German Chancellor Angela Merkel was re-elected unopposed as head of Conservative Christian Democrats party on 9 December 2014. She was elected as the head of the party for the eighth time by winning 96.7 percent of delegates' votes.
She has been the leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000 and the Chancellor of Germany since 2005. She is the first woman to hold either office.
A former research scientist, she entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989 and was appointed as the Federal Minister for Women and Youth in 1991 under Chancellor Helmut Kohl. She became the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety in 1994, serving until 1998.
In 2007, Merkel was President of the European Council and chaired the G8, this made her the second woman (after Margaret Thatcher) to do so. She played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration.
When: on 9 December 2014