In IAS prelims exam preparation, the MCQs and questions based on the current issues should be given priority. Current affairs and issues on the social, economic and political structure of the nation form the central part of the IAS exam syllabus.
1. Recently, Indian has signed a historical agreement to promote Cooperation in the field of archives with which of the following countries?
A Protocol of Cooperation was signed between the National Archives of India and the Minister of Culture of the Portuguese Republic in the field of archives on 17th May 2017 in Lisbon, Portugal. As a first step under this agreement, the Torre do Tombo (National Archives of Portugal) handed over to the National Archives of India digital copies of 62 volumes of the collection known as ‘Moncoes do Reino’ (Monsoon correspondence).
These volumes were originally part of over 456 volumes that cover the period from 1568 to 1914 and from the largest of all record collections in the Goa State Archives. The collection consists of direct correspondence from Lisbon to Goa and is important primary source for the study of the Portuguese expansion in Asia, their trade rivalries with the Arabs and European powers and their relations with neighbouring Kings in South Asia and East Asia.
2. Recently, the Government of India has signed a $275 million loan with which of the following international institutions for improving urban services in 64 small towns in the State of Madhya Pradesh?
a. Asian Development Bank
b. World Bank
c. BRICS Banks
d. European Union
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $275 million loan on 19th June 2017 for improving urban services in 64 small towns in the State of Madhya Pradesh. The project will develop sustainable, inclusive, and climate-resilient water supply in 64 small and medium-sized towns, and integrated storm-water and sewerage infrastructure in two heritage towns of Khajuraho and Rajnagar. The project supports the State Government’s priority to develop urban infrastructure. Previous ADB urban investments in the state have improved access to safe drinking water for more than 5 million residents in 4 major cities.
Along with ADB’s loan, the Government of Madhya Pradesh will provide counterpart support of $124 million. The project will run for almost five years with an expected completion date of June 2022.
3. Recently, which of the following country is set to announce the monthly expatriate levy on the dependants of expatriates?
c. Saudi Arabia
From July 1, 2017, Saudi Arabia is set to introduce a monthly expatriate levy on the dependants of expatriates in the kingdom. Following the announcement, many Indians employed in Saudi are planning to send their dependents back to the country.
The monthly tax for an expatriate in Saudi Arabia is set to be at 100 riyals, which is approximately Rs 1,700, per month for each dependent. The move is set to hit the crucial Indian expatriate community in the Kingdom. Currently, companies that have more foreigners than locals on their payroll spend 200 riyals every month for every expatriate.
4. Which of the following has become the first state in India to form a government-promoted public policy think-tank on the lines of the Centre’s Niti Aayog?
d. Uttar Pradesh
Recently, Maharashtra has become country’s first state to form a government-promoted public policy think-tank on the lines of the Centre’s Niti Aayog. The Maharashtra Government Cabinet has approved a proposal for setting up the Maharashtra Institute of Public Policy Research in Pune that would act as a think-tank of the state government on policy matters.
The chief minister has retained control over the agency’s functioning by appointing himself as the chairperson of its apex committee.
5. The Presidential election is going to be held in the coming month. Consider the following statements regarding the Presidential election in India:
I. In the Presidential election, the value of the quota is determined by calculating the total number of valid votes cast, dividing it by two and followed by the addition of one vote.
II. The value of each state’s vote is calculated by dividing the population of the state by the number of legislators.
III. Bigger states such as Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh consequently have higher values.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above
During this Presidential election, no electronic voting machine will be used because the election will be held in accordance with proportional representation through the single transferable vote cast in secret.
The ballot paper will not contain any election symbol. There will be two columns in the ballot paper, one containing the name of the candidate and the other featuring the space for stating the order of preference.
Each elector can indicate as many preferences as there are candidates. The winning candidate should ideally get a fixed quota of votes. The value of the quota is determined by calculating the total number of valid votes cast, dividing it by two and followed by the addition of one vote.
If no candidate gets the fixed quota on the basis of first-preference votes, the returning officer will do a second round of counting. The candidate having the lowest value of votes of first preference will be eliminated and his votes will be transferred to the remaining candidates according to the preference marked on the ballot papers for the eliminated candidate.