Every year after the 12th Board exams thousands of children apply for admissions in their dream universities. While some are government institutions i.e. ‘State university’ other fall either in the category of private or have been titled deemed universities. But when it comes to choosing the right institute for building the foundations to their future do the students really consider whether the institute is a government one or a deemed university? The answer to that can be quite debatable.
However, another debate related to the same topic has been catching the attention of the medianationwide. The recent directive given by University Grants Council barring 123 deemed universities from using the word ‘university’ with their names as per the orders given by the Supreme Court. The directive brought under scrutiny some of the most esteemed institutes also, such as the IIScBangalore, BIT MESRA and even IIFT Delhi. Some of these institutes are the nation’s pride, the top ranking institutes in their field. In the recent 2017 NRIF Rankings,IISc was declared the best university in the country. It is one of those universities that have been internationally acclaimed apart from the IIT’s.
But what really is the difference between a deemed university or any state or private university for that matter?
As mentioned on the website of the Ministry of Human Resource Department (MHRD), ‘any institution of higher education, other than the universities, working at a very high standard in specific area of study, can be declared by the Central Government on the advice of the UGC as an Institution ‘Deemed-to-be-university’. Institutions that are ‘deemed-to-be-university’ enjoy academic status and privileges of a university.”
So, in short deemed universities are not actually universities but enjoy all the perks and privileges of one. Where state universities have to follow set of streamlined rules and regulations for their entire functioning the Deemed universities on the other hand are free to design their own courses and fee structures. The MHRD though tried to make a move through the UGC to decide the fee structure and the admission policies related to the deemed universities. The universities still have the autonomy in these matters. Also, it’s common notion among students that deemed universities have better state of the art-infrastructure. Where state universities have been around for a long time and associated with the state the deemed universities attract students for advanced infrastructure that they offer often in line with the latest developments in the job markets in the respective fields.
Any institution is awarded the status of a deemed university in accordance with the Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956. There are some criteria’s that an institution must fulfill in order to be declared a deemed university some of them are as follows –
Has demonstrated the characteristics of a university through diverse curricular provisions, contribution to teaching; and, verifiable research output.
Has under graduate and atleast five post graduate departments in existence for 3 years with research programmes.
Shall be engaged in research activity, publications and scholarly works and shall have doctoral/post-doctoral research programmes. The faculty in Humanities, Social Sciences, and Languages shall have at least 10 publications and Faculty of Sciences/Medicine/Engineering shall have at least 15 publications per year in refereed journals listed by UGC and having an impact factor.
Shall have adequate number of full-time fully qualified faculty for teaching and research as per UGC/concerned Statutory Council(s) norms.
Shall possess the necessary infrastructure for quality research and seamless access to modern information resources.
The notice does come as an alarming news. All that the directive states is that the institutions drop the word university from their names. The notice has been issued to 123 such Deemed to be universities. Looking in a general sense universities are usually institutions that have a group of college affiliated to them. The universities state a common set of rules and regulations for these affiliated institutions to abide by. A deemed university on the other hand cannot have other institutes affiliated to it and has a single educational institute under its wing. For more such articles about news on college and college life for students please visit, www.jagranjosh.com/college.