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UPSC CDS (I) 2018 Exam: English Question Paper

Feb 8, 2018 17:35 IST
    UPSC CDS I 2018 Exam English Question Paper
    UPSC CDS I 2018 Exam English Question Paper

    The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducted the Combined Defence Services (CDS) (I) Examination 2018 on 4 February 2018. The exam consisted of three papers – General Knowledge, English and Elementary Mathematics.

    For the benefit CDS aspirants, we are providing the complete English exam question paper below.

    1. S1 : First and foremost, there are order and safety in our civilization.

    S6: Nobody may come and break into my house and steal my goods.

    P : Thus in disputes between man and man, right has taken the place of might.

    Q : If today I have a quarrel with another man, I do not get beaten merely because I am physically weaker.

    R : I go to law, and the law will decide fairly between the two of us.

    S : Moreover, the law protects me from robbery and violence.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) R Q P S

    (b) S R Q P

    (c) Q R P S

    (d) P R S Q

    2. S1 : In democratic countries, men are equal before the law.

    S6: And they live like this not for fun, but because they are too poor to afford another room.

    P : While some few people live in luxury, many have not enough to eat, drink and wear.

    Q : There are many families of five or six persons who live in a single room.

    R : But the sharing-out of money which means the sharing-out of food and clothing and houses – is still very unfair.

    S : In this room they sleep and dress and wash and eat, and in this same room they die.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) R P Q S

    (b) P R S Q

    (c) Q S P R

    (d) S P R Q

    3. S1: Tomorrow it will be a year since we lost our great leader.

    S6: Though he is no more with us, the qualities he possessed and die ideals he cherished remain with us.

    P : To these he added a feminine sensitiveness to atmosphere.

    Q : He was involved in the major events of his time.

    R : He participated in them all while maintaining the highest standards of public conduct.

    S : He was incomparably the greatest figure in our history – a man of dynamic force, intellectual power and profound vision.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) P S R Q

    (b) R Q P S

    (c) R P Q S

    (d) S P Q R

    4. S1 : It would be possible to adduce many examples showing what could be done with the limited means at our ancestor’s disposal in the way of making life comfortable.

    S6: I hope, in this essay, to make that connection manifest.

    P : What have comfort and cleanliness to do with politics, morals, and religion ?

    Q : But look more closely and you will discover that there exists the closest connection between the recent growth of comfort and the recent history of ideas.

    R : They show that if they lived in filth and discomfort, it was because filth and discomfort fitted in with their principles, political, moral and religious.

    S : At a first glance one would say that there could be no causal connection between arm chairs and democracies, sofas and the family system, hot baths and religious orthodoxy.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) P R Q S

    (b) R P S Q

    (c) Q S R P

    (d) Q S P R

    5. S1 : To most people, the term technology conjures up images of mills or machines.

    S6: It includes ways to make chemical reactions occur, ways to breed fish, plant forests or teach history.

    P : The classic symbol of technology is still the assembly line created by Henry Ford half a century ago.

    Q : The invention of the horse collar in the Middle Ages led to changes in agricultural methods and was as such a technological advance.

    R : Moreover, technology includes techniques, as well as the machines that may or may not be necessary to apply them.

    S : This symbol, however, has always been inadequate, for technology’ has always been more than factories and machines.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) S P R Q

    (b) P S Q R

    (c) R S P Q

    (d) Q S R P

    9. S1 : Roderick Usher has always been a quiet person who talked little of himself

    S6: In the part of the country where he lived, the “House of Usher” had come to mean both the family and its ancestral mansion.

    P : Many of his ancestors had been famous for their artistic and musical abilities.

    Q : Others were known for their exceptional generosity and charity.

    R : Yet I did know that his family was an old one.

    S : So I did not know too much about him.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) P Q R S

    (b) S R Q P

    (c) S P R Q

    (d) S R P Q

    10. S1 : Mass production has increased the tendency to view things as useful rather than delightful.

    S6: Indeed, a lowering of quality usually results when mass production is substituted for more primitive methods.

    P : These various things share nothing with the buttons except money value.

    Q : All the rest you wish to exchange for food, shelter, and many other things.

    R : Suppose you arc a manufacturer of buttons : however excellent your buttons may be, you do not want more than a few for your own use.

    S : And it is not even the money value of the buttons that is important to you : what is important is profit which may be increased by lowering their quality.

    The correct sequence should be

    (a) P Q R S

    (b) R Q P S

    (c) S P Q R

    (d) Q R P S



    Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word/words followed by four words. Select the option that is opposite in meaning to the underlined word/words and mark your response on your Answer Sheet accordingly.

    11. It was a mystery as to where the young girl had acquired such a naive belief.

    (a) credulous

    (b) childlike

    (c) wise

    (d) innocent

    12. It’s the only treatment suitable for


    (a) insufficient

    (b) impertinent

    (c) befitting

    (d)  congenial

    13. Some of the criticisms which they had to put up were very unfair.

    (a) scold

    (b) scorn

    (c) appreciation

    (d) censure

    14. I would beg of all friends not to rush to Birla house nor try to dissuade me or be anxious about me.

    (a) certain

    (b) composed

    (c) careless

    (d) heedless

    15. It could not have been expected that, with such a bent of mind of the people, there should have been much activity for the cultivation of the physical sciences in this part of the world.

    (a) dull

    (b) dormant

    (c) indolence

    (d) idle

    16. Indian culture has been, from time immemorial, of a peculiar cast and mould.

    (a) common

    (b) customary

    (c) natural

    (d) familiar

    17. The princess charming was the centre of attraction today.

    (a) enchanting

    (b) hypnotic

    (c) repulsive

    (d) fascinating

    18. Macbeth is a/an abominable Figure.

    (a) abhorrent

    (b) repugnant

    (c) reputable

    (d) attractive

    19. Terrorists profess fanatical ideology

    (a) bigoted

    (b) militant

    (c) moderate

    (d) fervid

    20. Rakesh is vulnerable to political pressure

    (a) weak

    (b) unguarded

    (c) exposed

    (d) resilient



    Each of the following sentences in this section has a blank space with lout words or group of words given. Select whichever word or group of words you consider most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

    One of India’s greatest musicians is M S Subbulakshmi,  affectionately known to most people as M.S. Her singing has brought_______.

    21. (a) sorrow to millions of people not only

    (b) joy

    (c) boredom

    (d) pain

    22. ______all parts of India, but in

    (a) over

    (b) on

    (c) in

    (d) with

    23. ______countries around the world as well.

    (a) strange countries

    (b) unknown

    (c) other

    (d) familiar

     24. ______October 1966 Subbulakshmi was invited to

    (a) Within

    (b) On

    (c) In

    (d) By

    25. ______in New’ York, where people of

    (a) dance

    (b) sing

    (c) speak

    (d) enjoy

    26. ______countries listened to her music

    (a) many foreign

    (b) few

    (c) backward

    (d) all

    27. ______This was one of the greatest

    (a) attentively.

    (b) quietly.

    (c) indifferently.

    (d) boldly.

    28. ______ever given to any musician. For

    (a) awards

    (b) honours

    (c) prizes

    (d) recognitions

    29. ______together M.S. kept that international

    (a) seconds

    (b) minutes

    (c) hours

    (d) days

    30. ______spell-bound with the beauty of her voice and her style of singing

    (a) spectator

    (b) audience

    (c) viewer

    (d) businessmen


    31. The Second Anglo-Maratha War had shattered the______

    (a) power

    (b) dignity

    (c) time

    (d) patience

    32. Maratha chiefs, but not their spirit. The____________

    (a) disappearance

    (b) empowerment

    (c) loss

    (d) disappointment

    33.freedom rankled in their hearts. They made a last ______attempt

    (a) horrible attempt

    (b) desperate

    (c) poor

    (d) strong

    34. The lead to regain their independence and old______ in 1817.

    (a) prestige

    (b) army

    (c) rebellion

    (d) infantry

    35. The lead in organizing a united front of the Maratha chiefs was taken by the Peshwa who was smarting under the________ control exercised by the British Resident.

    (a) pleasant

    (b) satisfying

    (c) rigid

    (d) orthodox



    Given below are some idioms / phrases followed by four alternative meanings to each. Choose the response (a), (b), (c) or (d) which is the most appropriate expression

    36. A hot potato

    (a) A dish to relish when it is hot

    (b) A very important person in a gathering

    (c) An issue which is disputed, and catching the attention of people

    (d) A way of thinking what someone is thinking

    37. You snooze, you lose.

    (a) Don’t take it lightly

    (b) Don’t be over-enthusiastic

    (c) Don’t hesitate to do it

    (d) Don’t be pessimistic

    38. 1 don’t buy it.

    (a) I don’t believe it

    (b) I have no money

    (c) I summarize it

    (d) I don’t need it

    39. My two cents.

    (a) My money

    (b) My opinion

    (c) My decision

    (d) My explanation

    40. Out of the blue.

    (a) Undoubtedly

    (b) Unexpectedly

    (c) Unbelievably

    (d) Unconcerned

    41. What a small world

    (a) What a coincidence

    (b) What a challenging task

    (c) What a narrow space

    (d) What a beautiful place

    42. Down the road.

    (a) In future

    (b) In the past

    (c) At present

    (d) No particular time

    43.Raising eyebrows.

    (a) To show surprise

    (b) Criticize

    (c) Support

    (d) Instruct

    44. Step up the plate.

    (a) Take control

    (b) Take a job

    (c) Take a responsibility

    (d) Take an opportunity

    45. The Holy Grail.

    (a) The pious place of worship

    (b) An important object or goal

    (c) A very important place

    (d) Someone’s destination of life

    46. You scratch my back. I’ll scratch yours.

    (a) Mutual favour

    (b) Mutual understanding

    (c) Mutual respect

    (d) Mutual disliking

    47. At the drop of a hat.

    (a) Without any hesitation

    (b) When attempt fails and it’s time to start all over

    (c) To further a loss with mockery

    (d) Judging other’s intentions too much

    48. Ball is in your court.

    (a) Be happy at the dance / ball room

    (b) It’s up to you to make the decision

    (c) A very powerful person

    (d) Not speaking directly about an issue

    49. Best of both worlds.

    (a) A happy person who is the best with all

    (b) All the advantages

    (c) To take on a task that is way too big

    (d) Someone whom everybody likes

    50. Costs an arm and a leg.

    (a) Severe punishment to someone

    (b) Too much consciousness about one’s body

    (c) Two difficult alternatives

    (d) Something very expensive


    51. In the face of the overwhelming mass of evidence against hint, we cannot______ him of the crime.

    (a) punish

    (b) absolve

    (c) release

    (d) ignore

    52. I hope that the rain will_______ for our picnic tomorrow.

    (a) keep off

    (b) put off

    (c) set back

    (d) stay out

    53. After the marathon, some of the competitors felt completely________________

    (a) cut up

    (b) done in

    (c) done out

    (d) run out

    54. Scarcely _____________ the teacher entered the class when he heard the noise.

    (a) did

    (b) has

    (c) had

    (d) will have

    55. I do not think he will ever ______________ the shock of his wife’s death

    (a) get by

    (b) get off

    (c) get through

    (d) get over

    56. It is no use in crying over _________

    (a) spoilt milk

    (b) spirited milk

    (c) split milk

    (d) spilt milk

    57. You must go to the station now. your brother _______ go just yet as his train leaves after three hours.

    (a) shouldn’t

    (b) mustn’t

    (c) wouldn’t

    (d) needn’t

    58. Every rash driver becomes a _________killer.

    (a) sure

    (b) reckless

    (c) potential

    (d) powerful

    59. The country owes a deep debt of __________ for the freedom fighters.

    (a) patriotism

    (b) sincerity

    (c) remembrance

    (d) gratitude

    60. The whole lot of young men was enthusiastic but your friend alone was_____________

    (a) quarrelsome

    (b) complaining

    (c) a wet blanket

    (d) sleepy


    Select the option that is nearest in meaning for the underlined word/words.

    61. A truly respectable old man is a ripe person

    a) senior

    b) mature

    c) rejected

    d) repelled

    62. The soldiers repulsed the enemy

    a) defeated

    b) destroyed

    c) rejected

    d) repelled

    63. She deftly masked her feelings

    a) hid

    b) flaunted

    c) oblique

    d) obscured

    64. Vendors must have licence.

    a) One who drives a car

    b) One who works in a hospital

    c) One who is employed in food serving

    d) One engaged in selling

    65. They will not admit children under fourteen

    a) avow

    b) receive

    c) accept

    d) concede

    66. The jewels have been stolen from her bedroom

    a) embezzled

    b) asserted

    c) yielded

    d) abdicated

    67. The soldiers showed an exemplary courage

    a) flawed

    b) faulty

    c) ideal

    d) boisterous

    68. They served fruits after the dinner

    a) assisted

    b) obliged

    c) waited

    d) offered

    69. The committee should recommend his name to the government

    a) praise

    b) advise

    c) counsel

    d) suggest

    70. Can medicines save us from death?

    a) hide

    b) rescue

    c) protect

    d) liberate



    Each of the following items in this section consists of a sentence the parts of which have been jumbled. These parts have been labeled P, Q, R and S. Given below each sentence are four sequences namely a, b, c and d. You are required to rearrange the jumbled parts of the sentence and mark your response accordingly.


    P- the British manufacturers

    Q- popularity of Indian textiles

    R- were jealous of the

    S- from the very beginning

    The correct sequence should be

    a) P Q R S

    b) S P Q R

    c) S P R Q

    d) Q R S P


    P- dress fashions changed and light cotton

    Q- of the English

    R- textiles began to replace

    S- the coarse woolens

    The correct sequence should be

    a) P R S Q

    b) R S P Q

    c) Q P R S

    d) S P R Q


    P- put pressure on their government

    Q- Indian goods in England

    R- the British manufacturers

    S- to restrict and prohibit

    The correct sequence should be

    a) P Q R S

    b) S P R Q

    c) R P S Q

    d) Q R S P


    P- however

    Q- still held their own in foreign markets

    R- in spite of these laws

    S- Indian silk and cotton textiles

    The correct sequence should be

    a) Q P R S

    b) S P R Q

    c) S R P Q

    d) R P S Q


    P-  and it led to rapid economic development

    Q- the Industrial Revolution

    R- transformed the British

    S- society in a fundamental manner

    The correct sequence should be

    a) S P R Q

    b) Q P R S

    c) Q R S P

    d) S R P Q


    P-  Muhammad Iqbal

    Q- the philosophical and religious outlook of people through his poetry

    R- profoundly influenced

    S- one of the greatest poets of modern India

    The correct sequence should be

    a) Q R S P

    b) S R Q P

    c) S R P Q

    d) S P R Q


    P- to accept any of the important

    Q- disillusionment

    R- demands of the nationalists produced

    S- the failure of the British government

    The correct sequence should be

    a) S PR Q

    b) P Q R S

    c) S R Q P

    d) Q R P S


    P- showed that a backward

    Q-  the rise of

    R-  modern Japan after 1868

    S- Asian country could develop itself without Western control

    The correct sequence should be

    a) P Q R S

    b) S R Q P

    c) P R Q S

    d) Q R P S


    P- and the current Hindu emphasis

    Q- and urged the people to imbibe the spirit of free thinking

    R- on rituals, ceremonies and superstitions

    S- Vivekananda condemned the caste system

    The correct sequence should be

    a) P Q R S

    b) S PR Q

    c) S P Q R

    d) R P S Q

    80. Mr. John

    P- who was hardly six months old

    Q- Charles

    R- as his son

    S- adopted

    The correct sequence should be

    a) S Q R P

    b) P S Q R

    c) R S P Q

    d) P R S Q


    Directions :

    The error is marked with bold

    81. The best way in which you can    open the bottle is  by putting it into hot water first      No error

    82. Somebody who I enjoy reading is Tagore No error

    83. Electricity companies areworking throughout days and nights to repair the damage No error

    84. The student’s test results were pleasant No error

    85. The thirds of the book were rubbish No error

    86. You will be  answerable forthe court with any lies you have told No error

    87. She felt terribly anxious for haveto sing in front of such a large audience No error

    88. I don’t agree  with smacking children  if they do something wrong  No error

    89. The fruit               can be made    to jam                   No error

    90. I asked him         what he             has done             No error

    91. There have been a tornado watch   issued for Texas country  until eleven O’clock tonight    No error

    92. Although the Red Cross accepts blood from the donors the nurses will not leave you give blood,   if you have just had cold                No error

    93. A prism is used to refract white light     so it spreads out    in a continuous spectrum      No error

    94. Because of the movement of a glacier,   the form     of the Great Lakes was very slow   No error

    95. The new model costs        twice more than               last year’s model              No error

    96. Gandhiji always regretted for the factthat people gave him adulation while what he wanted  was acceptance of his way of life               No error

    97. The party              was ousted in power      after twelve years            No error

    98. He was     held in the prevention of Terrorism act     No error

    99. He has great fascination   for each and everything    that are connected with drama   No error

    100. It’s no secret      that the President wants to         have a second term of office      No error


    Directions :

    In this section you have few short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First, read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.


    Overpopulation is the most pressing of India’s numerous and multi-faceted problems. In fact, it has caused equally complex problems such as poverty, undernourishment, unemployment and excessive fragmentation of land, Indisputably, this country has been facing a population explosion of crisis dimensions. It has largely diluted the fruits of the remarkable economic progress that the nation has made during the last four decades or so. The entire battle against poverty is thwarted by the rapid increase in the population. The tragedy is that while over population accentuates poverty, the country’s stark poverty itself is in many areas a major cause of over population

    101. What is the irony behind the over population of India?

    a) Over population gives birth to poverty, which (poverty) itself is the cause of over population

    b) Under nourishment and unemployment are outcomes of flawed economic progress

    c) Fragmentation of land is leading to over population

    d) Fruits of the remarkable economic progress are trickling down to the poor

    102. What is the general tone of the passage?

    a) funny / humorous

    b) sombre

    c) didactic

    d) tragic

    103. What, in the author’s view, severely affects the economic growth of our country?

    a) poverty

    b) illiteracy

    c) over population

    d) None of the above

    104. What, according to the author, is the biggest reason behind over population?

    a) under nourishment

    b) unemployment

    c) excessive fragmentation of land

    d) poverty

    105. “It has largely diluted the fruits of the remarkable economic progress”. Find antonym of the underlined word

    a) coalesced

    b) compounded

    c) cheapened

    d) consolidated


    To eat and not be eaten – that’s the imperative of a caterpillar’s existence. The leaf roller reduces its risks of being picked off by predators by silking together a temporary shelter in which to feed and rest. Adopting a different line of defense, the jelly slug extrudes a sticky translucent coating that may foul the mouth parts of marauding ants. For its part, the aquatic larva, by its watery element, fashions a portable hideout from fragments of aquatic leaves. Cutting a serpentine trail as it feeds on tender young leaves, the minute citrus leaf miner spends its entire larval life inside its host plant, thus keeping its appetizing body safely under wraps.

    106. Which varieties of caterpillars ‘build’ shelters to protect themselves?

    a) Leaf roller and aquatic larva

    b) Leaf roller and jelly slug

    c) Jelly slug and aquatic larva

    d) Jelly slug and citrus leaf miner

    107. Which one of the following caterpillars produces a sticky covering?

    a) Leaf roller

    b) Jelly slug

    c) Aquatic larva

    d) Citrus leaf miner

    108. Which one of the following pairs of words in the passage describes enemies of the caterpillar?

    a) Serpentine and host

    b) Predator and marauding

    c) Serpentine and marauding

    d) Predator and host

    109. Which one of the following makes itself unpalatable?

    a) Leaf roller

    b) Jelly slug

    c) Aquatic larva

    d) Leaf miner

    110. The main idea of the passage is that caterpillars

    a) like to eat a lot

    b) have to protect themselves while feeding

    c) are good to eat

    d) are not good to eat


    I have always opposed the idea of dividing the world into the Orient and the Occident. It is, however, the tremendous industrial growth that has made the West what it is, I think the difference, say, between India and Europe in the 12th or 13th century would not have been very great. Differences have been intensified by this process of industrialization which has promoted material well-being tremendously and which is destroying the life of the mind, which is in a process of deterioration, chiefly because the environment that has been created by it does not give time or opportunity to individuals to think. If the life of the mind is not encouraged, then inevitably civilization collapses.

    111. The words “the Orient and the Occident” mean

    a) the West and the East respectively

    b) the East and the West respectively

    c) the North and the South respectively

    d) the South and the North respectively

    112. The author believes that the difference between India and Europe in the 12th or 13th century was not very great because

    a) Indians and Europeans mixed freely

    b) Indians imitated the European way of living

    c) Europeans imitated the Indian way of living

    d) Industrialization had not yet taken place

    113. In the opinion of the author, Industrialization is

    a) an absolute blessing

    b) an absolute curse

    c) neither a blessing nor a curse

    d) more of a curse than a blessing

    114. The author says that the mental life of the world is in a process of deterioration because the modern generation is

    a) endowed with low mental powers

    b) too lazy to exert its mental powers

    c) taught that physical activities are more important than mental

    d) brought up in an environment unfavorable to the growth of the mental life

    115. The title that best expresses the central idea of the passage is

    a) difference between the Occident and the Orient

    b) impact of Industrialization on our civilization

    c) advantages of Industrialization

    d) disadvantages of Industrialization


    In Delhi, it was forbidden by the law, at one time, to take a Dog into public vehicle. One day, a lady, accompanied by a pet dog, entered a bus. Wishing to evade the law, she placed her tiny dog in her dress pocket. It so happened that the person next to this lady was a pickpocket; and during the journey he carefully placed his hand into her pocket in search of her purse. Great was the horror to find instead of a pair of sharp teeth inserted into his fingers. His exclamation of pain and surprise draw the attention of other passengers to him

    116. Once the law in Delhi did not permit the people to

    a) carry dogs into private vehicles

    b) board a bus a without ticket

    c) carry dogs into a public vehicle

    d) carry animals with them

    117. In order to evade the law, the lady

    a) hid the dog under the seat

    b) got off the bus

    c) gave the dog to a fellow passenger

    d) put the dog in her pocket

    118. The pick pocket travelling with the lady

    a) reported the matter to the conductor

    b) put his hand in her pocket

    c) took out the dog

    d) asked the lady to get off

    119. Which one of the following correctly expresses the meaning of “wishing to evade the law”?

    a) Wish to avoid following the law

    b) Desire to follow the law blindly

    c) Reluctance to break the law

    d) Wish to change the law

    120. Why did the pick pocket exclaim with pain?

    a) He was hit by the lady

    b) He was caught by the fellow passengers

    c) He was bitten by the dog

    d) He fell of the bus

    CDS Exam (I) 2019: Eligibility, Pattern and Detailed Syllabus

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