The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched two indigenous Glucose Monitoring Device, Suchek and QuickcheQ, on 13 January 2014. The launching of two kinds of glucometers and testing strips will make mass screening and detection feasible.
Suchek is designed and developed by Nanobios Lab, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai.
Suchek is very useful for health camps as it has a mobile application, which helps save, trend and analyse blood glucose levels at an individual level.
QuickcheQ is designed and developed by the Birla Institute of Technology, Hyderabad with funding from the Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR).
These will be manufactured by Biosense Technologies and will be available in the open market in the next six months.
Among the non-communicable diseases, diabetes is rapidly rising all over the world. Globally, it is estimated that 382 million people living with diabetes. India alone is reported to have more than 65 million cases of diabetes, the second largest number after China.
Under the national programme on prevention and control of cancer, diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and stroke, more than 53 million people have been screened for diabetes and more than 50 million for hypertension.
Diabetes, diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly polydipsia(frequent thirst) and polyphagia( frequent hunger).
There are three types of diabetes:
1) Type 1 Diabetes
The body does not produce insulin. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
2) Type 2 Diabetes
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
3) Gestational Diabetes
This type affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
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