India and the United States on 25 January 2015 released the Joint Statement titled Shared Effort; Progress for All. The Joint Statement was released during the US President Barack Obama’s three day visit to India as the Chief Guest at India`s 66th Republic Day celebrations.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Barack Obama appreciated the significant efforts undertaken by both sides in recent months to re-energize the strategic partnership, and affirmed expanding the substantive underpinnings of our diversified bilateral strategic partnership including through expanded strategic consultations, stronger defence, security, and economic cooperation.
The two leaders pledged to translate their commitment of Chalein Saath Saath: Forward Together We Go of September 2014 into action through Sanjha Prayaas; Sab Ka Vikaas: Shared Effort; Progress For All.
- In this regard, both the countries agreed to continue to strengthen their broad-based partnership for development through stronger trade, technology, manufacturing, and investment linkages between the two countries and triangular cooperation with partner countries.
- They also committed to continue efforts to maintain labour standards as per domestic law and agreed international norms will make these linkages more durable.
- The two sides also committed to continuing to cooperate on the finalization of the Post-Bali Work Programme in the spirit of the Doha mandate.
- Both the leaders instructed their officials to assess the prospects for moving forward with high-standard bilateral investment treaty discussions given their respective approaches.
- The two sides agreed to hold a discussion on the elements required in both countries to pursue an India-US Totalisation Agreement.
- Both the leaders committed to explore areas of collaboration in skill development ranging from establishing quality assurance systems for skilling certification standards, setting up of skill development centres, nurturing and promoting social entrepreneurship and strengthening the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem.
- Both the countries agreed to collaborate in the implementation of India`s ambitious Digital India programme and expand commercial cooperation by encouraging investment engagement in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector.
- The two sides agreed to hold public-private discussions in early 2015 under the aegis of the India-US Commercial Dialogue for a period of two years, until March 2016, on mutually agreed areas of cooperation.
- Both the Leaders looked forward to enhancing engagement on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in 2015 under the High Level Working Group on Intellectual Property, to the mutual benefit of both the countries.
- Both the Leaders agreed to facilitate U.S. Trade and Development Agency and Indian Railways technical cooperation that will assist Indian Railways’ efforts to modify its leasing and public-private partnership frameworks to attract private sector funding.
- The two leaders also pledged to collaborate through India`s Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN), to facilitate short-term teaching and research programs by up to 1000 visiting US academics in Indian universities.
High Technology, Space and Health Cooperation
- To this end, both the countries agreed to continue to develop cooperative efforts in many areas of science, technology, and innovation, including studying the impacts of water, air pollution, sanitation and hygiene on human health and well-being.
- They also agreed to continue India-US collaboration in hydrology and water studies and monsoon modelling and noted the need to expeditiously work towards launching an Indo-U.S. Climate Fellowship to facilitate human capacity building.
- The two leaders also reaffirmed the importance of ongoing efforts to strengthen women`s participation in science, technology, engineering, and math through networking and mentoring programs.
- Both the leaders agreed to further promote cooperative and commercial relations between India and the United States in the field of space.
- Both the Leaders announced specific actions at home and abroad to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including a CDC-Ministry of Health Ebola and GHSA preparedness training, expansion of the India Epidemic Intelligence Service, and development of a roadmap to achieve the objectives of the GHSA within three years.
- The two leaders also committed to multi-sectoral actions countering the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and cooperation in training of health workers in preparedness for infectious disease threats.
- The two leaders agreed to focus science and technology partnerships on countering antibiotic resistant bacteria and promoting the availability, efficacy and quality of therapeutics.
- Both the leaders also agreed to expand the India-U.S. Health Initiative into a Healthcare Dialogue with relevant stakeholders to further strengthen bilateral collaboration in health sectors
- The two Leaders also agreed to accelerate joint leadership of the global Call to Action to end preventable deaths among mothers and children through a third meeting of the 24 participating countries in India in June 2015.
Defence and Homeland Security Cooperation
- Prime Minister Modi and President Obama welcomed the efforts made by both sides to expand bilateral defence cooperation in areas of mutual interest and reaffirmed their commitment to continue to work towards deepening the bilateral defence relationship.
- To this end, they emphasized the ongoing importance of the Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) in developing new areas of technology cooperation in the defence sector including through co-development and co-production.
- The two leaders committed to undertake efforts to make the U.S.-India partnership a defining counter-terrorism relationship for the 21st Century by deepening collaboration to combat the full spectrum of terrorist threats and keep their respective homelands and citizens safe from attacks.
- Both the leaders agreed to continue ongoing efforts through the Homeland Security Dialogue as well as the next round of the U.S.-India Joint Working Group on Counter Terrorism in late 2015 to develop actionable elements of bilateral engagement.
- They also agreed to enter discussions to deepen collaboration on UN terrorist designations, and reiterated their call for Pakistan to bring the perpetrators of the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai to justice.
Clean Energy Goal and Cooperation
President Obama and Prime Minister Modi emphasized the critical importance of expanding clean energy research, development, manufacturing and deployment, which increases energy access and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
To this end both the leaders announced actions to advance India`s transition to low carbon economy. India intends to increase the share of use of renewable in electricity generation consistent with its intended goal to increase India`s solar target to 100 gigawatts by 2022.
The United States intends to support India`s goal by enhancing cooperation on clean energy and climate change. These include
- A renewed commitment to Partnership to Advance Clean Energy Research (PACE-R), including extending funding for three existing research tracks of solar energy, building energy efficiency, and biofuels for an additional five years and launching a new track on smart grid and grid storage.
- Both the countries intended to expand our current Partnership to Advance Clean Energy Deployment (PACE-D) through increased bilateral engagements and further joint initiatives to expand cooperation in support of India’s ambitious targets in renewable energy.
- Accelerating Clean Energy Finance consistent with its policies, to support private sector involvement for those entities in contributing to India’s clean energy requirements
- Implementing EPA’s AIR Now-International Program and megacities partnerships, focused on disseminating information to help the urban dwellers to reduce their exposure to harmful levels of air pollution, and enable urban policy planners to implement corrective strategies for improving Ambient Air Quality in the cities keeping in view health and climate change co-benefits of these strategies.
- Jointly Initiating Climate Resilience Tool Development that will work to downscale international climate models for the Indian sub-continent to much higher resolution than currently available.
- Demonstrating Clean Energy and Climate Initiatives in the areas of space cooling, super-efficient appliances, renewable energy storage, and smart grids
- Both countries concluded negotiations on a five year MoU on Energy Security, Clean Energy and Climate Change.
Global Issues and Regional Consultations
- Both the leaders agreed to expand their efforts to assist other developing countries and address global development challenges for the benefit of the wider region and the world and they lauded ongoing triangular assistance, which may involve India-US collaboration to address development challenges in third countries in areas including health, energy, food security, disaster management, and women’s empowerment.
- In a further effort to strengthen global non-proliferation and export control regimes, both the leaders committed to continue to work towards India’s phased entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), the Wassenaar Arrangement, and the Australia Group.