China's Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) on 1 July 2015 passed the new National Security Law highlighting cyber security and demanding the establishment of a coordinated, efficient crisis management system.
Out of the 155 lawmakers present at a bimonthly session of the Standing Committee, 154 voted for the legislation. This new law vows to protect people's fundamental interests.
Provisions of the National Security Law
Security is a crucial issue in China. In 2013, a National Security Commission headed by Xi Jinping was established. An overall national security outlook put forward by Xi was also incorporated in this new law.
The first National Security Law was adopted in the year 1993. It regulated the work of the country's national security agencies, whose major duty is counterespionage.
However, in November 2014, China's legislature adopted Counterespionage Law, a new security law that replaced the above 1993 legislation.
This new law granted national security agencies authority to seize property related to espionage activities. Security agencies were entitled to seal and seize any device, money, venue, supplies and other properties that are related to espionage activities.
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When: 1 July 2015
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