The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched India’s heaviest rocket GSLV Mark-III-X carrying Crew module Atmospheric Reentry Experiment (CARE) from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on 18 December 2014. It weighs 630 tonnes.
Objective behind the test of the 155 crore rupees mission was to check the atmospheric stability around four tonne luggage and study the re-entry characteristics of the crew module.
The GSLV Mark-III-X lifted off from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre carrying the human crew module CARE and separated the crew module at an altitude of 126 km for re-entry into the earth's atmosphere.
The module controlled by 3 parachutes safely splashed down into the Bay of Bengal off Andaman and Nicobar Islands and was recovered by coast guards near Indira Point, the southernmost point of India.
The experiment lasted for about 20 minutes saw all the events as pre-planned. The successful completion of the experimental test will boost India’s mission of sending human to the space. It will also double the capacity of payloads India can carry into space.
The full fledged launch of the rocket will take place in two years and is likely to be held in another two years.
A few years back ISRO had carried out a similar experiment on a smaller scale in which the module had orbited around the earth for 15 days before entering back.
Importance of GSLV MK – III-X
• It will help India become self-reliant in launching heavier communication satellites of INSAT-4 class weighing 4500 to 5000 kg.
• It would also enhance the capability of the country to be a competitive player in the multimillion dollar commercial launch market.
• It will double the capacity of payloads India can carry into space boosting India’s mission of sending human to the space.