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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: January 2017 Questions XII

Jan 27, 2017 15:16 IST

    current affairs quiz of January

    Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority.

    Current Issues and Events

    Current affairs should be organized keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS prelims and mains. UPSC IAS prelims preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.

    View Current Affairs quiz December 2016

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. The Union Cabinet has given its approval to ratify the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol on containing the emission of Green House Gases (GHGs). Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) At Doha amendments to Kyoto Protocol, the 2nd commitment period were adopted for the period 2013- 2020.
    2) The targets for the Kyoto Protocol cover emissions of the six main greenhouse gases, namely, Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
    3) The maximum amount of emissions that a Party may emit over a commitment period in order to comply with its emissions target is known as a Party’s assigned amount.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The main goal of the Kyoto Protocol is to control emissions of the main anthropogenic (i.e., human-emitted) greenhouse gases (GHGs) in ways that reflect underlying national differences in GHG emissions, wealth, and capacity to make the reductions. The targets for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol cover emissions of the six main greenhouse gases, namely:

    • Carbon dioxide (CO2);
    • Methane (CH4);
    • Nitrous oxide (N2O);
    • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs);
    • Perfluorocarbons (PFCs); and
    • Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)

    The maximum amount of emissions (measured as the equivalent in carbon dioxide) that a Party may emit over a commitment period in order to comply with its emissions target is known as a Party’s assigned amount.

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    2. Recently, the first stable semi-synthetic organism was created by scientists with two synthetic bases in its genetic code. Which of the following statements are true regarding the DNA and Natural Bases?

    a. Nucleobases are found linked to a sugar within nucleosides
    b. The purine adenine (A) always pairs with the pyrimidine thymine (T)
    c. The pyrimidine cytosine (C) always pairs with the purine guanine (G)
    d. All of the above.

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Nucleobases are nitrogen-containing biological compounds found linked to a sugar within nucleosides which are the basic building blocks of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). They are often called bases in genetics, their ability to form base pairs and to stack upon one another lead directly to the helical structure of DNA and RNA.

    The primary, or canonical, nucleobases are cytosine (DNA and RNA), guanine (DNA and RNA), adenine (DNA and RNA), thymine (DNA) and uracil (RNA), abbreviated as C, G, A, T, and U, respectively. Because A, G, C, and T appear in the DNA, these molecules are called DNA-bases. Adenine and guanine belong to the double-ringed class of molecules called purines (abbreviated as R). Cytosine, thymine, and uracil are all pyrimidines (abbreviated as Y).

    In normal spiral DNA the bases form pairs between the two strands: A with T and C with G. Purines pair with pyrimidines mainly for dimensional reasons - only this combination fits the constant width geometry of the DNA spiral. The A-T and C-G pairings are required to match the hydrogen bonds between the amine and carbonyl groups on the complementary bases.

    Current Affairs Quiz for January 2017 Questions XI

    3. The 68th Republic day was celebrated with great enthusiasm among all Indians. Consider the following statements regarding the significance of the Republic day:

    1) January 26, 1930 was marked as ‘Purna Swaraj Diwas’ by the Indian national Congress.
    2) The Indian Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26th January 1950.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    January 26 has a specific history. It was on January 26, 1930, that the Indian National Congress at its Lahore session passed a resolution demanding ‘Poorna Swaraj’ or full freedom. The Indian Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a federal and democratic governance system. This adoption of the self-drafted constitution system completed the country's transition towards becoming an independent republic.

    Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India. On the other hand, Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.

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    4. Consider the following statements regarding the Bharat Ratan and Padma awards:

    1) Padma Awards are the highest civilian Awards of the country.
    2) They are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
    3) The Bharat Ratna award does not carry any monetary grant.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the country. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position, or gender is eligible for this award. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion. The Award does not carry any monetary grant.

    Padma Awards are given in three categories, viz. Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri, in the decreasing order of importance. The Padma Vibhushan award isgiven for "exceptional and distinguished service", Padma Bhushan award is given for "distinguished service of a high order" and Padma Shri is awarded for "distinguished service".

    Padma awards seeks to recognize work of any distinction and is given for distinguished and exceptional achievements/service in all fields of activities/disciplines, such as art, literature and education, sports, medicine, social work, science and engineering, public affairs, civil service, trade and industry, etc. All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards.

    5. The Union Cabinet has given its post-facto approval for launching of Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana 2017.  This Yogana will be implemented by which institute?

    a. State Bank of India (SBI)
    b. Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)
    c. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    d. All of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has given its post-facto approval for launching of Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana 2017. It is a part of Government’s commitment for financial inclusion and social security. The scheme will be implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) during the current financial year to  provide social security during old age and protect elderly persons aged 60 years and above against a future fall in their interest income due to uncertain market conditions.

    The scheme will provide an assured pension based on a guaranteed rate of return of 8% per annum for ten years, with an option to opt for pension on a monthly / quarterly / halfyearly and annual basis. The differential return, i.e., the difference between the return generated by LIC and the assured return of 8% per annum would be borne by Government of India as subsidy on an annual basis.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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