The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the scheme for strengthening the tertiary care cancer facilities under the National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, CVDs and Stroke (NPCDCS).
The total cost of this is 4697 crore Rupees with the Central Government and State share of 3535 crore Rupees and 1162 crore Rupees respectively.
What does the proposal seek?
• The aim of the proposal is to enhance the tertiary care cancer facilities available in the country, address spatial imbalances, reduce waiting period for diagnosis and treatment, provide access to free/affordable facilities for the poor and increase availability of human resources trained for cancer.
• The proposal is to assist the State or Union Territory Governments in setting up State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and for setting up or strengthening of Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC).
• The scheme will enhance the physical (equipment) capacity.
• Apart from this, the teaching and research facilities for cancer will also be strengthened in all the States.
• The implementation of the proposal will help in increasing radio therapy as well as medical oncology and other cancer related facilities in underserved areas.
• The implementation of the proposal will additionally help in increasing the bed capacities for in-patient treatment.
• 20 State Cancer Institutes (SCI) will be established in 20 States and 50 Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) in different parts of the country.
• Financial assistance of up to 120 crore Rupees as well as 45 crore Rupees would be facilitated for SCI and TCCC respectively, inclusive of Government of India’s share of 75 percent and State share of 25 percent.
• In addition to diagnosis and treatment, the assisted institutions will impart training to doctors, nurses, technicians etc.
• Apart from this, there will be the activities pertaining to prevention, early detection, treatment and rehabilitation being undertaken in various districts under the National Rural Health Mission (now the National Health Mission) component of the programme.
• Cancer cases detected during screening at the district levels will be treated at the SCI/TCCC.
• Recurring costs will be borne by the State Governments and the institution concerned. The recurring cost for the central monitoring cell at Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) and for the Cancer Registries component will however be borne by the Union Government of India.
It is important to note that cancer has become the major public health challenge in India. It is also one of the major causes of deaths in India. It is also estimated that in India, there are 28 lakh cases of cancer at any point of time. New cases every year and annual mortality are estimated to be 11 lakh and 5 lakh respectively.