29 June: International Day of the Tropics
The International Day of the Tropics 2017 was observed across the world on 29 June 2017 with an aim to raise awareness to the specific challenges faced by tropical areas and the far-reaching implications of the issues affecting the world’s tropical zone.
The International Day of the Tropics celebrates the diversity of the tropics and provides an opportunity to share tropical stories and expertise and to acknowledge the diversity and potential of the region.
The day was proclaimed on 14 June 2016 by the resolution of United Nations General Assembly to mark the anniversary of the 'State of the Tropics Report' that was launched by Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi on 29 June 2014.
• The Tropics account for 40 per cent of the world’s total surface area and are host to approximately 80 per cent of the world’s biodiversity and much of its language and cultural diversity.
• The Tropics are that part of the Earth that fall between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn.
• Although topography and other factors contribute to its climatic variation, but tropical locations are typically warm and experience little seasonal change in day-to-day temperature.
• An important feature of the Tropics is the frequency of rain in the moist inner regions near the equator, and that the seasonality of rainfall increases with the distance from the equator.
• The tropical region faces a number of challenges such as climate change, deforestation, logging, urbanisation and demographic changes.