The new poll called Global Index of Religion and Atheism, by WIN/Gallup International which measures self-perceptions on the beliefs on global level, indicated that 13 percent of the world population identified themselves as atheists. Around half of the Chinese population comprised of non-believers. The poll indicated that in the United States, religiosity was declining notably.
The 2012 Global Index of Religion and Atheism surveyed over 50000 people in 40 countries. These people were surveyed on categories- religious, non-religious and convinced atheists. Overall, the results declared that 59 percent of world population was religious, 23 percent was non-religious and 13 percent was convinced atheist.
China has maximum number of convinced atheists
Maximum numbers of convinced atheists were found in China. Around 47 percent of Chinese population was convinced atheist. The reason for such a large population of China being atheist is attributed to the political history. The Republic Government of China was originally atheist during the formation in 1949.
Error margin of the Global Index of Religion and Atheism was between 3 to 5 percent.
Non-Religious population in India on the rise
The Global Index of Religion and Atheism also revealed that non-religious population in India was rising considerably. In the survey conducted in 2005, 87 percent population had declared itself to be religious. This percentage fell to 81 percent in 2012.
Also, there was 1 percent sink in the population of atheist in India. In 2005, there were 4 percent atheists in India, which sank to 3 percent in 2012.
Globally, similar kind of trend was observed. Overall, the Religiosity dropped down by 9 percent, while atheism increased by 3 percent. The Global Index of Religion and Atheism report revealed considerable decline in self-description of being religious.
Pakistan saw an increase in number of religious population (6 percent). In Argentina (where the current Pope is present), there was a decrease of 8 percent in people believing in religion. South Africa saw a 19 percent dip in religious people. In US, there was a sink of 13 percent, while in Switzerland, France and Vietnam; there was a dip of 21 percent, 21 percent and 23 percent respectively.
What is Global Index of Religion and Atheism?
The WIN-Gallup International Religion and Atheism Index measures the global self-perceptions on beliefs. It is based on the interviews which were conducted with more than 50000 men as well as women from 57 countries across the world in 5 continents. This survey provided insight into the trend data of shifts in the attitude of people since 2005. WIN-Gallup International is the network of top most independent pollsters of the world.