Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi led Union Cabinet has given its nod for implementation of umbrella scheme of "Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF)" for years 2017-18 to 2019-20.
The total budget outlay for the Modernisation of Police Forces scheme over the three year’s period is Rs.25,060 crore, in which the Central Government will contribute Rs.18,636 crore and the States will contribute Rs.6,424 crore.
Important features of this scheme:
• There are provisions madeunder the Scheme for law & order, internal security, women security, accessibility of modern weapons, versatility of police powers, logistic support, procuring of helicopters, upgradation of police wireless, National Satellite Network, CCTNS venture, E-prison project and so forth.
• Under the umbrella scheme for Modernisation of Police Forces, budget outlay of Rs.10,132 crore by central government has been earmarked for internal security related expenditure for North Eastern States, Jammu & Kashmir, and left wing extremism affected States.
• The outlay of Rs.3,000 crore for the Scheme of Special Central Assistance (SCA) for worst LWE affected districts (35) has been introduced to tackle the issue of non-development in these district.
• A budget of Rs.100 crore has been earmarked in the North Eastern States (NE states) for police training institutes, infrastructure upgradation, investigation facilities etc.
• Implementation of this Modernisation of Police Forces scheme would boost the Government's ability to address challenges faced in different areas affected by some sort of instability like Jammu and Kashmir, LWE, and North East effectively and undertake the development initiations which will bolster the quality of life in these areas and help combat these issues effectively at the same time.
• The umbrella scheme also makes a way for upgradation of Sardar Patel Global Centre for Security, Counter Terrorism and Anti Insurgency in Jaipur and setting up of a State-of Art forensic science laboratory in Amravati, Andhra Pradesh and and Gujarat Forensic Science University in Gandhi Nagar.
Why Police Reform?
•From 2005 to 2015, Crime per lakh persons increased by 28%, whereas, State police forces have 24% vacancies and they have shortages in weaponry and vehicles
•Low quality of state investigation departments and Political interference.
•Police arms and equipment in most of the states are outdated.
•Police departments have lack of coordination within.
•Lack of training and manpower.
•Police departments are facing the challenges like lack of police force, police training along with the quality, the long working hours sometimes without any leave, as well as the isolation of police force from the public in the form of separate living quarters .
•Police forces are a part of society and they should be made an integral part the society they live in.
Police is a state subject
•Police is in a state list and hence it is exclusive to states. Therefore, the centre has its limitations in this regard.
•Post-independence, some of the states came out with their own police acts. For example, the Kerala Police act 1960; Bombay Police act, 1951; the Delhi Police act, 1978.