepared by the subject experts and cover every important topic from the chapter. You get a crisp and brief explanation of all these topics so as to make your learning easy and organized. At the end of the notes you can try the questions asked from the discussed set of topics. These questions will help you to track your preparation level and get a hold on the subject.
Main topics covered in this part of CBSE Class 9 Science, Force and Laws of Motion: Chapter Notes, are:
Key notes for Chapter - The Fundamental Unit of Life, are:
A push or pull on a body is called force.
Characteristics of force:
Effects of Force:
Balanced and Unbalanced Forces
(i) Balanced Forces: If the resultant of applied forces is equal to zero, it is called balanced forces.
Foe example: In the tug of war game when the force applied by both teams is equal in magnitude then the rope does not move in either side. This is due to the balanced forces in which resultant of applied forces comes out to be zero.
(i) Unbalanced Forces: If the resultant of applied forces are greater than zero, the forces are called unbalanced forces.
To move an object unbalanced forces are to be applied from the opposite directions. In case of unbalanced forces acting on a body, it moves a in the direction of the greater force.
Unbalanced forces can:
Some Common Forces
Newton’s Laws of Force and Laws of Motion:
There are three laws of Force and Laws of Motion those formed by Newton. They are explained below:
(i) Newton’s First Law of Force and Laws of Motion or Law of Inertia
It states that any object will remain in the state of rest or in uniform Force and Laws of Motion along a straight line, until it is compelled to change the state by applying external force.
Inertia: Defintion: Inertia is a property or tendency of every object to resist any change in its state of rest or of uniform Force and Laws of Motion.
It is measured by mass of an object. The heavier the object, the greater will be its inertia.
Application of Newton's first law of Force and Laws of Motion:
Momentum: The momentum of a body is defined as the product of its mass and velocity.
Thus, momentum = mass × velocity
Or, p = m x v
where, p = momentum
m = mass of the body
v = velocity of the body
The Sl unit of momentum is kilograms meters per second (kg.m/s)
Change in momentum: It is defined as the difference between final momentum and initial momentum. Let u be the initial momentum of a body and v be its final momentum, then
Change in momentum = mv - mu
Rate of change of momentum: The rate at which the momentum of an object is changing is known as rate of change of momentum.
Applications of Momentum:
Try the following questions:
Q1. State and define the SI unit of force.
Q2. When balanced forces act on a stationary body, then the body is deformed True or False
Q3. Why people sitting in bus fall backward when bus suddenly starts?
Q4. Why leaves fall when we are shacking branch of tree?
Q5. What will be the momentum of a stone having mass of 10 kg when it is thrown with a velocity of 2 m/s?