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MBA Verbal Ability Questions & Answers – Critical Reasoning Set-II

Nov 15, 2016 12:59 IST

    1. India has a great future in space technology. It has already launched several satellites for other countries and many scientific and educational institutions. India is also able to provide these services at a fraction of the cost American and European Space Agencies charge. This itself shows that sky is the limit for the ISRO and its scientists. Again, it is no mean achievement that the American NASA has entered into collaboration with the ISRO for a major scientific experiment in 2020. India has enjoyed the benefit of some exceptionally brilliant scientists who headed space research programmes. However, there have been some failures. For instance, in 2010, India’s experiment with cryogenic engine technology was a disaster. However, each failure only helped the scientists learn their mistakes and rightly move ahead. That is the right attitude in any scientific endeavor, as the latest success amply shows.

    Which of the following statements strengthens the conclusion of the above paragraph?

    a) Failure in India’s experiment with cryogenic engine technology has made it to move one step backward.

    b) It is quite expensive for Indian Space organisations to launch a satellite.

    c) Indian scientists are helping other international space organisations to build and launch several satellites.

    d) Indian scientists are constantly failing in their attempt to launch a satellite.

    2. Reverence for sadhus-sants, ascetics and yogis have been ingrained in Indian culture from the beginning. They were looked upon as enlightened beings who lead the ordinary mortal on the path of righteousness and spiritualism. The very definition of such terms stand turned on their head today with charlatans taking over with a web of deceit to trap people. Simple tricks such as producing vibhuti out of thin air or showing honey dripping from the feet are enough to draw the worshippers who, surprisingly include high ranking politicians and well known celebrities.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) The Religious Gurus these days are mostly trickster and charlatans.

    b) Earlier Religious Gurus were considered as the mortals living on the path of righteousness and spiritualism.

    c) Politicians and Celebrities also worship the Religious Gurus.

    d) The followers of Religious Gurus comprises of only those people who are poor and needy.

    3. Payments banks, an extension of PPIs, require low capex and tie-up with kirana stores and petrol pumps to offer banking services to small businesses and low-income households. RBI’s past experience with new banking models has been bitter. Urban cooperative bank licences in the mid-90s led to a disaster with the RBI failing to supervise them. Banks promoted by individuals either failed or were merged. With large businesses entering banking, it is essential to ensure a robust risk management and regulatory compliance system.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) Payment bank is a new banking model of RBI to offer banking services to small businesses and low-income households.

    b) RBI has always succeeded in the implementation of new banking models.

    c) Urban cooperative bank licences and banks promoted by individuals failed badly in mid-90s.

    d) A strong risk management and regulatory compliance system is required for the success of new large business houses entering the banking sector.

    4. Instead of crisis management, the government should find a long-term solution to onion price volatility by increasing productivity of onion growers and introducing long-overdue market reforms. As against the global average of 20 tonnes per hectare, the average yield of onions in India is only 15 tonnes per hectare. A rise in productivity is the only response that can benefit consumers without hurting farmers. Onion farmers should be provided incentives to use yield-enhancing inputs. There should be modern storage facilities for perishable commodities, rural infrastructure must be improved and radical reforms implemented in the agricultural marketing system. As of now, onion growers receive less than half the price consumers pay. This calls for revamping the supply chain to bridge the gap between producers and consumers. The multiplicity of intermediaries and their commissions are the curse of our farm sector as a whole. At least the political nature of onions must prompt the government to introduce long overdue reforms.

    Which of the following statement can be inferred from the above passage?

    a) In India, onion production is less in terms of average tonne yield per hectare.

    b) Price volatility can be controlled by lowering the price of onions.

    c) Onion farmers are getting huge profits with high yields.

    d) Intermediaries are helping farmers and customers to buy and sell onion at cheap rates.

    5. India does not need such artificial constructs for celebrations. There are two military achievements that do every Indian proud. One is the victory in the 1971 war at the end of which Pakistan was dismembered and Bangladesh was born. The ‘Vijay Divas’ celebrated on December 16 is a commemoration of this victory. The Indian Navy also celebrates the day it pounded Karachi (December 4) as Navy Day. The victory in the Kargil “war” is also considered a feather in the Indian Army’s cap. Thus, there is no dearth of victories to celebrate. One lesson India should draw from the two wars is that lack of vigil allowed Pakistan to gain an initial advantage in the Rann of Kutch in 1965 and the Kargil heights it captured in 1999. What India needs to do is to step up vigilance so that no country — big or small — can take it by surprise.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) India has lot of military achievements when it comes to war with Pakistan.

    b) India helped Bangladesh in its independence from Pakistan.

    c) India’s vigilance system is full proof when it comes to border issues with neighboring countries.

    d) Indian Navy won the Karachi war from Pakistan.

    6. Investment guru Warren Buffet once famously said, ‘Our holding period is forever.’ Realty developers in the country seem to be following it to a T. Undeniably, land is a capital asset and developers aren’t parting with it even if it means sitting on huge unsold inventory. Evidence shows that the market is out of whack. As per the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), residential prices in India’s 10 cities grew between 40 and 78 per cent — something that RBI Governor wants developers to correct. Little wonder, fewer and fewer are buying homes. And those buying are basically investors. There’s excess supply and high demand for luxury homes, but moderate supply in the mid-segment and high demand but less supply for low-cost, affordable housing. In contrast, urban housing shortage is at 18.78 million units, of which 56 per cent falls in the economically weaker category and 39 per cent in lower income groups.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) There is high supply of luxury homes.

    b) There is high demand for luxury homes.

    c) There is low demand for affordable housing.

    d) There is low supply for affordable housing.

    7. India has favoured creation of a contract company amenable to global stakeholders. The Indian suggestion is that under the new system, the body managing Internet should have “accountability towards governments” in areas where “governments have primary responsibility, such as security and similar public policy concerns”. India has also raised concerns over jurisdiction in case there is any dispute among people affected by Internet. While abuse of powers by governments must be zealously watched, there should be no quarrel with their legitimate concerns on public policies. India’s stand on a multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance has been broadly supported by the ICANN president and CEO but there are bones of contention on the specifics of governance.

    In reference to the passage, what does the phrase ‘bone of contention’ means?

    a) To take on a task that is way too big.

    b) Dealing with the problem if and when it becomes necessary.

    c) A subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    d) When you are extremely desperate you need to take drastic actions.

    8. Food habits are more often than not linked to geography and ground reality than faith and belief. Many refugees from Syria would perhaps eat whatever they can lay their hands on rather than follow what is spelt out in the scriptures. An Indian from the fertile plains of the Ganges might swear by a vegetarian diet, but another from the nation’s long coastal belt would be much less enthused if a ban on non-vegetarian diet were to be imposed. For the latter, the most plentiful in availability and one which offers adequate nourishment at an affordable price, by all accounts, cannot but be sea food. While vegetarianism is catching up in a big way globally, the fact remains that even in India; the numbers are skewed in favour of the non-vegetarians.

    Which of the following statement can be assumed from the above paragraph?

    a) In India, mostly people are vegetarians.

    b) In India, food habits are followed on the basis of old faith and beliefs rather than on geographical basis.

    c) Globally, people are non-vegetarians.

    d) In India, ban on non-vegetarian diet are imposed by the politicians.

    9. Unfortunately, some of them are also recruited by agencies inimical to the state. They lack the ability to differentiate and get carried away when extremism is couched in religious terminology. When the state is unable to provide free education to children who attend madrassas, their closure cannot be an option. In some states like Gujarat, madrassas provide modern education using tools such as computers and the Internet along with religious education. The Maharashtra government’s decision should encourage the madrassas to change their syllabi so that students acquire the skills necessary to compete in the job market. Once they have acquired the basic skills, those interested can go in for higher studies in Islamic History and Theology. Alas, the present system is aimed at keeping a section of the Muslim community in darkness, which is not in the interest of either the community or the country.

    After acquiring the basic skills, the author of the passage suggests what kind of education to be considered as option for higher studies?

    a) History and Biology

    b) Islamic History and Vedic Math

    c) Islamic History and Biology

    d) Islamic History and Theology

    10. Haryana has become the second state after Rajasthan to make educational qualification mandatory for candidates to contest Panchayati raj elections. As per an amendment to the Panchayati Raj Act, contestants should have passed Class X (VIII in case of women and Scheduled Castes), have a toilet at home and should not have defaulted on loans or have outstanding power bills. Besides, they should not have been charge sheeted for criminal offences. On the face of it, the move appears sound enough; the government argues that it will improve governance, in particular management of finances, at the grass-roots level. Nonetheless, it inevitably raises several questions. For one, it could be seen as an elitist and worse, discriminatory decision.

    Which of the following statement can be assumed from the above paragraph?

    a) Panchayati Raj Elections are held every year in the villages.

    b) Panchayati Raj Elections can be contested by any candidate belonging to a particular State where the elections are going to happen.

    c) Earlier educational qualification was mandatory for contesting Panchayati Raj Elections only in Rajasthan.

    d) Candidates who contest Panchayati Raj Elections are from the elite section of society.

    Answers:

    Ques 1

    Ques 2

    Ques 3

    Ques 4

    Ques 5

    Ques 6

    Ques 7

    Ques 8

    Ques 9

    Ques 10

    c

    d

    b

    a

    c

    c

    c

    b

    d

    c

    Explanation:

    In this section we will explain the rationale for choosing the answer pertaining to every question. After practicing these MCQ(s), you would be able to understand the concepts of Critical Reasoning.

    Explanation (1): The paragraph clearly states that the American NASA has entered into collaboration with the ISRO for a major scientific experiment in 2020. Hence, option c) will strengthens the conclusion of the above paragraph.

    Explanation (2): The passage clearly indicates that the followers of Religious Gurus comprises of rich people like high ranking politicians and well known celebrities. Hence, option d) weakens the conclusion of the above passage.

    Explanation (3): Option b) weakens the conclusion of the passage as the passage clearly mentions that RBI’s past experience with new banking models has been bitter.

    Explanation (4): As against the global average of 20 tonnes per hectare, the average yield of onions in India is only 15 tonnes per hectare. Therefore, it can be inferred that in India, onion production is less in terms of average tonne yield per hectare.

    Explanation (5): The passage clearly states that lack of vigil by India allowed Pakistan to gain an initial advantage in the Rann of Kutch in 1965 and the Kargil heights it captured in 1999. Hence, option c) weakens the conclusion of the above passage.

    Explanation (6): The passage clearly states that there is excess supply and high demand for luxury homes, but moderate supply in the mid-segment and high demand but less supply for low-cost, affordable housing. Hence, option c) weakens the conclusion of the passage.

    Explanation (7): The phrase ‘bone of contention’ means a subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    Explanation (8): It can be assumed that in India, food habits are followed on the basis of old faith and beliefs rather than on geographical basis. An Indian from the fertile plains of the Ganges might swear by a vegetarian diet, but another from the nation’s long coastal belt would be much less enthused if a ban on non-vegetarian diet were to be imposed.

    Explanation (9): The author clearly suggests in the passage that once the students studying in madrassas have acquired the basic skills, those interested can go in for higher studies in Islamic History and Theology.

    Explanation (10): The first line of the paragraph clearly states that Haryana has become the second state after Rajasthan to make educational qualification mandatory for candidates to contest Panchayati raj elections. Hence, it can be assumed that earlier educational qualification was mandatory for contesting Panchayati Raj Elections only in Rajasthan.

    For Practicing more concepts of Verbal Ability for you targeted MBA Entrance Exam, keep visiting jagranjosh.com

    1. India has a great future in space technology. It has already launched several satellites for other countries and many scientific and educational institutions. India is also able to provide these services at a fraction of the cost American and European Space Agencies charge. This itself shows that sky is the limit for the ISRO and its scientists. Again, it is no mean achievement that the American NASA has entered into collaboration with the ISRO for a major scientific experiment in 2020. India has enjoyed the benefit of some exceptionally brilliant scientists who headed space research programmes. However, there have been some failures. For instance, in 2010, India’s experiment with cryogenic engine technology was a disaster. However, each failure only helped the scientists learn their mistakes and rightly move ahead. That is the right attitude in any scientific endeavor, as the latest success amply shows.

    Which of the following statements strengthens the conclusion of the above paragraph?

    a) Failure in India’s experiment with cryogenic engine technology has made it to move one step backward.

    b) It is quite expensive for Indian Space organisations to launch a satellite.

    c) Indian scientists are helping other international space organisations to build and launch several satellites.

    d) Indian scientists are constantly failing in their attempt to launch a satellite.

     

     

    2. Reverence for sadhus-sants, ascetics and yogis have been ingrained in Indian culture from the beginning. They were looked upon as enlightened beings who lead the ordinary mortal on the path of righteousness and spiritualism. The very definition of such terms stand turned on their head today with charlatans taking over with a web of deceit to trap people. Simple tricks such as producing vibhuti out of thin air or showing honey dripping from the feet are enough to draw the worshippers who, surprisingly include high ranking politicians and well known celebrities.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) The Religious Gurus these days are mostly trickster and charlatans.

    b) Earlier Religious Gurus were considered as the mortals living on the path of righteousness and spiritualism.

    c) Politicians and Celebrities also worship the Religious Gurus.

    d) The followers of Religious Gurus comprises of only those people who are poor and needy.

     

     

    3. Payments banks, an extension of PPIs, require low capex and tie-up with kirana stores and petrol pumps to offer banking services to small businesses and low-income households. RBI’s past experience with new banking models has been bitter. Urban cooperative bank licences in the mid-90s led to a disaster with the RBI failing to supervise them. Banks promoted by individuals either failed or were merged. With large businesses entering banking, it is essential to ensure a robust risk management and regulatory compliance system.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) Payment bank is a new banking model of RBI to offer banking services to small businesses and low-income households.

    b) RBI has always succeeded in the implementation of new banking models.

    c) Urban cooperative bank licences and banks promoted by individuals failed badly in mid-90s.

    d) A strong risk management and regulatory compliance system is required for the success of new large business houses entering the banking sector.

     

     

    4. Instead of crisis management, the government should find a long-term solution to onion price volatility by increasing productivity of onion growers and introducing long-overdue market reforms. As against the global average of 20 tonnes per hectare, the average yield of onions in India is only 15 tonnes per hectare. A rise in productivity is the only response that can benefit consumers without hurting farmers. Onion farmers should be provided incentives to use yield-enhancing inputs. There should be modern storage facilities for perishable commodities, rural infrastructure must be improved and radical reforms implemented in the agricultural marketing system. As of now, onion growers receive less than half the price consumers pay. This calls for revamping the supply chain to bridge the gap between producers and consumers. The multiplicity of intermediaries and their commissions are the curse of our farm sector as a whole. At least the political nature of onions must prompt the government to introduce long overdue reforms.

    Which of the following statement can be inferred from the above passage?

    a) In India, onion production is less in terms of average tonne yield per hectare.

    b) Price volatility can be controlled by lowering the price of onions.

    c) Onion farmers are getting huge profits with high yields.

    d) Intermediaries are helping farmers and customers to buy and sell onion at cheap rates.

     

     

    5. India does not need such artificial constructs for celebrations. There are two military achievements that do every Indian proud. One is the victory in the 1971 war at the end of which Pakistan was dismembered and Bangladesh was born. The ‘Vijay Divas’ celebrated on December 16 is a commemoration of this victory. The Indian Navy also celebrates the day it pounded Karachi (December 4) as Navy Day. The victory in the Kargil “war” is also considered a feather in the Indian Army’s cap. Thus, there is no dearth of victories to celebrate. One lesson India should draw from the two wars is that lack of vigil allowed Pakistan to gain an initial advantage in the Rann of Kutch in 1965 and the Kargil heights it captured in 1999. What India needs to do is to step up vigilance so that no country — big or small — can take it by surprise.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) India has lot of military achievements when it comes to war with Pakistan.

    b) India helped Bangladesh in its independence from Pakistan.

    c) India’s vigilance system is full proof when it comes to border issues with neighboring countries.

    d) Indian Navy won the Karachi war from Pakistan.

     

     

    6. Investment guru Warren Buffet once famously said, ‘Our holding period is forever.’ Realty developers in the country seem to be following it to a T. Undeniably, land is a capital asset and developers aren’t parting with it even if it means sitting on huge unsold inventory. Evidence shows that the market is out of whack. As per the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), residential prices in India’s 10 cities grew between 40 and 78 per cent — something that RBI Governor wants developers to correct. Little wonder, fewer and fewer are buying homes. And those buying are basically investors. There’s excess supply and high demand for luxury homes, but moderate supply in the mid-segment and high demand but less supply for low-cost, affordable housing. In contrast, urban housing shortage is at 18.78 million units, of which 56 per cent falls in the economically weaker category and 39 per cent in lower income groups.

    Which of the following statements weakens the conclusion of the above passage?

    a) There is high supply of luxury homes.

    b) There is high demand for luxury homes.

    c) There is low demand for affordable housing.

    d) There is low supply for affordable housing.

     

     

    7. India has favoured creation of a contract company amenable to global stakeholders. The Indian suggestion is that under the new system, the body managing Internet should have “accountability towards governments” in areas where “governments have primary responsibility, such as security and similar public policy concerns”. India has also raised concerns over jurisdiction in case there is any dispute among people affected by Internet. While abuse of powers by governments must be zealously watched, there should be no quarrel with their legitimate concerns on public policies. India’s stand on a multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance has been broadly supported by the ICANN president and CEO but there are bones of contention on the specifics of governance.

    In reference to the passage, what does the phrase ‘bone of contention’ means?

    a) To take on a task that is way too big.

    b) Dealing with the problem if and when it becomes necessary.

    c) A subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    d) When you are extremely desperate you need to take drastic actions.

     

     

    8. Food habits are more often than not linked to geography and ground reality than faith and belief. Many refugees from Syria would perhaps eat whatever they can lay their hands on rather than follow what is spelt out in the scriptures. An Indian from the fertile plains of the Ganges might swear by a vegetarian diet, but another from the nation’s long coastal belt would be much less enthused if a ban on non-vegetarian diet were to be imposed. For the latter, the most plentiful in availability and one which offers adequate nourishment at an affordable price, by all accounts, cannot but be sea food. While vegetarianism is catching up in a big way globally, the fact remains that even in India; the numbers are skewed in favour of the non-vegetarians.

    Which of the following statement can be assumed from the above paragraph?

    a) In India, mostly people are vegetarians.

    b) In India, food habits are followed on the basis of old faith and beliefs rather than on geographical basis.

    c) Globally, people are non-vegetarians.

    d) In India, ban on non-vegetarian diet are imposed by the politicians.

     

     

    9. Unfortunately, some of them are also recruited by agencies inimical to the state. They lack the ability to differentiate and get carried away when extremism is couched in religious terminology. When the state is unable to provide free education to children who attend madrassas, their closure cannot be an option. In some states like Gujarat, madrassas provide modern education using tools such as computers and the Internet along with religious education. The Maharashtra government’s decision should encourage the madrassas to change their syllabi so that students acquire the skills necessary to compete in the job market. Once they have acquired the basic skills, those interested can go in for higher studies in Islamic History and Theology. Alas, the present system is aimed at keeping a section of the Muslim community in darkness, which is not in the interest of either the community or the country.

    After acquiring the basic skills, the author of the passage suggests what kind of education to be considered as option for higher studies?

    a) History and Biology

    b) Islamic History and Vedic Math

    c) Islamic History and Biology

    d) Islamic History and Theology

     

     

    10.  Haryana has become the second state after Rajasthan to make educational qualification mandatory for candidates to contest Panchayati raj elections. As per an amendment to the Panchayati Raj Act, contestants should have passed Class X (VIII in case of women and Scheduled Castes), have a toilet at home and should not have defaulted on loans or have outstanding power bills. Besides, they should not have been charge sheeted for criminal offences. On the face of it, the move appears sound enough; the government argues that it will improve governance, in particular management of finances, at the grass-roots level. Nonetheless, it inevitably raises several questions. For one, it could be seen as an elitist and worse, discriminatory decision.

    Which of the following statement can be assumed from the above paragraph?

    a) Panchayati Raj Elections are held every year in the villages.

    b) Panchayati Raj Elections can be contested by any candidate belonging to a particular State where the elections are going to happen.

    c) Earlier educational qualification was mandatory for contesting Panchayati Raj Elections only in Rajasthan.

    d) Candidates who contest Panchayati Raj Elections are from the elite section of society.

     

    Answers:

     

    Ques 1

    Ques 2

    Ques 3

    Ques 4

    Ques 5

    Ques 6

    Ques 7

    Ques 8

    Ques 9

    Ques 10

    c

    d

    b

    a

    c

    c

    c

    b

    d

    c

     

    Explanation:

     

    In this section we will explain the rationale for choosing the answer pertaining to every question. After practicing these MCQ(s), you would be able to understand the concepts of Critical Reasoning.

    Explanation (1): The paragraph clearly states that the American NASA has entered into collaboration with the ISRO for a major scientific experiment in 2020. Hence, option c) will strengthens the conclusion of the above paragraph.

    Explanation (2): The passage clearly indicates that the followers of Religious Gurus comprises of rich people like high ranking politicians and well known celebrities. Hence, option d) weakens the conclusion of the above passage.

    Explanation (3): Option b) weakens the conclusion of the passage as the passage clearly mentions that RBI’s past experience with new banking models has been bitter.

    Explanation (4): As against the global average of 20 tonnes per hectare, the average yield of onions in India is only 15 tonnes per hectare. Therefore, it can be inferred that in India, onion production is less in terms of average tonne yield per hectare.

    Explanation (5): The passage clearly states that lack of vigil by India allowed Pakistan to gain an initial advantage in the Rann of Kutch in 1965 and the Kargil heights it captured in 1999. Hence, option c) weakens the conclusion of the above passage.

    Explanation (6): The passage clearly states that there is excess supply and high demand for luxury homes, but moderate supply in the mid-segment and high demand but less supply for low-cost, affordable housing. Hence, option c) weakens the conclusion of the passage.

    Explanation (7): The phrase ‘bone of contention’ means a subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    Explanation (8): It can be assumed that in India, food habits are followed on the basis of old faith and beliefs rather than on geographical basis. An Indian from the fertile plains of the Ganges might swear by a vegetarian diet, but another from the nation’s long coastal belt would be much less enthused if a ban on non-vegetarian diet were to be imposed.

    Explanation (9): The author clearly suggests in the passage that once the students studying in madrassas have acquired the basic skills, those interested can go in for higher studies in Islamic History and Theology.

    Explanation (10): The first line of the paragraph clearly states that Haryana has become the second state after Rajasthan to make educational qualification mandatory for candidates to contest Panchayati raj elections. Hence, it can be assumed that earlier educational qualification was mandatory for contesting Panchayati Raj Elections only in Rajasthan.

     

    For Practicing more concepts of Verbal Ability for you targeted MBA Entrance Exam, keep visiting jagranjosh.com

     

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