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Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam Part-2

Feb 1, 2017 19:19 IST

    Union Budget 2017 Quiz 2

    The Union Budget of India is a comprehensive display of the Government's estimated revenue and expenditure for a particular year. It also includes estimates for the next fiscal year, known as budgeted estimates. The Department of Economic Affairs under the Union Ministry of Finance is tasked with the preparation of the budget.

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    The Union Budget 2017 was broadly focused on 10 broad themes such as farmers, rural population, youth, poor, health care for the underprivileged, infrastructure, and financial sector for stronger institutions, speedy accountability, public services, prudent fiscal management and the tax administration for the honest.

    Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

    We will continue to provide the Union Budget 2017 questions for IAS Exam on the crucial reforms of the year, vital for IAS Prelims 2017. Here we are providing the second part in questions based on Union Budget 2017.

    1. The Union Budget 2017 is committed to provide employment and basic infrastructure to rural Population. Consider the following achievements mentioned in Budgetary speech taking rural population as the distinctive theme:

    1) Women participation in MGNREGA has declined to 45% from 48%.
    2) The Pace of construction of PMGSY roads accelerated to 133 km roads per day in 2016-17.
    3) Sanitation coverage in rural India has gone up from 42% in Oct 2014 to about 60%.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 2
    c.  2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Union Budget 2017 is committed to provide employment and basic infrastructure to rural Population. Some recorded achievements of 2016 in rural population sector are as follows:

    • Over 3 lakh crores spent in rural areas for rural poor from Central Budget, State Budgets, Bank linkage for self-help groups, etc.
    • Women participation in MGNREGA has increased to 55% from less than 48%.
    • Pace of construction of PMGSY roads accelerated to 133 km roads per day in 2016-17, against an avg. of 73 km during 2011-2014.
    • Government has taken up the task of connecting habitations with more than 100 persons in left wing extremism affected Blocks under PMGSY.
    • Allocation for Prime Minister's Employment Generation Program and Credit Support Schemes has been increased three fold.
    • Sanitation coverage in rural India has gone up from 42% in Oct 2014 to about 60%. Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages are now being given priority for piped water supply.

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    2. Consider the following statements regarding the Youth Skilling Programmes launched in the Union Budget 2017:

    1) SANKALP program will be launched to enable students to virtually attend courses taught by the best faculty.
    2) STRIVE programme will provide market relevant training to 3.5 crore youth.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Union Budget 2017 is committed to energise youth through education, skills and jobs. Some points regarding the Youth Skilling Programmes launched in the Union Budget 2017 are as follows:

    • SWAYAM platform will be launched with at least 350 online courses. This would enable students to virtually attend courses taught by the best faculty.
    • The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras will be extended to more than 600 districts across the country. 100 India International Skills Centres will be established across the country.
    • Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion programme (SANKALP) to be launched at a cost of 4000 crores. SANKALP will provide market relevant training to 3.5 crore youth
    • Next phase of Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) will also be launched in 2017-18 at a cost of 2,200 crores.
    • A scheme for creating employment in the leather and footwear industries along the lines in Textiles Sector to be launched

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    3. Consider the following Heath sector targets mentioned in the Union Budget 2017:

    1) Government has prepared an action plan to eliminate Kala-Azar and Filariasis by 2017.
    2) An Action plan has been prepared to reduce IMR from 39 to 28 by 2019.
    3) Two new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences to be set up in Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Union Budget 2017 is committed to better the health facilities in the country and also target the vaccination machinery of rampant diseases. Some of the health targets are mentioned below:

    • Under Maternity Benefit Scheme 6,000 each will be transferred directly to the bank accounts of pregnant women who undergo institutional delivery and vaccinate their children.
    • Government has prepared an action plan to eliminate Kala-Azar and Filariasis by 2017, Leprosy by 2018, Measles by 2020 and Tuberculosis by 2025 is also targeted.
    • Action plan has been prepared to reduce IMR from 39 in 2014 to 28 by 2019 and MMR from 167 in 2011-13 to 100 by 2018-2020.
    • To create additional 5,000 Post Graduate seats per annum to ensure adequate availability of specialist doctors to strengthen Secondary and Tertiary levels of health care.
    • Two new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences to be set up in Jharkhand and Gujarat.

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    4. According to the Union Budget 2017, the SWAYAM platform will be launched with at least 350 online courses. The SWAYAM platform has being indigenously developed under which ministry?

    a. Ministry of Human Resource Development  
    b. Ministry of Home Affairs
    c. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
    d. None of the above.

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    SWAYAM is a programme initiated by Government of India and designed to achieve the three cardinal principles of Education Policy that are access, equity and quality. The objective of this effort is to take the best teaching learning resources to all, including the most disadvantaged.

    SWAYAM seeks to bridge the digital divide for students who have hitherto remained untouched by the digital revolution and have not been able to join the mainstream of the knowledge economy.

    SWAYAM platform is indigenously developed by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) with the help of Microsoft and would be ultimately capable of hosting 2000 courses and 80000 hours of learning.

    5. Consider the following provisions in the Constitution of India with regard to the enactment of the budget:

    1) No demand for a grant shall be made except under appropriation made by law.
    2) No money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India except on the recommendation of the President.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Constitution of India contains the following provisions with regard to the enactment of the budget:

    • The President shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India in that year.
    • No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the President.
    • No money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India except under appropriation made by law.
    • No money bill imposing tax shall be introduced in the Parliament except on the recommendation of the President, and such a bill shall not be introduced in the Rajya Sabha.
    • No tax shall be levied or collected except by authority of law.

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