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IAS Questions for Prelims: 18 October 2017

Oct 18, 2017 14:12 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 18 October 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 18 October 2017

    In this article, we have covered important policies and issues of national and international importance through quiz format. Such questions created specifically for the IAS Prelims Exam 2018 but it will also help IAS aspirants to get summarised information about the important topics which are relevant for IAS Mains Exam.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) has been started to provide a permanent solution from drought. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. PMKSY aims not only to create irrigation sources but also to create protected irrigation by harnessing rainwater at micro level through ‘Jal Sanchay’ and ‘Jal Sinchan’.
    2. Three ministries are implementing this scheme in mission mode and the Ministry of Water Resources is leading the project.
    3. PMKSY Scheme is being implemented in the mission mode with the help of Command Area Development to complete 99 major and medium irrigation projects covering 76.03 lakh hectares in a phased manner till December 2019.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has said that the government started PMKSY to provide a permanent solution from drought. Three ministries are implementing this scheme in mission mode and the Ministry of Water Resources is leading the project. PMKSY aims not only to create irrigation sources but also to create protected irrigation by harnessing rainwater at micro level through ‘Jal Sanchay’ and ‘Jal Sinchan’. He said it today at the concluding session of India Water Week-2017 organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The theme of the program at the concluding session was "Water and Energy for Inclusive Growth".

    PMKSY Scheme is being implemented in the mission mode with the help of Command Area Development to complete 99 major and medium irrigation projects covering 76.03 lakh hectares in a phased manner till December 2019. As per the Ministry officials, during the year 2016-17, Rs1991.17 crores was allocated for Per Drop More Crop under PMKSY which is 28% more than the Rs1,556.73 crore allocated in the year 2015-16. In 2015-16, 5.7 lakh hectare area was brought under micro-irrigation, while 8.39 lakh hectare area was brought under micro irrigation during 2016-17, which is the highest so far.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. A new Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) Act 2016 which was notified on 22nd March, 2016, has been brought into force with effect from 12th October, 2017. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The Act has enabling provisions for the Government to bring under compulsory certification regime any goods or article of any scheduled industry, process, system or service.
    2. The new Act also allows multiple types of simplified conformity assessment schemes including self-declaration of conformity against a standard which will give simplified options to manufacturers to adhere to the standards and get certificate of conformity. The Act enables the Central Government to appoint any authority/agency, in addition to the BIS, to verify the conformity of products and services to a standard and issue certificate of conformity.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    A new Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) Act 2016 which was notified on 22nd March, 2016, has been brought into force with effect from 12th October, 2017. The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India. The Act has enabling provisions for the Government to bring under compulsory certification regime any goods or article of any scheduled industry, process, system or service which it considers necessary in the public interest or for the protection of human, animal or plant health, safety of the environment, or prevention of unfair trade practices, or national security. Enabling provisions have also been made for making hallmarking of the precious metal articles mandatory.

    The new Act also allows multiple types of simplified conformity assessment schemes including self-declaration of conformity against a standard which will give simplified options to manufacturers to adhere to the standards and get certificate of conformity. The Act enables the Central Government to appoint any authority/agency, in addition to the BIS, to verify the conformity of products and services to a standard and issue certificate of conformity. Further, there is provision for repair or recall, including product liability of the products bearing Standard Mark but not conforming to the relevant Indian Standard. The Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution said that the new Act will further help in ease of doing business in the country, give fillip to Make In India campaign and ensure availability of quality products and services to the consumers.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. The "Exercise INDRA - 2017" to be held from 19 to 29 Oct 2017 which of the following countries?
    a. Iran
    b. Russia
    c. Japan
    d. Sri Lanka

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Giving the Indo-Russian defence cooperation a major boost, Exercise INDRA-2017, the first ever Tri Services Joint Exercise between Indian and Russian Armed Forces will be conducted in the Eastern Military District of Russia from 19 to 29 Oct 2017. Exercise INDRA in its previous nine avatars has been conducted as a single service exercise alternately between the two countries. The year 2017 marks a major milestone as this Exercise has been upgraded to involve all the three Services of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy & Air Force), which further accentuates the importance of Joint Services in the present world environment.

    Exercise INDRA-2017 will be conducted at the 249th Combined Army Range Sergeevisky and in the Sea of Japan near Vladivostok. The Indian contingent will comprise of 350 personnel from Army, 80 from Air Force, two IL 76 aircraft and one Frigate and Corvette each from the Navy. The Russian Federation Armed Forces will be represented by approximately 1000 troops of the 5th Army, Marines and Ships of Pacific Fleet and aircraft from Eastern Military District.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. The pioneer project CHAMAN has been reviewed by the Ministry of Agriculture recently. Consider the following statements regarding the project CHAMAN:
    1. The project called CHAMAN (Coordinated programme on Horticulture Assessment and Management using geo informatics) was implemented at a cost of Rs. 13.38 crore for duration of three years starting 2014 till 2017.
    2. This project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) using remote sensing technology and is likely to be completed in March 2018.
    3. Under the project, the remote sensing technology and sample survey techniques has been used for production forecasting of major horticultural crops in select districts.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Radha Mohan Singh has said that in order to provide strategic development to the horticulture sector, so as to increase farmers’ income, a pioneer project called CHAMAN, has been launched three years back by the Government. This project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) using remote sensing technology and is likely to be completed in March 2018. This was told by Radha Mohan Singh in New Delhi today during a presentation on CHAMAN.

    CHAMAN is a pioneer project in which remote sensing technique is being used for strategic development of horticulture sector as also to increase the farmers’ income. It gives methodology for preparing reliable estimates of horticulture crops. The Horticulture sector provides nutrient rich crops to the people and better remunerative prices to the farmers thereby augmenting their income. It also provides higher employment opportunities in the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. Thus it has gained significant prominence in the recent years. It is a matter of pride that India is the Second largest producer of Vegetables and Fruits in the world and is First in the production of Banana, Mango, Lime and Lemon, Papaya and Okra.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. The scientists from Aarhus University in Denmark have unveiled the long-term impact of the melting of the Greenland ice sheet. Consider the following statements regarding impact of the Greenland ice sheet:
    1. As per the study, melting ice is causing coastal waters in Greenland to become more saline, which may in turn affect marine life as well as the global ocean currents that keep Europe warm.
    2. The glaciers have been observed to melt and retreat and the researchers know that today’s meltdown of the Greenland ice sheet has more than doubled compared with the period 1983-2003.
    3. Now, unique annual measurements made within the framework of the ‘Greenland Ecosystem Monitoring Program’ since 2003 in northeast Greenland tell a clear tale — fresh water from the ice sheet accumulates in the surface layers of the surrounding sea and flows into the Greenland fjords.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Melting ice is causing coastal waters in Greenland to become less saline, which may in turn affect marine life as well as the global ocean currents that keep Europe warm, a study warns. For the first time, scientists from Aarhus University in Denmark have unveiled the long-term impact of the melting of the Greenland ice sheet.

    Impact on fjords

    The observed increase in freshwater content will affect the conditions in all Greenland fjords, researchers pointed out. Over the years, the dramatic meltdown of ice in the Arctic Ocean has received great attention and is easy to observe through satellite images. Also, glaciers have been observed to melt and retreat and the researchers know that today’s meltdown of the Greenland ice sheet has more than doubled compared with the period 1983-2003.

    IAS Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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