13 October: International Day for Disaster Reduction
The International Day for Disaster Reduction was observed across the world on October 13, 2018 to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.
The day celebrated how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the risks associated with them.
The theme of the 2018 International Day for Disaster Reduction was ‘Reducing Disaster Economic Losses’.
The 2018 theme continues as part of the "Sendai Seven" campaign, centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework. This year focuses on Target C of the Sendai Framework, which is, ‘reducing disaster economic losses in relation to global GDP by 2030’.
Sendai Seven Campaign
In 2016, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) launched the Sendai Seven campaign, which was centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework.
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.
The campaign seeks to create a wave of awareness about actions taken to reduce mortality around the world.
The campaign is an opportunity for all, including governments, local governments, international organisations, the private sector and the UN family to promote best practices at the international, regional and national level across all sectors, in order to reduce disaster risk and disaster losses.
Seven targets of Sendai Framework
1) Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030
2) Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030
3) Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030
4) Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services by 2030
5) Substantially increase the number of countries with disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020
6) Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries by 2030
7) Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems by 2030
When was the day proclaimed?
• In 1989, the UN General Assembly through a resolution had designated the second Wednesday of October as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.
• Later on December 21, 2009, the Assembly adopted a new resolution on in which it designated 13 October as the date to commemorate the Day and it also changed the day’s name to International Day for Disaster Reduction.
• The main objective of the observance is to raise awareness of how people are taking action to reduce their risk to disasters.
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