Amnesty International Report released in 2nd week of April states that the number of countries that carried executions a decade ago has gone down, but the trend of resuming death penalties has seen a rise in India and other nations like Gambia, Japan and Pakistan.
In the report released in 2003, there were 28 countries that executed the convicts but the latest report identified 21 countries in the list. The report has displayed its major concern towards the recent decisions of Indian Courts that meted at least 78 death sentences, with an estimated number of 400 people to be on the death row. With all these (78) death sentences pronounced India was placed at second position after Pakistan with 242 cases in the list of Asia-Pacific region. In 19 countries of the region, the report has recorded at least 679 new death sentences in 2012.
The 2012 figures prove that the trend of death penalty when seen as a global trend is being abolished. However as per the report, resumption of executions in countries like India, Japan, Gambia and Pakistan as well as Iraq is a matter of concern.
As per the findings of the report, 1722 people across 58 countries were sentenced for death in 2012, whereas in 2011 1923 people were sentenced for death in 63 countries and in 2010 2024 people were sentenced in 67 countries; this means in an years time the death penalties across the world has moved towards a decline.