Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: October 2016 Questions VI
Current Affairs has emerged as the most interesting as well as challenging section of IAS Exam. Better IAS preparation of Current Affairs could play a major role in scoring better in IAS Prelims as well as in IAS Mains Exam.
Current Affairs has emerged as one of the deciding sections of IAS Exam. The IAS aspirants should not take Current Affairs as easy as it seems during IAS Preparation. Better preparation of Current Affairs could play a major role in scoring better in IAS Prelims as well as in IAS Mains Exam.
Looking at the immense importance given to current events in UPSC IAS PRELIMS, we are providing some important questions based on current affairs.
Q1. The government of India recently launched “ZED Scheme”. With which sector is this scheme related to?
a) Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
b) Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)
c) Small Scale Industries (SSI)
d) All types of industries
ZED scheme is an extensive drive to create proper awareness in MSMEs about ZED manufacturing and motivate them for assessment of their enterprise for ZED and support them.
The ZED scheme is an integrated and holistic certification system that will account for quality, productivity, energy efficiency, pollution mitigation, financial status, human resource and technological depth including design and IPR in both products and processes.
The parameters of the scheme will cover all aspects of the existing schemes of Ministry of MSME: Quality Management System (QMS) / Quality Technology Tools (QTT), Lean Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme (LMCS), Design Clinic and Technology and Quality Up-gradation (TEQUP), and Building Awareness on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
After ZED assessment, MSMEs can reduce wastages substantially, increase productivity, expand their market as IOPs, become vendors to CPSUs, have more IPRs, develop new products and processes etc.
Q2. The National Summit on Fortification of Food to combat malnutrition in the country was recently inaugurated. Consider the following statements regarding food fortification:
1. Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients to food.
2. Fortification requires neither changes in existing food patterns, habits nor individual compliance.
Choose the correct statements?
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients (essential trace elements and vitamins) to food. It may be a purely commercial choice to provide extra nutrients in a food, while other times it is a public health policy which aims to reduce the number of people with dietary deficiencies within a population.
Fortification requires neither changes in existing food patterns, habits nor individual compliance. It is socio-culturally acceptable and does not alter the characteristics of the food.
It can be introduced quickly and can produce nutritional benefits for populations in a short period of time. It is safe and cost effective, especially if advantage is taken of the existing technology and delivery platforms.
Q3. The Government of India recently launched the Mining Surveillance System (MSS) for curbing illegal mining activities. Which of the following statements is correct regarding this system?
a) Mining Surveillance System has been developed under the Digital India Programme.
b) Mining Surveillance System will use space technology for curbing illegal mining activity in the country.
c) Ministry of Mines, through ISRO, has developed the Mining Surveillance System.
d) Both (a) and (b)
MSS is a satellite-based monitoring system which aims to establish a regime of responsive mineral administration, through public participation, by curbing instances of illegal mining activity through automatic remote sensing detection technology.
Ministry of Mines, through Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM), has developed the MSS to use space technology for curbing illegal mining activity in the country.
Been developed under the Digital India Programme, MSS is one of the first such surveillance systems developed in the world using space technology. The current system of monitoring of illegal mining activity is based on local complaints and unconfirmed information.
There is no robust mechanism to monitor the action taken on such complaints. Automatic software leveraging image processing technology will generate automatic triggers of unauthorized activities.
A user-friendly mobile app has been created which can be used by these officials to submit compliance reports of their inspections. The mobile app also aims to establish a participative monitoring system where the citizens also can use this app and report unusual mining activity.
Q4. Which of the following Schedule I (Indian Wildlife Act 1972) Indian mammal has the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) decided to put on the critically endangered species list?
a) Dugong Dugong
b) Gangetic dolphin
c) Kashmir Stag
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has recently decided to declare the Kashmiri Red Stag (which is also known as Hangul) as a critically endangered species.
The critically endangered status that is given to the Kashmiri Red Stag will help it to get more protection and enhance the conservation efforts to increase its continuously declining population.
The Kashmir stag is found in dense riverine forests in the high valleys and mountains of the Kashmir Valley and northern Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh. In Kashmir, it's found in the Dachigam National Park where it receives protection but elsewhere it is more at risk.
In the 1940s, the population was between 3000 and 5000 individuals, but since then habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock and poaching have greatly reduced that dramatically. Once found in thousands in the mountains of Kashmir Valley, the population of the famed Kashmir red deer has dwindled to less than 150.
Q5.The union Ministry of Railways has recently declared a section of railways in Gujarat as green train corridor. Consider the following statement regarding this:
1. Green Train Corridors are sections of the railways which will be free of human waste on the tracks.
2. Gujarat is the first state of India to have green train corridor.
Choose the correct statements?
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
Ministry of Railways has taken up this mammoth task of providing human discharge free bio-toilets in all its coaches that will stop discharge of human waste from trains on to the ground and in turn would help in improving cleanliness and hygiene.
The technology has been developed jointly by Indian Railways (IR) and Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO) for railway passenger coaches through a MoU.
Ministry of Railways has inaugurated ‘First Green Train Corridor-Rameswaram-Manamadurai’ free from human waste discharge from trains.
After Rameswarm-Manamadurai, Okha-Kanalas Junction(141 Kms), Porbandar-Wansjaliya (34 Kms) and Jammu-Katra(78 Kms) would also be taken up for making them free from human waste discharge from trains.
This environment friendly, low cost and robust technology is the first of its kind in Railway Systems in the world. In the bio-toilet fitted coaches, human waste is collected in tanks below the toilets and the same is decomposed by a consortium of bacteria.
Q6. Recently in news, “Typhoon Haima” had made landfall in which country?
Typhoon Haima made a landfall in south China’s Guangdong Province triggering sudden downpours in several cities even as authorities rushed to issue warnings against floods, landslides and other weather-related disasters.
About Typhoon Naming:
According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) resolution, the new naming system maintains the numbering method while replaces the original set of unified identifications of typhoons occurring in the Western North Pacific and South China Sea region by a new set of 140 names divided into five groups with each containing 28 names.
Each of 14 Typhoon Committee members from nations and district of the Western North Pacific and South China Sea region provides 10 names.
The new set of 140 typhoon names are from different nations and districts, including not only names of persons, but also nouns of categories such as animals, plants, astrology, places, mythological figures, jewelry, etc.