Maharashtra State Board HSC Geography Syllabus, Pattern and Marks Allotment

Students can check here Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus for the common elective subject of Science, Commerce and Arts streams i.e. Geography mentioning Pattern and Marks scheme for Class 11th as well as Class 12th.

Maharashtra State Board HSC Geography Syllabus
Maharashtra State Board HSC Geography Syllabus

Maharashtra Board Higher Secondary level syllabus for Geography subject of Class 11th and Class 12th is available here. The new syllabus of Maharashtra HSC Geography subject has been revised as per the curriculum of NCF and SCF and also after considering geography subject syllabus of some other states. The Geography subject up to secondary level is included in social studies which is a combination of History, Geography and Civics. However, from Class 11th onwards, the subject is taught separately therefore, the syllabus has been designed on basis of all the topics studied by students up to class 10th. Students who are studying or will be starting the new session of Maharashtra Board HSC can check here complete syllabus for Geography subject including examination scheme, units, and detailed topics.

Highlights of Maharashtra Board HSC Geography Syllabus:

  • The Geography subject can be selected by students of all stream i.e. Commerce, Arts as well as Science stream as an elective subject as they need to study seven subjects at HSC Level which includes 3 compulsory subjects and 4 elective subjects.
  • The 100 marks weightage for Geography subject is 80 marks for Theory paper and 20 marks for Practicals/Oral/Projects.
  • The subject Geography is given 8 periods per week (For Arts, Commerce & Science Students) which includes 4 periods for Theory learning, 3 periods for Practical and 1 period for Tutorials.
  • The types of question asked in Maharashtra HSC Geography paper are –
  1. Objective Types – one mark questions
  2. Short Answer Types – two or three marks questions
  3. Long Answer Types – four or five marks questions

Maharashtra Board Class 11th Geography Syllabus –


Detailed Syllabus

Unit 1: Physiography

  • Mountains
  • Plateaus
  • Plains

Unit 2: Movements of the earth

  • Rocks
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes

Unit 3: Climate

  • Temperature
  • Pressure
  • Precipitation

Unit 4: Drainage System & Water resources

  • Main rivers
  • Lakes
  • Availability of water
  • Usage
  • Water scarcity

Unit 5: Oceans & Marine eco system

  • Structure of ocean floor
  • Archipelago group of Island
  • Marine eco system
  • Ocean resources

Unit 6: Natural Vegetation

  • Distribution
  • Importance of forests
  • Deforestation

Unit 7: Biomes and Biodiversity

  • Types of Biomes
  • Biodiversity

Unit 8 : Disaster

  • Natural disaster
  • Manmade disaster

Maharashtra State Board HSC English Syllabus

Maharashtra Board Class 12th Geography Syllabus –


Detailed Syllabus

Unit 1: Population

  • Growth, density, distribution
  • Sex ratio Literacy
  • Race, religion and Language

Unit 2: Migration

  • Migration

Unit 3: Agriculture

  • Types of agriculture
  • Crop distribution

Unit 4: Minerals and energy resources

  • Distribution

Unit 5: Industries

  • Agro-based
  • Mineral based
  • Other industries
  • Distribution

Unit 6: Trade

  • International trade
  • International trade organisation

Unit 7: Transportation and Communications

  • Types of Transportation
  • Modes of Communications

Unit 8: Economic developments

  • Global situation
  • Human development

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