Indian Geography is one of the most important parts of the IAS Prelims Exam Syllabus. The IAS Prelims 2014 exam is scheduled to be conducted on 24 August 2014 by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam notification will be published on 17 May 2014 by the UPSC which will mark the beginning of this year’s IAS exam procedure. The IAS Prelims exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II.
Indian Geography has been directly mentioned in the syllabus of the exam and carries immense importance for the candidates. The candidates need to study the section very thoroughly for the exam. This can be done by going through the NCERT Geography books of Class VI to XII. The NCERT Class VI to X books will help you brush up your basics. While the four NCERT Geography books of Class XI and XII will help you get an advanced understanding of the topics.
Apart from these, you can refer to Goh Cheng Leong’s School book on ‘Certificate Physical and Human Geography’. For map related questions, any good atlas like Oxford student atlas or Orient Blackswan school atlas can be helpful.
The focus areas for Indian Geography for IAS Prelims exam are:
• Many questions are asked related to the crops of the country, their distribution, characteristics etc.
• Questions have regularly been asked related to the location of rivers, national parks and biosphere reserves
• Questions can be asked related to soils and vegetation and their distribution
• The climate and weather with special focus on Indian monsoon is very important for the exam
• Map related questions are frequently asked in the exam
• Questions can be asked related to the Physiographic features of the country including the rivers.
Making notes from the books simultaneously as you read the topics will prove to be highly beneficial for the revision. It’ll also help you memorise and remember things in a better manner. For Indian Geography, it is also very important to relate and interlink the topics that have a relation to each other. For example, the climate, soil and biodiversity of a region are interconnected. Similarly, the climate and soil also have an influence on the agriculture of a region.
Some previous years’ questions are mentioned below:
Q. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?
1. It occupies a linear rift valley.
2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.
3. The land slopes to the west from Central India.
Select the correct Answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
Q. Consider the following crops
Which of these are Kharif crops?
(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2, 3 and 4
Q. When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following:
1. Deep gorges
2. U-turn river courses
3. Parallel mountain ranges
4. Steep gradients causing land-sliding
Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Q. Two important rivers - one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha - merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area.
Which one of the following could be this?
Q. The lower Gangetic plain is characterised by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region?
(a) Paddy and cotton
(b) Wheat and Jute
(c) Paddy and Jute
(d) Wheat and cotton