For the benefit of UPSC NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam aspirants, we are providing practice questions on Indian History. This practice set consists of 10 Questions along with answers and detailed explanations.
1. Who wrote the epic poem - Gita Govinda?
1. (a) Jayadeva
Jayadeva, also known as Jaidev, was a Sanskrit poet during the 12th century. He is most known for his epic poem Gita Govinda, which concentrates on Krishna's love with the cowherdess, Radha in a rite of spring. This poem, which presents the view that Radha is greater than Krishna, is considered an important text in the Bhakti movement of Hinduism.
2. The Chola kings ruled over
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) North East India
2. (b) Tamil Nadu
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in southern India. The Cholas are most well-known for their excellent navy, temple architecture (vimana and dravida styles) and the art of sculpture, which attained its peak during these times. The image of dancing Shiva (Natraj) belongs to the Cholas only.
3. The last Governor-General of the East India Company as well as the first Viceroy under the British Crown was
(a) Lord Elgin
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Dalhousie
3. (b) Lord Canning
After the 1857 Sepoy Revolt, the control of India was shifted from the East India Company to the British crown. Consequently, the Governor-General came to be called the Viceroy. The Viceroy was assisted by a Viceroy’s Council and the Secretary of State for India used to report to the British Parliament, which was under the Queen.
4. Who among the following was the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi?
(a) Gopal Krishan Gokhale
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Aurobindo Ghosh
(d) Lala Lajpat Rai
4. (a) Gopal Krishan Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the greatest parliamentarian India ever had, carefully trained Gandhiji in politics and economics. Upon Gandhiji’s return from South Africa in 1915, Gokhale advised him to study the situation by travelling to different parts of India to understand the public mood.
5. Who among the following said that India’s soul lives in her villages?
(a) Vinoba Bhave
(b) Jai Prakash Narayan
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Mahatma Gandhi
5. (d) Mahatma Gandhi
The statement “India’s soul lives in her villages” clearly implies Gandhiji’s perception that if we wanted to ensure an overall development of the nation, we need to look to its villages, which even today make for 65% of its population. Unless these villages experience swaraj, no real progress is possible.
6. Who among the following founded the ‘Kesari’ newspaper?
(a) Swami Vivekananda
(b) B G Tilak
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Rabindranath Tagore
6. (b) B G Tilak
Both Mahratta and Kesri were used by Tilak as a medium of nationalistic propaganda against the British rule and he went to jail many times due to this. His sharp criticism of British policies often landed him in trouble with the power that be. He is most commonly associated with the struggle for press freedom in India.
7. Who was the court poet of Harshvardhna in the seventh century?
a) Vishnu Sharma
7. (d) Banabhatt
Banabhatt wrote Harshcharita, an account of Harsha’s rule. Harshvardhan’s capital was Kannauj. A staunch Buddhist, he also convened a grand Buddhist assembly in Kannauj. The famous Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang visited India to study the Mahayana Buddhism in the then Nalanda University.
8. Who among the following is the first woman governor of a state in independent India?
a) Durgabai Deshmukh
b) Sucheta Kriplani
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Vijay Laxmi Pandit
8. (c) Sarojini Naidu
A well-known English poetess, she wrote the Morning Song of India. Sarojini Naidu is also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India. She was a freedom activist and poetess who served as the first governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949. She became the second woman to be the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925.
9. Who among the following gave the call - Go Back To Vedas?
a) Rabindranath Tagore
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Jyotiba Phule
d) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Ans. (d) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Swami Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj, had made this call. He wrote the classic Satyarth Prakash. He was quite a forward-looking man and supported a healthy mix of ancient Vedic knowledge and modern thought. Along with Swami Vivekananda, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the late 19th century India.
10. Who among the following Mughal rulers fled India after his defeat in the Kannauj War?
Ans. (b) Humayun
After reaching Agra, Humayun and his brother Kamran decided to fight Sher Shah in the Battle of Kannauj (1540), but due to their mutual differences, Humayun fought the Battle of Kanauj and lost it. Humayun had to become a fugitive.