Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2. |  
  3. Bank Recruitment|  

Enrich your vocab for Bank exam: ‘An identity crisis for the U.K.’

Jan 3, 2017 17:33 IST

    To make you familiarize with new words and contexts, we are bringing to you a passage from ‘The Hindu’(dated December 29th, 2016) and the difficult words from it. These words are highlighted for you so that you can identify and understand how they are applied in a sentence. These words have been explained at the end of the passage with synonyms and antonyms and its usage as well. Hope this helps in your preparation.

    Article: An identity crisis for the U.K.

    In times to come, 2016 will be looked at as a watershed year in British history. In the June 23 referendum on ‘Brexit’, 52 per cent of voters chose to leave the EU. The U.K.’s decision to leave the bloc, a part of its identity for some 40 years, will have deep and far-reaching implications for many aspects of British life – from laws governing travel, environment and health to international trade and the country’s presence on the world stage.

    Six months have passed since Brexit became a reality and the country is now grappling with the ‘how’: administrative, procedural and most importantly, philosophical, questions need to be answered. Prime Minister Theresa May has indicated that she will trigger Article 50, the legal instrument for leaving the EU, in March 2017, beginning an official two-year period for the U.K.’s departure from the EU.

    If the first half of 2016 saw the U.K. consumed by campaigning for the referendum, the second half has seen it trying to manage the implications of its outcome. The government has been criticised for not having a coherent strategy. Administratively, too, the government is grappling with the extraordinary workload generated by Brexit and has set up two new departments to handle its fallout.

    Last month, a note from the consulting firm Deloitte said an additional 30,000 civil servants would need to be hired to cope with the some 500 projects that have emerged from Brexit.

    Next month, the Supreme Court will rule on whether the government needs Parliament’s approval for triggering Article 50. While it is unlikely that Parliament will go against the referendum results, a verdict against the government could put the brakes on Brexit and give Parliament a greater say in the terms of the negotiation. But these are not the only internal legal ramifications.

    Last week, Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon handed Downing Street a memo, ‘Scotland’s Place in Europe’, in which she reiterated that Scotland, which voted to Stay in the EU by a large margin, would like to maintain the structure of its relationship with the bloc. In an ideal world, Ms. Sturgeon says Scotland would stay on in the EU as an independent nation, but for now proposes mechanism to find ways for Scotland to be part of the EU structures, such as the single market, within the framework of a united U.K.

    Challenges before parties

    This year has also been challenging for political parties in Britain, especially the Labour Party. Jeremy Corbyn survived the mass resignation of his shadow cabinet, by reclaiming the party’s leadership which was put to vote in September. However, he has been accused by party moderates of a lack of direction.

    With its working class voters expecting a stand against immigration, and Mr. Corbyn unwilling to “sell out” refugees and immigrants, the party runs the risk of losing some voters — such as working class voters in the Midlands and the North of England to the UKIP, while its moderate urban MPs are threatened by the Liberal Democrats.

    However, the Tories are far from immune to such considerations; the government has a thin majority of 14 MPs in Parliament. If the Brexit they deliver is soft (i.e., the U.K. ends up in a Norway type situation with the free movement of people and paying into the EU budget in exchange for being part of the single market), the Tories will alienate the Right and if it is a hard Brexit (i.e., stricter terms of separation), the more moderate conservatives will be alienated.

    Regardless of what happens, there is an identity crisis that is running through the country including through its political parties, the effects of which will be seen through to 2020 when Britain goes to the polls again, and beyond.

    1. Watershed (noun): An area of land which separates flowing water or an event which is a turning point in the situation

    Synonym: Milestone, lagoon, stage, event

    Antonym: Solid, Increase, Rise, wave off

    Sentence: The water of the rivers like Ganga and Yamuna needs to be cleaned since several people rely on their watersheds for drinking water.

    2. Referendum (noun): is a kind of vote in which all the people in a country/ area are asked to give their opinions.

    Synonym: Election, Poll, vote, mandate

    Antonym: None.

    Sentence: The society’s referendum is required to shift the parking space in the area.

    3. Grappling (verb): It means to engage in a close fight or seize someone.

    Synonym: Wrestle, struggle, tussle, combat

    Antonym: Liberate, release, unfasten, surrender

    Sentence: When the master of the house arrives, dogs run with joy and away from the grappling shackles.

    4. Trigger (verb): a part of the gun that causes the gun to fire when pressed or to initiate something.

    Synonym: Generate, elicit, provoke, spark

    Antonym: Destroy, prevent, halt, block

    Sentence: Every time, he was about to pull the trigger, something or the other comes to his sight and so he missed the shot.

    5. Coherent (adjective): Something whichis logical and consistent.

    Synonym: Rational, articulate, systematic, comprehensible

    Antonym: Confused, obscure, irrational, disorderly

    Sentence: The coherent narrative of the author grabbed my attention.

    6. Verdict(noun): an opinion or a decision after judging the facts which are given at the end of the trial.

    Synonym: Ruling, opinion, arbitratement, deduction

    Antonym: Accusation, suggestion, indictment, foreword

    Sentence: At the trial, the victim pleaded guilty.

    7. Ramifications (noun): is something that is a result of an action or a decision, etc.

    Synonym: Complication, bifurcation, extension, consequence

    Antonym: Whole, reason, aggregate, origin

    Sentence: Her influential power influenced the ramifications of the judgement.

    8. Reiterated (noun): is to saysomething again and again.

    Synonym: Echo, ditto, recap, restate

    Antonym: Take back, elapse, secrete, recant

    Sentence: Movies, nowadays, reiterates the importance of women empowerment.

    9. Alienate(verb): To stop support someone or to stop feeling welcome.

    Synonym: Estrange, wean, disaffect, disunite

    Antonym: Combine, disarm, unite, combine

    Sentence: The Nirbhaya’s incident alienated public sympathy on its victims and everybody demanded death sentences for them.

    10. Immune (adjective): To be protected against a particular disease or not affected by something.

    Synonym: Exempt, insusceptible, allowed, unaffected

    Antonym: Hindered, susceptible, vulnerable, unguarded

    Sentence: Modi’s decision to demonetise will certainly immune us from the disease of corruption.

    Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed

    1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘indication’

    1. Implication
    2. Assumption
    3. Truth
    4. Reality
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: The given word means something which is associated or suggested.Among the given options,  option (1) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘procedural’

    1. Transactional
    2. Forceful
    3. Mechanical
    4. Global
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (3)

    Explanation: The given word refers to the process or system for accomplishing something. Since machines follow a set of procedures to start/ to operate, so option (3) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘negotiation’

    1. Argumentation
    2. Altercation
    3. Meditation
    4. Intervention
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: The given word means to bargain or compromise. From the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘cope’

    1. Refuse
    2. Disappoint
    3. Surrender
    4. Endure
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: The given word implies to manage or confront something. Among the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘Regardless’

    1. Fearless
    2. Nevertheless
    3. Doubtless
    4. Endless
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: The given word depicts in spite of everything. From the given options, option (2) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • By clicking on Submit button, you agree to our terms of use
      ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    Newsletter Signup
    Follow us on
    X

    Register to view Complete PDF