COP26: India will achieve net-zero carbon emissions target by 2070, PM Modi at climate summit in Glasgow

COP26 Glasgow: Know key highlights from PM Modi’s 5 goals at the climate summit in Glasgow and the bilateral meeting between PM Modi-UK PM Boris Johnson.

Created On: Nov 1, 2021 17:01 ISTModified On: Nov 2, 2021 12:46 IST
PM Modi at COP26 Summit Glasgow, Twitter/MEAIndia
PM Modi at COP26 Summit Glasgow, Twitter/MEAIndia

COP26 Glasgow: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 1, 2021, addressed the COP26 World Leaders’ Summit in Glasgow, Scotland, where he highlighted that adaptation has not gained much importance in the global climate debate as much as mitigation of climate crisis. During India’s national statement at COP26, he elaborated on India’s vision and efforts. He said India will achieve its net-zero carbon emissions target by 2070. He also met UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the sidelines of the COP26 Summit.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Glasgow on October 31, 2021, to participate in the 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) on Climate Change from November 1, 2021, to November 2, 2021. PM Modi had arrived in Glasgow after concluding the 16th G20 Summit 2021 during his three-day visit to Rome.

Meanwhile, the COP26 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) began on October 31, 2021, in Glasgow, Scotland. Under the Presidency of the UK partnering with Italy in Glasgow, COP26 is being held from October 31 to November 12, 2021.

Also read: CoP26: What is the UN Climate Conference and Why is it significant?- Know in detail

PM Modi at COP26: Addressing the Climate Summit in Glasgow

PM Modi addressed the World Leaders’ Summit (WLS) at the 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow. He addressed the leader-level COP26 event ‘Action and Solidarity: The Critical Decade’.

In his address, PM Modi highlighted that adaptation has not gained much importance in the global climate debate as much as mitigation of climate crisis. He stressed the need to include climate change adaptation policies in all development policies and projects.

Lack of climate adaptation policies is an injustice to developing countries that are more susceptible to climate change. In most developing countries including India, the climate is a big challenge for farmers. Untimely rains and floods, changing cropping patterns, frequent storms destroying crops are a few of many challenges.

“From sources of drinking water to affordable housing, all need to be made resilient against climate change,” stressed PM Modi at COP26.

PM Modi presented 3 perspectives in this regard. First, he urged world leaders to make adaptation a core part of our development policies and projects. Various projects in India such as ‘Nal se Jal’, Clean Ujjawala, and Clean India Mission have not offered adaptation benefits to our citizens in need but have also enhanced their quality of life.

Second, he emphasized that traditional practices should be given significant importance in our adaptation policies as the traditional communities are bestowed with wisdom to live in harmony with nature. He added that the topic of Climate change should be taught in schools. There is a need to include climate change adaptation policies in the school syllabus to make next-generation aware of issues, he added.

Third, he shared a vision of global support for local methods of adaptation. He said that the climate adaptation methods and traditional practices may be local but developing countries and backward countries should receive global support for them. He requested all the countries to join one of India’s initiatives known as the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).

The World Leaders’ Summit (WLS), a high-level segment of COP26 will be held on November 1 to 2, 2021, in Glasgow which will be attended by Heads of State and Governments of more than 120 countries. Watch PM Modi's full address at COP26 Summit in Glasgow.

PM Modi at COP26: Delivering National Statement at Climate Summit in Glasgow

PM Modi delivered India’s national statement on climate action at the COP26 Summit in Glasgow.

Speaking at the COP26 Summit, PM Narendra Modi elaborated on India’s vision and efforts to overcome climate change.

PM Modi presented 5 goals of India at the COP26 Climate Summit to deal with the climate crisis.

•India will achieve its net-zero carbon emissions target by 2070.

•India will bring its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW by 2030.

•India will achieve 50 per cent of its energy requirements from renewable energy by 2030.

•India will reduce the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now to 2030.

•India will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy to less than 45 per cent by 2030.

PM Modi proposed a One-Word Movement in the context of climate called LIFE (Lifestyle for Environment). He urged for collective participation to take LIFE forward as a campaign.

Bilateral Meeting between PM Modi-UK PM Boris Johnson in Glasgow

PM Narendra Modi met UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the sidelines of the COP26 World Leaders’ Summit in Glasgow on November 1, 2021.

The official statement by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India stated that PM Modi congratulated UK PM Johnson for successfully organizing the COP26 and for his leadership in championing the global action for climate change mitigation and adaption.

PM Modi further reiterated India’s commitment to closely working with the UK on climate finance, innovation, and adaptation to green hydrogen, technology, renewables, and clean technologies, including joint initiatives under CDRI and ISA.

Both world leaders, PM Modi-UK PM Johnson, reviewed the implementation of the Roadmap 2030 priorities particularly in the economy and trade, health, people-to-people, defence, and security areas. Both leaders were satisfied with the progress achieved in delivering the Enhanced Trade Partnership including the launch of FTA negotiations.

PM Modi and UK PM Johnson also deliberated on regional and global challenges including Counter-Terrorism, Afghanistan, Indo-Pacific, post-COVID global economic recovery, and supply chain resilience.

PM Modi meets community leaders and Indologists based in Scotland

'Strengthening people-to-people bonds': PM Modi with Indian community in Glasgow.

India’s focus at COP26 summit – Key Points

India’s ‘ambitious’ Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) goals for the post-2020 period under the Paris Agreement will be India's focus at the COP26 Summit.

These NDC Goals include a reduction in the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from the 2005 level and achieving 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.

Predictable and consistent financing of green technology for developing countries will be another key area of focus for India.

"India is among the top countries in the world in terms of installed renewable energy, wind, and solar energy capacity. At the WLS, I will share India's excellent track record on climate action and our achievements," PM Modi said in a statement ahead of the summit.

He will also address the need to comprehensively address climate change issues including mobilization of finance, support for mitigation and adaptation and resilience-building measures, technology transfer, equitable distribution of carbon space, and the importance of sustainable lifestyles for green and inclusive growth, he added.

Also read: India, UK restates commitment to climate action ahead of COP26 Summit

PM Modi in UK: 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) on Climate Change – PM Modi’s schedule

Day 1 – November 1, 2021

Meeting with community leaders and Indologists based in Scotland.

Address the Plenary Session of the World Leaders’ Summit (WLS) at the 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow.

Hold a bilateral meeting with UK PM Boris Johnson.

Deliver India’s national statement on the climate action at the leader-level COP26 event ‘Action and Solidarity: The Critical Decade’.

Attend a special VVIP reception at Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum. The reception will also include the UK’s royal family Prince Charles and wife Camilla and Prince William and wife Kate Middleton.

Day 2 – November 2, 2021

Hold a series of bilateral meetings with leaders of Argentina, Japan, Ukraine, Malawi, Nepal Israel, Finland, and Switzerland, as well as a meeting with Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates.

Launch the Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS), a new programme for the small island states is part of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), an Indian initiative announced by Modi at the UN General Assembly in 2019.

Also read: 16th G20 Summit 2021 Highlights: Leaders adopt Rome Declaration; PM Modi calls G20 Summit 'fruitful'

PM Modi-UK PM Boris Johnson Bilateral Meeting in Glasgow

The talks are expected to focus on the India-UK climate partnership as well as take cognizance of the 2030 Roadmap for a stronger India-UK Strategic Partnership that was signed by both world leaders in a virtual summit in May 2021.

"Both governments remain committed to the implementation of the Roadmap, within prescribed timelines. Accordingly, we are looking to launch negotiations in November 2021 for an Interim Agreement to be signed in March 2022 and eventually a comprehensive agreement, if all goes according to schedule, by November 2022," said India's High Commissioner to the UK, Gaitri Issar Kumar.

Also read: Climate Change: UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2021 – Top 10 Key Highlights

Also read: IPCC Climate Change 2021 Report: Human activities are making extreme weather events more frequent, severe

Also read: Climate Change: State of the Climate in Asia 2020 Report – Know Key Highlights

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