To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.
To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.
1. Recently, India – UAE have signed bilateral investments. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. India has signed a bilateral agreement with UAE in the oil and gas sector under which Indian share of oil will be 10%, i.e. about 2.24 MMTPA at peak production.
2. The second significant Agreement was between the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd (ISPRL) and ADNOC to invest in the strategic crude oil storage facility in Mangalore.
3. UAE will be the first country which will participate in India’s Strategic Petroleum Reserves Programme.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
From a current production of 400,000 barrels per day, the production will peak at 450,000 barrels per day by 2025. Indian share of oil will be 10%, i.e. about 2.24 MMTPA at peak production. Average share for India will be 1.75 MMTPA for next 40 years. Total cumulative share of the Indian consortium will be 70 MMT over the next 40 years.
UAE will be the first country which will participate in India’s Strategic Petroleum Reserves Programme. It is befitting that a strategic partner like the UAE is also India's valued partner in the area of SPR.
The oil storage facility will help boost India’s energy security, as well as enable ADNOC to efficiently and competitively meet market demand in India and across the fast developing south east Asian economies. The initial Oil Storage And Management Agreement was signed in January 2017, during the State Visit by H.H Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed to India as Chief Guest at India’s Republic Day celebrations.
2. Recently, the scientists extracted DNA from the coprolites and used new 'High throughput sequencing' technologies to study the genes of the organism for which they they dung samples of Moa (extinct flightless herbivorous birds) and prehistoric Kakapo (flightless parrots) species. Moa and kakapo were both endemic to which of the following countries?
b. New Zealand
The scientists extracted DNA from the coprolites and used new 'High throughput sequencing' technologies to study the genes of the organism. The dung samples were collected from caves, creeks and river valleys. Their age ranged from 124 to 1,557 years, and belonged to four species of Moa (extinct flightless herbivorous birds) and one prehistoric Kakapo (flightless parrots) species.
Moa and kakapo were both endemic to New Zealand. Moa was a giant bird that weighed almost 250 kg and stood 3.6 metres tall. They found that both the birds ate ectomycorrhizal fungi (fungi that grow on roots of trees).
“A key finding was that the giant birds were eating a wide range of mushrooms and fungi, including species that are critical for the beech forests that are widespread across New Zealand. The brightly coloured mushrooms remain distinctive parts of these forests today, but it appears they were meant to be eaten and then distributed by the moa,” says lead author of the research, Alexander Boast from the University of Adelaide, in a press release.
3. Which of the following States launched ‘DASTAK’ campaign to eradicate Japanese encephalitis?
b. Uttar Pradesh
d. Madhya Pradesh
In February 2018, the Uttar Pradesh Government launched ‘DASTAK’ campaign against Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese encephalitis (JES). The campaign was launched in partnership with the UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund).
As part DASTAK, door to door campaign will be undertaken in 38 JES and AE affected districts, which mostly fall in the Tarai region of the State. These districts contribute to about 60% of total AES cases in the country. The war cry of DASTAK is Darwaja khatkhatao, AES aur JE ko bhagao. Besides the State machinery, Children of 600 schools in the affected areas will also be part of this campaign.
• Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a flavivirus related to dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses, and is spread by mosquitoes.
• JEV is the main cause of viral encephalitis in many countries of Asia with an estimated 68 000 clinical cases every year.
• Although symptomatic Japanese encephalitis (JE) is rare, the case-fatality rate among those with encephalitis can be as high as 30%. Permanent neurologic or psychiatric sequelae can occur in 30%–50% of those with encephalitis.
4. It is with this country, India recently signed a MoU to facilitate access to Duqm port.
c. Saudi Arabia
In February 2018, India and Oman signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Military Cooperation that will facilitate Indian military vessels to get access to Duqm port and dry dock. The MoU was signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Oman.
About Duqm Port
• It is situated on the southeastern seaboard of Oman, overlooking the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.
• With its deep draft, lengthy quay walls, and expansive basin, Port of Duqm has the trappings of a world-class, multipurpose commercial gateway.
• At the heart of Port of Duqm’s appeal is its strategic geopolitical location, far removed from the Strait of Hormuz and the Arabian Gulf.
5. Recently, which country announced its withdrawl from the United Nations Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework?
In Febrauay 2018, Tanzania announced its withdrawl from the United Nations Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework citing security reasons and lack of funds. This withdrawl is a setback for the United Nations (UN), as Tanzania has long been considered as a safe haven for refugees from conflict hit Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.
About United Nations Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework
• It is an outcome of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants (New York Declaration). It was adopted by all 193 Member States of the United Nations in September 2016.
• The declaration calls upon the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to develop and initiate the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in close coordination with relevant States, other UN agencies and stakeholders.
• The CRRF specifies the key elements for a comprehensive response to any large movement of refugees.
• These include rapid and well-supported reception and admissions, support for immediate and on-going needs, assistance for local and national institutions and expanded opportunities for solutions.