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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 27 March 2018

Mar 27, 2018 13:29 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 27 March 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 27 March 2018

    Current affairs quizzes given in this article are of greater importance in terms of UPSC IAS Prelims Exam. The IAS aspirants should practice such quizzes on a daily basis because given questions are based on the current burning issues of national and international importance.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. The International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) have signed the Host Country Agreement on 26 March 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.The Agreement will give ISA a juridical personality and gives it the power to contract, to acquire and dispose-off movable and immovable properties, to institute and defend legal proceedings.
    2.Under this agreement, ISA shall enjoy such privileges, applicable tax concessions and immunities as are necessary for ISA’s Headquarter to independently discharge its function and programmes.
    3.The International Solar Alliance is an initiative jointly launched by the Prime Minister of India and President of France on 30th November 2015 at Paris, in the presence of the Secretary-General of the UN, on the sidelines of COP21 UN Climate Change Conference.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), signed the Host Country Agreement here, today. The Agreement will give ISA a juridical personality and gives it the power to contract, to acquire and dispose-off movable and immovable properties, to institute and defend legal proceedings. Under this agreement, ISA shall enjoy such privileges, applicable tax concessions and immunities as are necessary for ISA’s Headquarter to independently discharge its function and programmes. ISA shall be deriving its status, privileges and immunities as per Article 10 of Framework Agreement.

    The International Solar Alliance is an initiative jointly launched by the Prime Minister of India and President of France on 30th November 2015 at Paris, in the presence of the Secretary-General of the UN, on the sidelines of COP21 UN Climate Change Conference. The main objective of ISA is to undertake joint efforts required to reduce the cost of finance and the cost of technology, mobilize more than the US $ 1000 billion of investments needed  by 2030 for massive deployment of solar energy, and pave the way for future technologies adapted to the needs of 121 countries lying fully or partially between the Tropics.

     

    2. GSAT-6A, the second predominantly S-band communications satellite, is set to be launched from Sriharikota on March 29, 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.It will complement GSAT-6, which has been orbiting since August 2000 at 83 degrees East longitude.
    2.A special feature of the GSAT-6A is its 6-metre-wide umbrella-like antenna, which will be unfurled in once it is in space.
    3.It is designated for the use of the Armed Forces and will not add any transponder capacity for general uses.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The second predominantly S-band communications satellite- GSAT-6A, is set to be launched from Sriharikota on March 29. It will complement GSAT-6, which has been orbiting since August 2015 at 83 degrees East longitude. The 2,000-kg-class 6A, costing about ₹270 crore, is a great deal more than a routine communications satellite. It is designated for the use of the Armed Forces and will not add any transponder capacity for general uses, according to sources in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

    A special feature of the GSAT-6A is its 6-metre-wide umbrella-like antenna, which will be unfurled in once it is in space. The antenna is thrice as broad as the antennas generally used in ISRO satellites. It will enable mobile communication from anywhere via hand-held ground terminals. Regular communication satellites with smaller antenna require much larger ground stations, said a former director of ISRO.

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    3. World's longest cave 'Krem Puri' discovered in which of the following states?
    a. Meghalaya
    b. Maharashtra
    c. Sikkim
    d. Karnataka

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The world’s longest sandstone cave named Krem Puri was discovered near Laitsohum village in Mawsynram area in East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. The expedition team was accompanied by two associated scientists from India who conducted ongoing bio-speleological studies of the areas.
    Krem Lumshken, located close to the Mawlongbna Tourism Guest House, proved to be the second longest cave to be explored in 2018, yielding 3,424 m of cave passage.

    Krem Puri Underground Cavern

    • Krem Puri is more than 6,000 metres longer than the world record-holder cave 'Cueva Del Saman' in Edo Zulia, Venezuela, a sandstone cave measuring 18,200 metres.

    • It is known for its complex cave systems hidden under its surging hills.

    • This sandstone cave is also India’s second longest cave in general category after limestone Krem Liat Prah-Umim-Labit system measuring little over 31 km in Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya.

    • Krem Puri cave system also has fossils of dinosaurs, especially Mosasaurus, a giant reptile that lived 66-76 million years ago.

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    4. Recently, a ‘National Conference on Down Syndrome’ was organised by the National Trust under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in New Delhi on March 26, 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.The main objective of the conference was to provide excellent opportunities to the parents to obtain information about latest development in education and skilling and inclusive living of persons with Down syndrome.
    2.A book titled ‘Twilights Children’ based on the lives of people suffering from Down syndrome was also released on the occasion.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    A ‘National Conference on Down Syndrome’ was organised by the National Trust under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in New Delhi on March 26, 2018.
    The conference was inaugurated by Dr. Kamlesh Kumar Pandey, Chairman of National Trust in the presence of Mukesh Jain, JS & CEO of National Trust, Dr. Surekha Ramachandran, Chairperson of Down Syndrome Federation of India and various stakeholders associated with Down syndrome.

    The main objective of the conference was to provide excellent opportunities to the parents to obtain information about latest development in education and skilling and inclusive living of persons with Down syndrome.

    Key highlights

    • The conference provided a common platform to intellectuals from all walks of life to come together and exchange ideas and knowledge on Down syndrome to enable a positive change in the people with Down syndrome.

    • People with Down Syndrome and their parents were also invited to share their inspirational stories.

    • The conference included assessment and screening sessions for the children with Down syndrome.

    • It also included panel discussions on various topics related to the disorder and question-answer sessions with senior doctors of reputed hospitals.

    • A book titled ‘Twilights Children’ based on the lives of people suffering from Down syndrome was also released on the occasion.

    What is Down syndrome?

    • It is a genetic disorder and the most common autosomal chromosome abnormality in humans, where extra genetic material from chromosome 21 is transferred to a newly formed embryo.

    • These extra genes and DNA cause changes in the development of the embryo and fetus resulting in physical and mental abnormalities.

    • The children diagnosed with the condition are likely to have delayed development and behavioural problems.

    • The syndrome has no cure and it occurs in about one per 1,000 babies born each year.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. A little spacecraft of which of the following space agencies of the world will ascend on a Falcon 9 rocket of the SpaceX to go up in the space in the next month?
    a. NASA
    b. ISRO
    c. CNSA
    d. JAXA

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The search for the cosmic real estate is about to begin anew with NASA and SpaceX joining hands for their all-new combined mission. NASA’s little spacecraft, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, or TESS, will ascend on a Falcon 9 rocket of the SpaceX to go up in the space on April 16 at 6:32 PM.

    TESS, abound with cameras and ambition, would be staying between the moon and the Earth for at least two years, scanning the sky for alien worlds. TESS is the latest effort to answer questions that have intrigued mankind for the last 30 years: Is there life outside the Earth? Are there other Earths or is it the only planet with humans? Evidence of even a single microbe anywhere else in the galaxy is sure to stun science. Over a decade ago, astronomers didn’t know if planets outside our solar system existed, too or, if there were any, whether they could ever be discovered or not. But post-1995, after the discovery of a planet circling the sun-like star 51 Pegasi, there has been a revolution.

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