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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 29 January 2018

Jan 29, 2018 20:13 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 29 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 29 January 2018

    Current affairs questions based on recent developments of national and international importance have been the created in this article. In IAS Prelims Exam 2018, questions based on such topics can be asked. So, the practice of such questions will help IAS aspirants to gain impetus during IAS preparation and also they have higher chance to score better in IAS Exam.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the archaeologists have discovered ancient crayon used by our ancestors nearly 10,000 years ago to apply colour to animal skins for artwork in which of the following countries?
    a.  India
    b.  England
    c.  Egypt
    d.  USA

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Archaeologists have discovered ancient crayon used by our ancestors nearly 10,000 years ago to apply colour to animal skins for artwork. Having discovered near Star Carr (what was once Lake Flixton now blanketed in peat), in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, the crayon is made of a red mineral pigment called ochre. It measures 22 millimetres (0.87 inches) long and 7 millimetres (0.28 inches) wide.

    Lake Flixton in England is known to have filled up with artefacts from the Mesolithic period or Middle Stone Age (8000 to 2700 BC). Alongside the "crayon", another ochre pebble was also discovered at another site on the opposite side of the lake. According to researchers (The University of York researchers, who worked in collaboration with the Universities of Chester and Manchester), pre-historic hunter-gatherers across the world used to collect ochre and processed it in different ways during the Middle Stone Age.

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    2. Recently, on the eve of the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit (AICS) to celebrate 25 years of India-ASEAN partnership, Prime Minister, Narendra Modi had separate bilateral meetings with the leaders of Myanmar, Vietnam and Philippines. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.  The leaders of India and the Philippines have agreed on India's Act East Policy and the Philippines' Build-Build-Build Programme, there are several areas for cooperation between private sectors of the two countries and also witnessed the exchange of an MOU between Invest India and Board of Investments of the Philippines.
    2.  India and Vietnam have signed two agreements i.e. on cooperation in the fields of Information & Broadcasting and on the establishment of tracking and data reception station and data processing facility in Vietnam under the ASEAN-India Space Cooperation would give a further boost to India-Vietnam relations.
    3.  The three leaders of the countries Myanmar, Vietnam and Philippines were the chief guests at the 69th Republic Day celebrations on 26th January 2018.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    On the eve of the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit (AICS) to celebrate 25 years of India-ASEAN partnership, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had separate bilateral meetings with Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor of Myanmar, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Prime Minister of Vietnam and Rodrigo Roa Duterte, President of the Philippines on 25 January 2018. Prime Minister welcomed the three leaders to India for participation in the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit and also for accepting the invitation to be Chief Guests at the Republic Day celebrations on 26th January 2018.

    In the meeting with Prime Minister Phuc, the two leaders expressed satisfaction at the growth of bilateral relations between the two countries within the framework of Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, including in the fields of maritime cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region, defence, oil and gas, trade and investment.  The leaders agreed that The two agreements signed during this visit viz., on cooperation in the fields of Information & Broadcasting and on the establishment of tracking and data reception station and data processing facility in Vietnam under the ASEAN-India Space Cooperation would give a further boost to India-Vietnam relations.  They expressed satisfaction at operationalisation of the Line of Credit of US $ 100 million under which L&T has been awarded a contract for the manufacture of the Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs).  They decided that the other Line of Credit of US $ 500 million be operationalised soon.

    During the meeting with President Duterte, the two leaders reviewed the progress in bilateral relations and in the global and regional situation since their meeting in Manila in November 2017.  It was agreed to give further momentum to cooperation between the two countries, particularly in the field of infrastructure development.  They agreed that under India's Act East Policy and the Philippines' Build-Build-Build Programme, there are several areas for cooperation between private sectors of the two countries.  The leaders also witnessed the exchange of an MOU between Invest India and Board of Investments of the Philippines.

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    3. A rare lunar trilogy to occur on 31 January 2018 which will witness the Supermoon, Blue moon, lunar eclipse. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.  This lunar trilogy event is significant since it is happening after 150 years and this celestial event last took place in 1866.
    2.  When the moon is closest to the earth, which is also known as its perigee point, it is called a lunar eclipse.
    3. When the moon comes in the shadow of the Earth it is called the Supermoon.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A rare trilogy which can be witnessed as a Supermoon, Blue moon and a lunar eclipse will occur simultaneously on 31 January 2018. This peculiar lunar event is significant since it is happening after 150 years. Such a celestial event last took place in 1866.

    According to a previous report, the moon rotates in an elliptical orbit around the Earth. When it comes partially in the shadow of the Earth, it is known as the penumbral phase. Soon when it comes complete in the shadow of the Earth it is known as the umbral phase.

    When the moon comes in the shadow of the Earth it is called a lunar eclipse.

    This is followed by the Supermoon. When the moon is closest to the earth, which is also known as its perigee point, it is called the Supermoon.
    Lastly, when the sun, moon, and the earth come in a straight line, it is known as the full moon. Now, when two full moons happen in a gap of 29.5 days, that is, in one month, it is known as Blue Moon.

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    4. According to a research paper published in the Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, the BRICS nations are losing billions of dollars in productivity due to cancer. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1.  India recorded a total productivity loss of $6.7 billion in 2012 due to cancer, representing 0.36% of the GDP.
    2.  In India and China, the lost productivity costs per leukaemia death are relatively high (5 per cent of the total), perhaps because of lack of access to advanced treatment.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are losing billions of dollars in productivity due to cancer, according to a research paper published in the Journal of Cancer Epidemiology. India ranks second in such losses.

    The emerging economies collectively lost nearly $46.3 billion in 2012 on account of cancer-related deaths that could have been prevented with proper treatment and adequate infrastructure, said the paper.

    India recorded a total productivity loss of $6.7 billion in 2012 due to cancer, representing 0.36% of the GDP. This figure is second only to South Africa which recorded $1.9 billion, comprising 0.49% of its GDP.

    While the cost per death of productivity lost in India was under $20,000, the lowest among the BRICS countries, the highest productivity losses – $0.74 billion – because of the lip and oral cancers is alarming. China too recorded a loss of nearly $8 billion in productivity annually due to tobacco smoking.

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    5. Consider the following statements regarding the Resolute Support Mission:
    1.  It is a NATO-led train, advice and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.
    2.  It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014.
    3.  The objective of the mission is to provide training, advice and assistance for Afghan security forces and institutions in their conflict with extremist groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani network, and ISIS-K.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advice and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015. It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014. Its current commander is U.S. Army General John W. Nicholson Jr. who replaced U.S. Army General John F. Campbell on 2 March 2016.

    The objective of the mission is to provide training, advice and assistance for Afghan security forces and institutions in their conflict with extremist groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani network, and ISIS-K. The Resolute Support Mission envisages the deployment of approximately 12,000 personnel from NATO and partner nations in Afghanistan with the central hub at Kabul and Bagram Airfield supporting four spokes.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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